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Immigrantion From Africa

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A presentation built by 3 Lieda (Gozo College Girls Secondary School) as part of the project Let Us Open our Hearts on Africa.

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Immigrantion From Africa

  1. 1. Immigration Illegal Immigration from Africa to Europe By, Corine, Chantelle & Janet
  2. 2. What is illegal immigration? <ul><li>Illegal immigration is when people enter a new country illegally, with no documents. These people are called illegal immigrants. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Immigrants in Europe <ul><li>The majority of African migrants living overseas are in Europe (about 4.6m compared with 890,000 in the US). But the Migration Policy Institute believes there are between 7 and 8 million irregular African immigrants living in the EU - the actual number changing depending on regularization schemes in the member states. </li></ul>The latest report on migration says African migration to developed countries is marginal in relation to overall flows.
  4. 4. Why do African illegal immigrants migrate? <ul><li>In Africa there are various problems concerning natural disasters such as drought and famine and human disasters such as wars and discrimination. </li></ul><ul><li>However, illegal immigrants migrate because they are in search of a better life. </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Drought </li></ul>
  5. 5. War <ul><li>Illegal immigration may be prompted by the desire to escape from civil war in th eir country of origin . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Family re u n ion <ul><li>Some illegal immigrants seek to live with loved ones, such as their family members. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Poverty <ul><li>One cause of illegal immigration can be poverty. Illegal immigrants enter a country in search of wages higher than those achieve d in their home countries. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Population growth <ul><li>Population growth exceeds the carrying capacity of an area or environment results in overpopulation. Growth in human population can cause problems such as pollution , water crisis and poverty. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What are the methods? <ul><li>There are three methods, of how illegal immigrants can enter a country. </li></ul><ul><li>Border crossing </li></ul><ul><li>Overstaying a visa </li></ul><ul><li>Fraudulent marriage </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Border crossing </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants from nations that do not have automatic visa agreements, or who would not otherwise qualify for a visa, often cross the borders illegally . This is a very danegerous method. </li></ul><ul><li>border control at sea </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Overstaying a visa </li></ul><ul><li>Some illegal immigrants enter a country legally and then overstay or violate their visa. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Fraudulent marriage </li></ul><ul><li>A third way to enter a country is to engage in a sham marriage, registering as married with the government for the purpose of obtaining papers for one half of the partnership in exchange for monetary or other considerations. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Routes to Europe The main aim of illegal migrants is to reach Europe.
  14. 14. How do African illegal immigrants travel? <ul><li>African illegal immigrants cannot afford to travel by plane so they have to rent a small boat. To enter another country by boat, they endure many problems such as storms and sea sickness. So you can clearly imagine how desperate they can be. </li></ul><ul><li>Sea Storms </li></ul><ul><li>Sea Sickness </li></ul>
  15. 15. Who gets to travel on the boat? <ul><li>Everyone gets to travel whether a young baby of 2 months or an elderly man of 86. They are just in search of a better life and because they can`t afford to buy a passport or a visa, they come in a country illegally. These people are sometimes injured and need great care to survive the harsh conditions of nature. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Dangers <ul><li>Illegal immigrants expose themselves to dangers while engaged in illegal entry to another country. Aside from the possibility that they may be intercepted and deported, some considerably more dangerous outcomes have been known to result from their activity. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Slavery <ul><li>Illegal immigrants can be kidnapped or tricked into slavery to work as laborers, for example in factories. Those trafficked in this manner often face additional barriers to escaping slavery, since their status as illegal immigrants makes it difficult for them to gain access to help or services. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Death <ul><li>Each year there are several thousands of illegal immigrants that die. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Where do they go when they arrive at their destination? <ul><li>When they arrive at their destination, they go to the detention centre. In Malta, the detention centre is in Hal Safi. In the detention centre, illegal immigrants and also refugees, live there until the authorities give them the refugee status. </li></ul>
  20. 22. What is the refugee status? <ul><li>The refugee status is when there is evidence that the immigrants have entered the country because of a problem in their country such as drought, famine, discrimination and wars. Those who receive the refugee status, can buy a normal house, have a job, learn education and have free medical services. </li></ul><ul><li>However these refugees enter a country with documents. Illegal immigrants do not receive the refugee status but they might receive the humanity status which is quite similar but they live in groups of tents and do not receive that many rights. </li></ul>
  21. 23. What do these illegal immigrants do during their day in the detention centre? <ul><li>Well mostly they try to escape the detention centre. However they cannot because they are heavily guarded by soldiers from the armed forces of Malta. They eat brown bread, drink milk and they also eat other goods such as pastry. </li></ul>
  22. 24. This is a little video showing a group of illegal immigrants entering Malta. E N J O Y
  23. 25. The End

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