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Trends in International Student    Enrollments in the United States:           Open Doors® 2012Report on International Edu...
International Students in the U.S.   Annual survey of U.S. campuses’ international student    enrollments   Respondents:...
International Student Enrollment   Total international student enrollment in the U.S. increased 6%    in 2011/12 to a rec...
Academic Level Trends Undergraduate international students outnumbered graduateinternational students in 2011/12, the firs...
Places of Origin, 2011/12                            5
Top Places of Origin   China was the top place of origin again in 2011/12.   Students from the top 5 places of origin (C...
Top Three Places of Origin: Trends200,000                                                   China 194,029150,000100,000   ...
China: Trends by Academic Level100,000                                                          Graduate 80,000           ...
U.S. DestinationsThe top 3 host states (California, New York and Texas) hosted  32% of all international students in the U...
U.S. Host Institutions  The 200 U.S. institutions with 1,000 or more internationalstudents hosted 66% of all international...
Types of InstitutionsDoctorate-granting universities host 64% of international students.       500,000     63.7%       400...
Gender of International StudentsIn 2011/12, women comprised 44% of international students                                 ...
Fields of Study              Business and Management: 22%                     STEM Fields: 41%.                           ...
Fields of Study by Country, 2011/12                                         SouthField of Study           China   India   ...
Financial Contributions International students contributed over $22.7 billion to the U.S.  economy in 2011, according to ...
What Are Campuses Reporting for Fall 2012?   Snapshot of what 569 responding campuses observed at    the beginning of the...
New International Student Trends for Fall 2012      Continued growth in international student       enrollments in the U....
Drivers of Growth and Responses to ChallengesCampuses responding to Fall 2012 Survey report:   Major reasons for increase...
Project Atlas: Measuring Global Student MobilityBuilding a community of national exchange agencies & researcherswho share ...
Worldwide: A Growing PieWorldwide, there were over 4.1 million international students in        2010, a 10.8% increase ove...
Where Are the Students Going?                         2010 Total Int’l       2011 Total Int’lHost Country             Stud...
Top Host Countries’ International Enrollment as a Percentage        of Total Higher Education Enrollment, 2011
Major Issues Affecting Global Academic Mobility   Governments are investing in workforce development and    creating know...
Major Issues Affecting Global Academic Mobility   Countries in political/economic transition seek higher    education mod...
EducationUSA Resources for US Higher Education   Recruit & Enroll   Connect & Engage                                    ...
EducationUSA Resources for US Higher Education   EducationUSA Global Guide    – First EducationUSA publication for US    ...
iie.org/opendoorsData on academic mobility to and from the U.S.Educationusa.state.govServices of the State Department’s Ed...
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Trends in International Student Enrollment in the U.S.: Open Doors 2012

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At the 11th annual Washington International Education Conference in DC, I opened day 2 with a look at the 2012 Open Doors report key stats and facts as well as brief overview of EducationUSA services for U.S. higher education.

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Trends in International Student Enrollment in the U.S.: Open Doors 2012

  1. 1. Trends in International Student Enrollments in the United States: Open Doors® 2012Report on International Educational Exchange Marty Bennett EducationUSA Outreach Coordinator, IIE Washington International Education Conference Washington, DC January 29, 2013
  2. 2. International Students in the U.S. Annual survey of U.S. campuses’ international student enrollments Respondents: Accredited U.S. higher education institutions which host international students Timeframe: 2011/12 enrollments Definition: non-immigrant international students in the U.S. on temporary visas at the postsecondary level 2
  3. 3. International Student Enrollment Total international student enrollment in the U.S. increased 6% in 2011/12 to a record high of 764,495 international students. New international student enrollment increased 6.5% to 228,467 students. International students still comprise less than 4% of total U.S. higher education enrollment. 3
  4. 4. Academic Level Trends Undergraduate international students outnumbered graduateinternational students in 2011/12, the first time since 2000/01. 350,000 Undergrad 309,342 300,000 Graduate 300,430 250,000 200,000 150,000 90/91 95/96 00/01 05/06 10/11 4
  5. 5. Places of Origin, 2011/12 5
  6. 6. Top Places of Origin China was the top place of origin again in 2011/12. Students from the top 5 places of origin (China, India, South Korea, Saudi Arabia and Canada) comprise 56% of all international students. Double-digit percentage increases among the top 25 origins: China +23%, Saudi Arabia +50%, Iran +24%, Venezuela +14%, Spain +14% No double-digit declines among the top 25 6
  7. 7. Top Three Places of Origin: Trends200,000 China 194,029150,000100,000 India 100,270 South Korea 50,000 72,295 0 00/01 02/03 04/05 06/07 08/09 10/11 7
  8. 8. China: Trends by Academic Level100,000 Graduate 80,000 Undergrad 60,000 40,000 20,000 Non-degree 0 00/01 02/03 04/05 06/07 08/09 10/11 8
  9. 9. U.S. DestinationsThe top 3 host states (California, New York and Texas) hosted 32% of all international students in the U.S. in 2011/12. 9
  10. 10. U.S. Host Institutions The 200 U.S. institutions with 1,000 or more internationalstudents hosted 66% of all international students in 2011/12. 34% Institutions Hosting Fewer than 1,000 International Students 95% 66% Institutions Hosting 1,000 or More International Students 5% Total Students Total Institutions 10
  11. 11. Types of InstitutionsDoctorate-granting universities host 64% of international students. 500,000 63.7% 400,000 300,000 200,000 17.3% 11.5% 100,000 4.0% 3.6% 0 Doctorate- Masters Colleges Baccalaureate Associates Special Focus granting and Universities Colleges Colleges Institutions Universities 11
  12. 12. Gender of International StudentsIn 2011/12, women comprised 44% of international students 12
  13. 13. Fields of Study Business and Management: 22% STEM Fields: 41%. Undeclared 3% Business & Management 22% Education 2% Engineering Humanities 2% 19% Agriculture 1% Math/ComputerSTEM Fields 9% Sciences Social Other 10% 9% Sciences Arts Intensive Health 9% 6% English 4% 5% 13
  14. 14. Fields of Study by Country, 2011/12 SouthField of Study China India KoreaBusiness/Management 28.7 14.1 16.8Education 1.7 0.6 3.2Engineering 19.6 36.7 12.2Fine/Applied Arts 3.8 1.3 11.1Health Professions 1.5 4.8 4.9Humanities 1.3 0.7 5.3Intensive English 2.8 0.1 4.3Math/Computer Science 11.2 21.7 5.1Physical/Life Sciences 9.9 11.4 7.8Social Sciences 7.7 3.2 11.5Other 9.6 4.3 14.6Undeclared 2.2 1.1 3.2Total 100% 100% 100% 14
  15. 15. Financial Contributions International students contributed over $22.7 billion to the U.S. economy in 2011, according to US Department of Commerce. 64% of international students (82% of undergraduates) rely primarily on personal and family funds to pay for their studies. U.S. College or University Foreign Govt/ 22% Univ. 6% Current Employment Personal & 5% Family Funds 64% Other Foreign Source 2% Other US Source 1% 15
  16. 16. What Are Campuses Reporting for Fall 2012? Snapshot of what 569 responding campuses observed at the beginning of the Fall 2012 term Joint online survey conducted October 1-19, 2012 among members of the following higher education organizations: AACC, AASCU, ACE, AAU, APLU, CGS, IIE and NAFSA 16
  17. 17. New International Student Trends for Fall 2012  Continued growth in international student enrollments in the U.S. (56 % report increases; 23% report declines).  Strong growth at the largest U.S. host institutions (77% of institutions hosting more than 1,000 students report increases).  Continued increases from China, Saudi Arabia, Brazil.  Possible small declines from India. 17
  18. 18. Drivers of Growth and Responses to ChallengesCampuses responding to Fall 2012 Survey report: Major reasons for increases: more active recruitment efforts; growing reputation and visibility of U.S. campuses abroad; more international linkages. Integrating Chinese students on U.S. campuses: respondents are adding ESL classes; increasing support services; and offering special workshops on academic, social and cultural issues. Responding to students affected by Arab Spring: providing scholarships and tuition waivers; short-term loans; housing/meals; on-campus employment. 18
  19. 19. Project Atlas: Measuring Global Student MobilityBuilding a community of national exchange agencies & researcherswho share accurate, comparable and timely student mobility data 19
  20. 20. Worldwide: A Growing PieWorldwide, there were over 4.1 million international students in 2010, a 10.8% increase over the previous year. 2010 2009 2005 1995 2000 19901975 1980 19850.8M 1.1M 1.1M 1.3M 1.7M 2.1M 3.0M 3.7M 4.1MSource: OECD Education at a Glance, 2012 20
  21. 21. Where Are the Students Going? 2010 Total Int’l 2011 Total Int’lHost Country Students Students Top Places of OriginUSA 723,277 764,495 China, India, South KoreaUnited Kingdom 455,600 480,755 China, India, USAChina 265,090 292,611 South Korea, USA, JapanFrance 283,621 288,544 Morocco, China, AlgeriaGermany 244,776 252,032 Turkey, China, RussiaAustralia 230,595 242,351 China, Malaysia, IndiaCanada 174,760 193,647 China, South Korea, IndiaJapan 141,774 138,075 China, South Korea, TaiwanSource: IIE’s Project Atlas – iie.org/projectatlas 21
  22. 22. Top Host Countries’ International Enrollment as a Percentage of Total Higher Education Enrollment, 2011
  23. 23. Major Issues Affecting Global Academic Mobility Governments are investing in workforce development and creating knowledge economies through  National scholarship programs to support education abroad  National scholarship programs to attract international students  Welcoming branch campuses or joint degree partnerships Among the countries which recently launched international scholarship initiatives are:  Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Argentina in Latin America;  Saudi Arabia, Libya, Kuwait, Iraq and Oman in the Middle East and North Africa  China, Japan, Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore in East Asia  Germany, France and Russia in Europe, as well as the European Commission’s regional and global mobility schemes 23
  24. 24. Major Issues Affecting Global Academic Mobility Countries in political/economic transition seek higher education models and partners Growing numbers of students affected by political disruptions and natural disasters at home and abroad To help, go to - www.iie.org/ESF www.iie.org/syria 24
  25. 25. EducationUSA Resources for US Higher Education Recruit & Enroll Connect & Engage 25
  26. 26. EducationUSA Resources for US Higher Education EducationUSA Global Guide – First EducationUSA publication for US higher education – Global summary of services – Regional breakdown of center activities & reach – Tips & trends in recruitment 26
  27. 27. iie.org/opendoorsData on academic mobility to and from the U.S.Educationusa.state.govServices of the State Department’s EducationUSA networkiie.org/projectatlasData on global student mobilityfacebook.com/IIEglobalLatest updates on IIE news & eventstwitter.com/IIEglobalQuick alerts on international education news & trendswww.iie.org/iienetworkResources for international education professionals

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