Research trends in educational technology


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Research trends in educational technology

  1. 1. Research trends in educ.technologyMart Laanpere, head of the Centre for Educational Technology
  2. 2. Let’s discuss What is one research problem you would like to study in the domain of educational technology? How would you collect the data?
  3. 3. Comparative studies Research question: kas õppimine X vahendusel tagab paremad õpitulemused kui õppimine ilma X- ta? (X = radio, TV, video, transparencies, e-learning…) Research design: experiment, experimantal and control group, pre- and post-test T.Russell: No Significant Difference Phenomenon, 355 studies, resulting with: no difference How to interpret this result?
  4. 4. The great media debate Was launched early 1990-s, still active  Richard Clarke: “Media will never influence learning!”, medium is merely a transport vehicle, which influences the learning no more than delivery truck changes the taste or nutrition quality of fruits it transports to shop  Robert Kozma: this is wrong approach, we should rather ask: what are the actual and potential relationships between media and learning? Can we describe and understand those relationships? And can we create a strong and compelling influence of media on learning through improved theories, research, and instructional designs? Contemporary view: each tool have different affordacnes, selecting a tool affects; A.Maslow’s the Law of the Instrument: "if all you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail"
  5. 5. Alternative research approaches Norm Friesen: there are more option on methodological side  From cultural studies: narrative research  Post-cognitivist turn: action research, distributed cognition  Phenomenology: interpreting experiences  Critical and historical research: myths of e- learning, influence of military funding on e-learning From computer science: data mining, simulations, development research
  6. 6. Estonian studies Tiger in Focus (2001) ICT and school culture (2003) Tiger in Focus 2 (2004) IEA SITES (2007) ICT and other cross-curricular themes (2008) Laptop schools (2009) OECD PISA (2009) Vt.
  7. 7. Examples form PhD topics Kai Pata: Scaffolding of collaborative decision-making on environmental dilemmas Piret Luik: Efficient Characteristics of Educational Software in the case of electronic textbooks and drillsl Margus Pedaste: Problem solving in web-based learning environment Terje Väljataga: Learner Control and Responsibility: Expanding the Concept of Self-direction in Higher Education Kairit Tammets: A cross-border knowledge-management in teachers lifelong professional development Mart Laanpere: Pedagogy-driven design of virtual learning environments
  8. 8. New trends in educ. technology research  E-portfolio, competence management  Open Educational Resources, e-textbook, MOOC  1:1 computer use (incl. BYOD, m-learning)  “Serious games”, gamification  Learner models and recommender systems  Digital learning ecosystems  Learning analytics
  9. 9. Examples
  10. 10. Assignment Now, re-define your research problem and method for a study which would interest you personally in the domain of educational technology!