Research trends in educ.technologyMart Laanpere, head of the Centre for Educational Technology
Let’s discuss What is one research problem you would like to study in the domain of educational technology? How would you collect the data?
Comparative studies Research question: kas õppimine X vahendusel tagab paremad õpitulemused kui õppimine ilma X- ta? (X = radio, TV, video, transparencies, e-learning…) Research design: experiment, experimantal and control group, pre- and post-test T.Russell: No Significant Difference Phenomenon, 355 studies, resulting with: no difference How to interpret this result?
The great media debate Was launched early 1990-s, still active Richard Clarke: “Media will never influence learning!”, medium is merely a transport vehicle, which influences the learning no more than delivery truck changes the taste or nutrition quality of fruits it transports to shop Robert Kozma: this is wrong approach, we should rather ask: what are the actual and potential relationships between media and learning? Can we describe and understand those relationships? And can we create a strong and compelling influence of media on learning through improved theories, research, and instructional designs? Contemporary view: each tool have different affordacnes, selecting a tool affects; A.Maslow’s the Law of the Instrument: "if all you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail"
Alternative research approaches Norm Friesen: there are more option on methodological side From cultural studies: narrative research Post-cognitivist turn: action research, distributed cognition Phenomenology: interpreting experiences Critical and historical research: myths of e- learning, influence of military funding on e-learning From computer science: data mining, simulations, development research
Estonian studies Tiger in Focus (2001) ICT and school culture (2003) Tiger in Focus 2 (2004) IEA SITES (2007) ICT and other cross-curricular themes (2008) Laptop schools (2009) OECD PISA (2009) Vt. http://www.tiigrihype.ee/et/uuringud-ja-monitooring
Examples form PhD topics Kai Pata: Scaffolding of collaborative decision-making on environmental dilemmas Piret Luik: Efficient Characteristics of Educational Software in the case of electronic textbooks and drillsl Margus Pedaste: Problem solving in web-based learning environment Terje Väljataga: Learner Control and Responsibility: Expanding the Concept of Self-direction in Higher Education Kairit Tammets: A cross-border knowledge-management in teachers lifelong professional development Mart Laanpere: Pedagogy-driven design of virtual learning environments
New trends in educ. technology research E-portfolio, competence management Open Educational Resources, e-textbook, MOOC 1:1 computer use (incl. BYOD, m-learning) “Serious games”, gamification Learner models and recommender systems Digital learning ecosystems Learning analytics