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Beyond the 5-Paragraph Essay


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How to move beyond the 5-paragraph essay

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Beyond the 5-Paragraph Essay

  1. 1. Paper Organization<br />Part one: Full Paper<br />A Journey Onward from the 5-Paragraph Essay<br />
  2. 2. Back in High School, so Long Ago…<br />The Five-paragraph Essay<br /> It was a good start for what it was trying to do: “Say what you’re going to say, then say it, and then say what you said.”<br />
  3. 3. Example 5-paragraph Essay<br />Thesis: “Boys rule and girls drool. Boys are too cool for school.”<br />Outline:<br />“Boys rule and girls drool.”<br />Evidence for boys ruling<br />point one<br />Point two<br />Evidence for girls drooling<br />point<br />Evidence for boys being too cool for school<br />Point one<br />Point two<br /> 5. Conclusion: “Boys rule and girls drool. Boys are too cool for school”<br />
  4. 4. Strengths of the 5-Paragraph<br />Easy to write quickly<br />Easy to follow<br />Well-suited for 2-3 page assignments<br />It’s a classic!<br />
  5. 5. And Weakness of the 5-Paragraph<br />Difficult for long papers<br />Lose opportunity to include additional useful information such as history or review of literature.<br />Comes off as less sophisticated.<br />
  6. 6. So what other options are there?<br />Compare/Contrast<br />History<br />Review of Literature<br />Argument and Counter-argument<br />Implications<br />Etc.<br />
  7. 7. Consider Timbur’s Paper<br />Introduction<br />Roots of SACHED and its goals<br />Changes in race relations<br />Critique of 70s-era black education<br />Political composition of SACHED<br />Explanation of thesis (definitions, etc.)<br />SACHED popular literacy<br />
  8. 8. Popular Literacy and SACHED<br />Roux’s work “Easy English”<br />Origins of “Easy English”<br />Problems with “Easy English”<br />…<br />How does this outline change things? <br />Lengthening and strengthening<br />
  9. 9. A More Sophisticated Outline<br />Thesis: “Boys go to Jupiter to get more stupider; girls go to Mars to get more candy bars.”<br />Thesis<br />History of juvenile space travel<br />Lack of gender studies in review of literature<br />Boys’ increased stupidity, post-Jupiter<br />Evidence #1<br />Evidence #2<br />Girls’ increased candy from Mars<br />Evidence #1<br />Evidence #2<br />Implications for gender relations on Earth<br />Conclusion<br />
  10. 10. Strengths of a Mixed Outline<br />Greater freedom of motion<br />More information than just analysis<br />Weaknesses of a Mixed Outline<br />Can be harder to follow<br />Hint 1: Try using sub-headings!<br />Hint 2: Try setting out “road map” in thesis<br />Best for longer papers<br />
  11. 11. Bless Your HS Teachers!<br />The 5-paragraph essay is a beautiful thing and very useful for high school students to learn, but there’s a whole world of organization out there. Go and write!<br />Please remember to go home and write your high school teacher a nice email thanking him/her for teaching you the basics of writing!<br />