Confirmation Bias Ingroup Bias Gambler’s Fallacy Post Purchase Realization Neglecting Probability Observational Selection Bias Status Quo Bias Bandwagon Effect Projection Bias Current Moment Bias Anchoring Effect
Mind vs Brain
Difference Between the Brain and Mind
The brain, which is the center of the nervous
system, coordinates the movements, thoughts
and feelings. But these are put forth or felt
through the mind. We all use the mind to think,
feel and respond. The Mind refers to a person’s
understanding of things and also his
conscience. Mind also refers to a person’s
thought process (DifferenceBetween.net, 2015,
You win $500, how does it make you feel?
You lose $500, how does it make you feel?
Which scenario made you feel worse?
The negativity bias is a result of the of the ﬁght-or-
ﬂight response that is activated only during
negative experiences. The adrenaline rush and
increased heart rate that occur with the ﬁght-or-
ﬂight response cause negative events to be
experienced more intensely and imprinted on the
The brain gives more attention to negative
experiences over positive ones because negative
events pose a chance of danger ﬁrmly (Force,
2010, para. 8).
By default, the brain alerts itself to
potential threats in the environment, so
awareness of positive aspects takes
deliberate effort. The most effective
therapies would use methods of making
our brains more responsive to the
positive than the negative
(Force, 2010, para. 9).
• Giving – Doing things for others
• Relating – Connect with people
• Exercising – Take care of your body
• Appreciating – Notice the world around you
• Trying Out – Keep learning new things
• Direction – Have goals to look forward to
• Resilience – Find ways to bounce back
• Emotion – Take a positive approach
• Acceptance – Be comfortable with who you are
• Meaning – Be a part of something bigger
(Action for Happiness, 2014)
Ten Keys to Happier Living
The ability to change the structure and
functioning of the brain through experiences
and the conscious use of directed thoughts is
referred to as neuroplasticity.
The latest research indicates that the adult brain
not only has the ability to repair damaged
regions, but to grow new neurons; that willful
activity has the power to shape the brain in new
directions far into adulthood
(Force, 2010, para. 1 - 2).
• Action for Happiness. (2014). Ten keys to happier living.
Retrieved from http://www.actionforhappiness.org/10-keys
• DifferenceBetween.net. (2015). Difference between mind and
brain. Retrieved from http://www.differencebetween.net/
• Dvorsky, G. (2013). The 12 cognitive biases that prevent you
from being rational. Retrieved from http://io9.com/5974468/
• Force, N. (2010).Humor, neuroplasticity and the power to
change your mind. Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/
• Sentis. (2012). Neuroplasticity. Retrieved from https://