Great Britain


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Great Britain

  1. 1. Welcome to The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Prus Iryna, 52 group
  2. 2. <ul><li>Administrative divisions </li></ul>24 districts 2 cities 6 counties 32 council areas 11 county boroughs 9 counties 2 cities and counties 47 boroughs 12 cities and boroughs 36 counties 10 districts 29 London boroughs 3 royal boroughs 12 cities Scotland Wales England Northern Ireland (Ulster) Great Britain United Kingdom
  3. 3. <ul><li>Geographical position </li></ul><ul><li>The territory is primarily situated on the island of Great Britain and in Northern Ireland on the island of Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>The United Kingdom is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>The mainland is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel and Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Flag </li></ul><ul><li>It is a combination o f : </li></ul><ul><li>the cross of St.George (England) , </li></ul><ul><li>the cross of St.Andrew (Scotland) </li></ul><ul><li>the cross of St. Patrick (Ireland) . </li></ul>The national flag of the UK is called The Union Jack . The current Union Jack dates from January 1, 1801 with the 1801 Act of Union with Ireland.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Origin of the Union Jack </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>England has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round, though the seasons are quite variable in temperature. </li></ul><ul><li>However, temperatures rarely fall below −5 °C or rise above 32 °C. </li></ul><ul><li>It is driest in the east and warmest in the southeast. </li></ul><ul><li>Snowfall can occur in Winter and early Spring, though it is not that common away from high ground. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Population </li></ul>The United Kindgom has population of about 59,9 million people : - England- 49,8 mln people - Scotland- 5,2 mln people - Wales- 3,0 mln people - Ireland- 2,9 mln people The population density is one of the highest in the world. About a quarter of the population lives in England's prosperous south-east and is predominantly urban and suburban.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Whilst the UK does not have an official language, the predominant tongue is English . </li></ul><ul><li>Additional indigenous languages are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scots (which is closely related to English); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romany ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British Sign Language ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Ireland Sign Language . </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The currency in the UK is pound . There are notes: 50, 20, 10 and 5 pounds. Coins: 5, 2, 1 pounds and 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 pence. <ul><li>Currency </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Queen Elizabeth II is: </li></ul><ul><li>the head of State </li></ul>- the head of Legal System <ul><li>the head of Church </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body. </li></ul><ul><li>The parliament is bicameral: </li></ul><ul><li>the House of Lords </li></ul><ul><li>the House of Commons </li></ul><ul><li>The members of the House of Lords are not elected by the population, but the House of Commons is a democratically elected chamber. </li></ul><ul><li>The two Houses meet in separate chambers in the Palace of Westminster (known as the &quot; Houses of Parliament &quot;) in London. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>National anthem </li></ul>&quot; God Save The Queen&quot; is considered as the royal anthem to be played in the presence of members of the Royal Family or as part of the salute accorded to the Governor General and the lieutenant governors . God save our gracious Queen! Long live our noble Queen, God save the Queen: Send her victorious, Happy and glorious, Long to reign over us: God save the Queen!
  13. 13. <ul><li>Stonehenge </li></ul><ul><li>Stonehenge is a prehistoric and mysterious circle of upright stones in southern England. Construction on the site began 5,000 years ago; the famous stones that still stand today were put in place about 4,000 years ago. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Cities </li></ul><ul><li>London (England) </li></ul><ul><li>Edinburgh (Scotland) </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiff (Wales) </li></ul><ul><li>Belfast (Northern Ireland) </li></ul>The four capitals of the United Kingdom's constituent countries are:
  15. 15. London is the UK’s largest city
  16. 16. <ul><li>But as you know it is much better to come and see everything with your own eyes… </li></ul><ul><li>So…The United Kingdom invites you to the magic world of history and magnificence… </li></ul>