Beyond the LMS


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Presentation at the Adobe Connect Webinar 16 Oct 2013 organised by OER Sverige,

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Beyond the LMS

  1. 1. Beyond the LMS:  OER, PLE and Digital Learning Ecosystems Mart Laanpere :: head of the Centre for Educational Technology, Tallinn University, Estonia A Webinar by OER Sverige, 16 October 2013 ::
  2. 2. E-learning strategies in Estonia SCHOOLS Computerisation, internet ICT integration, competencies E-learning, OER, ICT innovation 1:1 computing, E-textbooks, Pilot schools Tiger Leap strategy Tiger Leap + strategy Learning Tiger strategy LLL strategy 2014-2020 HIGHER EDUCATION 1997 2000 2003 E-university consortium First e-courses in WebCT 2006 consortium ESF-funded programs: OER, e-courses, staff training 2009 2014 FITE strategy Digital competences infrastructure, resources
  3. 3. Institutions consolidated to FITE in 2013  Tiger Leap Foundation (1997-2013,  Tiger Trainers, courses, regional training centres  Grants: ICT innovation, research, OER, software, portal, repository  Programmes: robotics, science, handicraft, animation, coding  (NREN): ISP, virtual hosting (Wordpress, Mediawiki, Joomla, Moodle, Limesurvey, CMSimple, HTML)  Estonian IT Foundation (  Consortia: E-university, E-vocschool  Conferences, staff training, newsletters, networking, support  Large-scale ESF-funded programmes: OER, repository, LMS hosting
  4. 4. LMS and OER in Estonia  WebCT: since 1997 in UT & TLU, national license 2003-2009  VIKO (since 2001, built by CET): 70 schools  IVA (2003-14, built by CET): 28 schools & colleges, 4800 courses  Moodle:  One central/national instance: 98 000 users, 5900 courses  Tartu University institutional instance: 25 243 users, 2250 courses  School instances hosted by EENet HaViKe service  Blogs & wikis: around 1% of teachers use, primary teachers lead  OER repositories:,
  5. 5. Discussion  Where do you keep the largest amount of your self- developed digital learning resources?  Inside LMS (e.g. Moodle)  In the institutional repository  In the national repository  In a global OER repository  Scattered around in social media, services etc  Elsewhere (specify in chat)  I have not developed any digital learning resources
  6. 6. Geels 2002
  7. 7. Mobile communication generations
  8. 8. Moodle servers: global stats
  9. 9. Three generations of TEL systems Dimension 1.generation 2.generation Software architecture Educational software Course management Digital Learning systems Ecosystems Pedagogical foundation Bihaviorism Content management Integrated with code Learning Objects, content packages Mash-up, remixed, user-generated Dominant affordances E-textbook, drill & practice, tests Sharing LO’s, forum discussions, quiz Reflections, collab. production, design Access Computer lab in school Home computer Everywhere – thanks to mobile devices Cognitivism 3.generation Knowledge building, connectivism
  10. 10. Dialectics of TEL system evolution  THESIS: mainstream TEL systems today are LMS (e.g. Moodle)  ANTITHESIS: innovators among academic staff are radically opposing LMS and propose using PLE and social media instead  SYNTHESIS: new quality, taking the best from both worlds. Digital Learning Ecosystem? 1.2. Participatory design 1.3. Evaluation IVA LMS 1.1 Initial ped. framework Pedagogy-driven design 2.2. Participatory design 3.3. Participatory action research 2.3. Case studies Blog-based PLE ! 2.1. Experimenting with blogs User-centered design 3.4. Generic ped. model for DLE 3.2. Updated ped. framework Dippler DLE 3.1. Participatory design
  11. 11. Discussion  What do you think about claimed generation shift in TEL systems?  There will be no changes, LMS will stay mainstream  LMS will change and improve  PLE will replace LMS  New type of TEL systems will emerge  Digital Learning Ecosystems will replace LMS  Other (specify in chat)
  12. 12. Digital Learning Ecosystem  Ecosystem (biol.) is a community of living organisms (plants, animals and microbes) in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment (e.g. air, water, light and soil), interacting as a system. Nutricion cycle, energy flow, self-regulation  DLE is an adaptive socio-technical system consisting of mutually interacting digital agents (tools, services, content used in learning process) and communities of users (learners, facilitators, trainers, developers) together with their social, economical and cultural environment.
  13. 13. Dippler as DLE  Core services (digital specimen): BackOffice (BOS wsdl), Wordpress as PLE, Learning Object Repository, online testing service Questr, institutional client, mobile clients  Secondary services: social media (SlideShare, YouTube), identity management (to come: concept mapping, 6 thinking hats)  User communities: learners, facilitators, administrative staff, software developers  Adaptive: institutions and users can expand and adapt the ecosystem  Self-regulation: users can change affiliation, design learning paths  Learning analytics: annotating with domain-specific categories
  14. 14. Software implementation Learner's Wordpress with Dippler plugin BOS Middleware: BackOffice Service Dippler: institutional client, teacher's tool WS Blog Widgets Profile HTTP Users Activities Categories RSS Courses Analytics Course page Courses Institutional Social media IOS app: mobile client All courses Featured My courses Cloud Storage Types of tasks: Post Structured post Artefact (file) Discussion Self-test Test Group task Offline task Summary Course info Outcomes Announcem. Participants Groups Resources Tasks Settings
  15. 15. Conclusion  LMS and OER in Estonia: consolidation vs institutionalisation  Conceptual framework for Digital Learning Ecosystems as the next-generation TEL systems  Illustrated by a case study: design and development of Dippler (Distributed Portfolio-based Personal Learning Ecosystem)  The next steps: enhancing adaptivity and self-regulation of Dippler DLE, pedagogical model, advanced learning analytics
  16. 16.  How well does the ecosystem metaphor work for you?  It is confusing, does not help  I prefer to use familiar vocabulary (LMS, PLE)  I like it, DLE captures the main idea of generation shift beyond LMS  I have to think about it