All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four being sunk. Of these eight damaged, two were raised, and with four repaired, six battleships returned to service later in the war. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship,and one minelayer. 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed.Important base installations such as the power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section) were not attacked. Japanese losses were light: 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 65 servicemen killed or wounded. One Japanese sailor was captured.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor
World War is said to have begun on 1 September 1939 with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and Britain. Attack conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, was on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan) – Next day, war was declared.
U.S. Military Personnel 1941-1945 Volunteers: (6,332,000) 38.8% Draftees: (11,535,000) 61.2%http://bluejacket.com/ww2_facts.html
Women became officially recognized as a permanent part of the armed forces with the passing of the Women's Armed Services Integration Act of 1948; two years after the end of WWII January 3, 1946.
Ten different Japanese-American concentration camps were established; Topaz, Poston, Gila River, Amache, Jerome, Rohuid, Minidoka, Manzanar, Tule, and Heart Mountain.
Once the Japanese-Americans were released from the camps, they were found to have many health problems. These health problems would continue to be passed on between Japanese-Americans for many years. The two most common health problems were heart disease and premature death.
At the end of World War II, January 3, 1946, the last proceeds from the Victory War Bond campaign were deposited into the U.S. Treasury.The last time the United States issued war bonds was during World War II, when full employment collided with rationing, and war bonds were seen as a way to remove money from circulation as well as reduce inflation.Yielded only 2.9 percent in a 10 year maturity.Issued by the U.S. Government, they were first called Defense Bonds. The name was changed to War Bonds after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941.More than a quarter of a billion dollars worth of advertising was donated during the first three years of the National Defense Savings Program. Norman Rockwell created a series of illustrations in 1941 that became a centerpiece of war bond advertising (following slide of examples…).http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1682.html
“Rosie the Riveter” was promoted as the ideal woman worker: loyal, efficient, patriotic, and pretty. A song, “Rosie the Riveter”, became very popular in 1942. Norman Rockwell’s image on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post on May 29, 1943 was the first widely publicized pictorial representation of the new “Rosie the Riveter”.Geraldine Doyle, who as a 17-year-old factory worker became the inspiration for a popular World War II.
Looney Tunes Propaganda Video – Conserving Oil3.01 MIN
In 1942 a rationing system was begun to guarantee minimum amounts of necessities to everyone and prevent inflation. Tire Rationing pg. 11 of National Geographic 1944The rationing system did not apply to used goods (like clothes or cars).
Pearl Harbor was attackedby 353 Japanese fighters,bombers and torpedo planes intwo waves, launched from sixaircraft carriers. 2,402Americans were killed and 1,282 wounded.
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Branch of Killed in Wounded in Service Action ActionArmy/Army Air 234,874 565,861CorpsNavy 36,950 37,778Marine Corps 19,733 67,207Coast Guard 574 432 Total 292,131 671,278
During WWII, approximately400,000 U.S. women served with the armed forces and more than 543 — losttheir lives as a result of the war, including 16 from enemy fire.
President Franklin Roosevelttook charge and required all of the Japanese-Americans living on the West Coast, roughly 120,000 people, To be imprisoned in internment camps.
More than 85 millionAmericans — half the population — purchased bonds totaling $185.7 billion. Those incredible results, due to the mass selling efforts of helping tofinance the war, have never since been matched.
Between 1940 and 1945, thefemale percentage of the U.S.workforce increased from 27 percent to nearly 37percent, and by 1945 nearly one out of every four married women worked outside the home.
Tires were the first item to be rationed in January 1942 because supplies of natural Gasolinerubber were interrupted. rationing proved an even better way to allocate scarce rubber.By 1943 one needed government issued rationcoupons to purchase typewriters, coffee, sugar, gasoline, bicycles, clothing,fuel oil, silk, nylon, stoves, shoes, meat, cheese, butter, lard, margarine, canned foods, driedfruits, jam, and many other items. Some items—like new automobiles and appliances were no longer made.
World War II is the deadliest military conflict in history. Over 60 million or over 2.5% of the world’s population of people was killed.