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Deer Leap

Presented in Open Classroom Conference, Porto

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Deer Leap

  1. 1. Deer Leap: the National Strategy for ICT in Georgian Schools Mart Laanpere, Tallinn University Merab Labadze
  2. 2. Georgia <ul><li>One of the poorest ex-Soviet countries </li></ul><ul><li>4,5 mln population, located in South Caucasus, mountains higher than 5000 m </li></ul><ul><li>Independence in 1992, civil war </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003: the “rose revolution” brought president Saakashvili in power </li></ul><ul><li>Radical measures to fight corruption and build democratic civil society </li></ul><ul><li>Special relations with Estonia and other Baltic states </li></ul>
  3. 3. ICT in Georgian schools 2004 <ul><li>Many schools without stable electricity </li></ul><ul><li>250 pupils per computer, no Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Only old second-hand computers, donated by foreign organisations or politicians </li></ul><ul><li>No coordination, no teacher training, no digital resources, no educational software </li></ul><ul><li>Few enthusiasts (I*earn, programming competitions, MS Office courses) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Tiger Leap in Estonia: 1997-2008 <ul><li>National school computerisation programme </li></ul><ul><li>Financed from state budget 1997-2008 (about 3-4 MUSD per year) </li></ul><ul><li>All school were equipped with computers and connected to Internet by 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>65% teachers were trained to use ICT by 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Educational software & services </li></ul><ul><li>Some parallel projects (Phare, Soros, Nordic) </li></ul><ul><li>Wider societal impact: e-Estonia, ID-card, e-elections </li></ul>
  5. 5. Deer Leap in Georgia <ul><li>Was initiated by a group of Ministry officials who attended a course organised by Estonian E-governance Academy </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation of Tiger Leap strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Straight to Web 2.0, skipping some steps </li></ul><ul><li>Deer Leap Foundation as a coordinating agency </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated action lines: infrastructure, teacher education, content, curriculum, projects, support </li></ul><ul><li>Only Linux-based computers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Main goals of Deer Leap <ul><li>Essential ICT skills for students, preparing workforce for new century </li></ul><ul><li>Raising the quality of education, modernising curricula and learning materials </li></ul><ul><li>New didactics, active learning, integrating different subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible learning, access to quality teaching, special needs education </li></ul><ul><li>Opening the schools up to community and world </li></ul>
  7. 7. Results by 2008 <ul><li>30000 new computers, P/C ratio: 36 </li></ul><ul><li>Internet to schools: 60% pupils have access </li></ul><ul><li>School projects, Web environments, </li></ul><ul><li>23 000 teachers (33%) passed IT courses, advanced InTech course was adapted from US Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Digital learning resources: literature, environment </li></ul><ul><li>IT managers hired by majority of schools </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility in society </li></ul>
  8. 8. Monitoring survey 2008 <ul><li>Inspired by SITES and Tiger in Focus study </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic sample: 167 schools out of 667 that received computer labs in the first phase of DL </li></ul><ul><li>Questionnaires: 3 teachers, principal, IT- manager </li></ul><ul><li>Results: positive attitude, more computers needed, need for support, blaming Linux in all sorts of problems </li></ul>
  9. 9. The new strategy DL+ 2009-2012 <ul><li>Goals of Deer Leap Plus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>access to computers and Internet for every pupil, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT skills for all pupils, teachers and principals, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collaboration between schools, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>digitally enriched learning environment, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>integration of ICT into curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indirect impact of the August war with Russia: in December 2008 DLF was reorganised, the future of DL+ remains unclear </li></ul>
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