EducationUSA U S Higher Education System Explained


Published on

Meant for students and parents thinking about the U.S. as a destination for study.

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

EducationUSA U S Higher Education System Explained

  1. 1. A Primer on the U.S. Higher Education System Structure, Types of Institutions, Admissions, Financial Aid, and Campus Life
  2. 2. Quality <ul><li>U.S. colleges are known worldwide for the quality of their facilities, resources, and faculty. Accreditation systems ensure that institutions continue to maintain these standards. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Value <ul><li>A U.S. degree offers excellent value for the money. A wide range of tuition fees and living costs, plus some financial help from colleges, make study in the United States affordable for hundreds of thousands of international students each year. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Choice <ul><li>The U.S. education system features many types of institutions, academic and social environments, entry requirements, degree programs, and subjects in which you can specialize. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Flexibility <ul><li>U.S. universities and colleges offer flexibility in choice of courses, but more importantly there is also the option for students to move from institution to another. Completing the first two years of a degree at one institution, usually a community college, and then moving to another, is very common. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Definitions <ul><li>“ college,” “university,” and “institute” are used interchangeably to describe post-secondary institutions in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Associate’s degree – typically a 2-year program found most commonly at Community and/or Technical Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Bachelor’s degree – typically earned at a 4-year institution, basic requirement in order to study at the master’s or doctoral level </li></ul><ul><li>Master’s degree – anywhere from one to two years of study, 1 st graduate level degree </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral degree – can take 3-6 years or more beyond a bachelor’s or master’s, depending on the program.Research-intensive—highest degree possible </li></ul><ul><li>Professional degrees – typically law , medicine, pharmacy and dentistry (a type of graduate degree) </li></ul><ul><li>Undergraduate –associate’s or bachelor’s degree study </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate – master’s, specialist, or doctoral degree study </li></ul>
  7. 7. Variety <ul><li>4861 accredited institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>654 Public 4-year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1132 Public 2-year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1547 Private 4-year, non-profit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>490 Private 4-year, for-profit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>181 Private 2-year, non-profit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>857 Private 2-year, for-profit </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Enrollments <ul><li>Undergraduate 15,603,771 </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate/Professional 2,644,357 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL 18,248,128 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>57.2% of students enrolled in U.S. higher education are women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International students in US 2008-09 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>671,616 % of total enrollments 3.7% </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Degrees <ul><li>Associate’s 728,114 2% international </li></ul><ul><li>Bachelor’s 1,524,092 3% international </li></ul><ul><li>Master’s 604,607 11% international </li></ul><ul><li>Doctorate 60,616 28% international </li></ul><ul><li>Professional 90,064 2% international </li></ul>
  10. 10. Research <ul><li>$49,430,767,000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount of spending in 2006-07 by U.S. colleges and universities on research </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Fields of Study <ul><li>hundreds of choices of academic programs or “majors” at the undergraduate & graduate levels </li></ul><ul><li>For international students in the U.S.: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business & management 20.6% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering 17.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical & life sciences 9.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social sciences 8.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Math & computer science 8.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health profession 5.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine & applied arts 5.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensive English language 4.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanities 2.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture 1.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other/Undeclared 14.1% </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Costs <ul><li>Costs at U.S. institutions vary greatly and can include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tuition & fees, room & board, books & supplies, health insurance, travel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Average tuition costs range from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-year, Public Community Colleges: $2,402 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four-year, Public Institutions: $17,452 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four-year, Private Institutions: $25,143 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These costs represent the cost of studies alone; when lodging, personal expenses, transportation, and other expenses are taken into account, The College Board suggests the following annual student budgets: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Four-year, Public Institutions (out-of-state students): $25,200 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four-year, Private Institutions (residents): $34,132 </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Financial Aid <ul><li>Undergraduate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately 40% of 4-year institutions (i.e. 886) in the US offer at least $10,000 per year to qualified undergraduate international students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>352 schools offer more than $20,000/year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100+ schools offer more than $40,000/year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100+ colleges & universities provide full funding at the undergraduate level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Graduate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many more institutions offer full or near full funding at the graduate level in the form of assistantships & fellowships </li></ul></ul>