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Outlook and Update on Sulphur Fertilizer Use               in Brazil, Argentina and Other Southern               Cone Coun...
An Outlook and Update on Sulphur Fertilization                                                                            ...
Is sulphur important in Brazilian Agriculture?                                          What about sulphur in Argentine ag...
What about Argentine fertilizer potential?                                                                                ...
Paraguay                                                                                                                  ...
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Sulphur fertilization in brazil and argentina. sulphur world symposium 2011

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Sulphur fertilization in brazil and argentina. sulphur world symposium 2011

  1. 1. Outlook and Update on Sulphur Fertilizer Use in Brazil, Argentina and Other Southern Cone Countries Martin Torres Duggan; Tecnoagro S.R.L. • Senior Consultant with Tecnoagro S.R.L. • Agronomic Engineer degree, a Soil Fertility Specialization degree and a Master of Science in Soil Science from the University of Buenos Aires. • Has published many technical and divulgation articles related to soil fertility and nutrient management • Participated in soil fertility and fertilization management research with the National Institute of Agricultural Technology Presented by Martin Torres Duggan at The Sulphur Institutes (TSI)Sulphur World Symposium on April 11-14, 2011 in New York, New York USA Martin Torres Duggan - Page 1 of 5
  2. 2. An Outlook and Update on Sulphur Fertilization OutlineManagement Practices and Market Opportunities in Brazil and Argentina. 1. Overview of fertilizer use. Martín Torres Duggan1 & Mónica B. Rodríguez2 1. Tecnoagro S.R.L (Argentina). mtorresduggan@tecnoagro.com.ar 2. University of Buenos Aires (Argentina). 2. Current sulphur fertilization management on cropping systems. 3. Sulphur fertilizer trends and outlook. Brazil and Argentina fertilizer consumption Fertilizer Consumption in Southern Cone countries Uru gu ay; 9% Brazil 76% of South America Parag uay; fertilizer consumption 10,58% Southern Cone region Bolivia Paraguay Ch ile ; 19,35% Arg e n tin a; 60% Pacific Ocean Argentina Boliv ia; 0,94% Chile Uruguay 60% of Southern Cone fertilizer consumption Atlantic Ocean The overall fertilizer consumption is about 2.83 million MT (N+P2O5+K2O) Adapted from García & Salvagiotti (2009) Presented by Martin Torres Duggan at The Sulphur Institutes (TSI) Sulphur World Symposium on April 11-14, 2011 in New York, New York USA Martin Torres Duggan - Page 2 of 5
  3. 3. Is sulphur important in Brazilian Agriculture? What about sulphur in Argentine agriculture? Soil fertility constraints in Brazil Major soils are tropical and Most “Pampas” soils are S- sub-tropical deficient Most soils are S deficient S is applied together with N and P. Widespread N, P and K fertilization High restriction About 40%- 50% of cropped land Restrictive Moderate restrictive receives S fertilization Low restrictions S fertilization has recently Without restriction received more attention Only 40% of S removed in grains Impressive extension: is replenished by fertilization Yield responses to S application: 8.5 million km2! 11% - 41%. Pampas regionImage from Roberts, 2009. Image adapted from Darwich (2005), Lavado & Taboada, 2009 Current sulphur management in Brazil & Argentina Is there any doubt about Brazilian fertilizer potential? Sources Austria Hungary Rumania Holland Lituania Italy Poland Estonia Checoslovaquia Duluth Mato Grosso France AS, SPS and gypsum Irlanda Greece Belgium Ukraine Albania Bosnia Des Moines Columbus Croacia New “Sulphur Enhanced Fertilizers” Portugal Spain Macedonia CornOeste (E. U. A) Meio belt (USA) Bulgaria Iceland UK Yugoslavia Nashville Germany Norway Clear upward trend towards bulk blends and “multi-nutrient” fertilizers Letonia Finland Switzerland Denmark Bielo Rússia Sweden Image from Coelho (John Deere, 2001). S rates Fonte: J. L. Coelho, John Deere, 2001. Image from Coelho (John Deere, 2001). Fonte: J. L. Coelho, John Deere, 2001. Index Brazil (10-20 to 40 kg/ha of S) 500 Index 100= 72/73 450 53,1 million MT 400 1,75 million MT Argentina (15-20 kg/ha of S) 350 300 Crop production 250 Application methods 200 150 02/03 Fertilizer consumption 182,6 million MT Brazil: higher agronomic effiency when S is banded (at sowing) 100 (N-P2O5-K2O) 7,68 million MT 50 0 Argentina: broadcast = banded = topdressing. 70/71 75/76 80/81 85/86 90/91 95/96 00/01 08/09 08/09 Ano Fonte: ANDA,from Lopez et al. (2007) and Da Cunha (2010) Adapted FIBGE, 2003. Presented by Martin Torres Duggan at The Sulphur Institutes (TSI) Sulphur World Symposium on April 11-14, 2011 in New York, New York USA Martin Torres Duggan - Page 3 of 5
  4. 4. What about Argentine fertilizer potential? Current sulphur consumption and prospects 1400 Brazil Forecast ~4% of annual growth Sulphur Consumption (x 1000 MT) 1200 Crop production (x 1000 ton) 1000 Current S consumption 800 ~ 1 million MT of S Continuous Soy 600 Sugarcane Cotton Continuous Soy Wheat/Soy 400 Soy – Corn Sunflower/Soy Pastures Wheat/Soy Rice - Pastures 200 Soy - Rice Continuous Soy 0 Wheat/Soy 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2015 Pastures Corn – Wheat/Soy Continuous Soy Corn – Soy - Wheat/Soy Corn - Soy Pastures 180 Wheat – Sunflower Forecast ~15-18% of annual growth Corn – Wheat/Soy Argentina Sulphur Consumption (x 1000 MT) 160 Corn – Soy - Wheat 140 Pastures Wheat – Sunflower Current S consumption 120 Wheat – Barley Wheat - Fallow ~ 120-130.000 MT of S 100 Corn – Soy - Wheat 80 60 40 20 Image from Garcia, IPNI (Southern Cone). 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2015 IPNI, Southern Cone (from Fertilizar AC). What about other Southern Cone countries? 250000 Chile Uruguay 450000 Nutrient Consumption (MT) 200000 400000 Nutrient Consumption (m tons) Stabilized fertilizer consumption 350000 Upward trend in fertilizer 150000 (“Mature” market). 300000consumption. 250000 100000 200000 50000 Current fertilizer consumption: 150000 Current fertilizer consumption: 532.000 MT (N+P2O5+K2O). 100000 0 50000328.000 MT (N+P2O5+K2O). 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 0 K P N 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 IPNI, Southern Cone. Widespread N, P and K fertilization. K P N IPNI, Southern Cone. Widespread N and P fertilization. Application/removal ratio 6,00 5,00 4,00 Sulphate fertilizer use under fertigation systems (e.g. vegetables, fruit crops). Recent evidences of K deficiencies. 3,00 2,00 Gypsum application in acidic and sodic soils. 1,00 Yield response to S in specific 0,00conditions (e.g. sandy soils). 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Recent agronomic experiences on S fertilization in some crops and pastures. N P K IPNI, Southern Cone. Presented by Martin Torres Duggan at The Sulphur Institutes (TSI) Sulphur World Symposium on April 11-14, 2011 in New York, New York USA Martin Torres Duggan - Page 4 of 5
  5. 5. Paraguay Main trends in fertilizer use in Brazil, Argentina and other Southern Cone countries Fertilizer consumption (MT) 200000 Recent growth in fertilizer 150000consumption (mainly P). Steady consumption of sulphate fertilizers (Brazil & Argentina). 100000 50000 Current fertilizer consumption: Increasing demand of bulk blends and compound fertilizers 0291.000 MT (N+P2O5+K2O). 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 (Brazil & Argentina). N P2O5 K2O IPNI, Southern Cone. Upward trend in liquid S fertilizer demand (Argentina). Agriculture expansion(east regions). Increasing demand of “Sulphur Enhanced Fertilizer” Soybean market expansion (opportunity for P and S). (Brazil & Argentina). Soybean expansion (P and S market potential) (Brazil, Bolivia Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay). Current fertilizer consumption is quite low (29.000 MT of N+P2O5+K2O). Major challenges for the future Gaps between present and potential yields (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay). Negative nutrient balances (Argentina, Paraguay). Thank you!! Low N and limestone application rates (Brazil). Poor logistic infrastructure (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay). Concern about agro-ecosystems’ sustainability (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay). Presented by Martin Torres Duggan at The Sulphur Institutes (TSI) Sulphur World Symposium on April 11-14, 2011 in New York, New York USA Martin Torres Duggan - Page 5 of 5

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