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Juan Martín López-Calva.
juanmartin.lopez@upaep.mx
María del Carmen de la Luz Lanzagorta.
marucha_delaluz@yahoo.com.mx
UPA...
Judgment
of value
Judgment
of fact
The problem of modern
science
Judgment
of fact
“Objective”
Axiologically
neutral
Judgment
of value
Subjective
Axiological
...
Axiological neutrality of
science
However, scientific knowledge
has always ethical foundations
and consequences
Judgment of fact
(Knowledge)
Judgment of val...
Scientific knowledge and ethical
responsibility
“A third determination of the notion of judgment
is that it involves a per...
Ethics and research
(Products)
Knowledge
generation
(The goal of
research)
Ethical
dimension
(Implications of
the knowledg...
Scientific research needs ethically worthwhile ends and
valid means
Ethics and research (Process)
Knowledge
produced by
sc...
Conceptions of researchers who are members
of the National Research System (SNI) in a
Mexican private university.
Juan Mar...
Research subjects
Gender
Number
of
research
subjects
SNI Level Number of
research subjects
Age Years as
members of SNI Sci...
Research tools and analysis
Semistructured interview
-The interview guide is founded on theoretical contributions
by Edgar...
Results
Conceptions about professional
ethics in scientific research
• There is agreement that in general, professional ethics is ...
Relationship between scientific
knowledge and professional
ethics
• Researchers generally agree with a disagreement about ...
Categories Criteria and professional values ​​that should guide the research activity
Research process Attachment and love...
Some conclusions
• It can be said that there is a full agreement among researchers in
the conception of professional ethic...
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Professional ethics and scientific research: conceptions of researchers who are members of the National Research System (SNI) in a mexican private university

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Juan Martín López-Calva.
juanmartin.lopez@upaep.mx

María del Carmen de la Luz Lanzagorta. marucha_delaluz@yahoo.com.mx
UPAEP Puebla, México

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Professional ethics and scientific research: conceptions of researchers who are members of the National Research System (SNI) in a mexican private university

  1. 1. Juan Martín López-Calva. juanmartin.lopez@upaep.mx María del Carmen de la Luz Lanzagorta. marucha_delaluz@yahoo.com.mx UPAEP Puebla, México
  2. 2. Judgment of value Judgment of fact
  3. 3. The problem of modern science Judgment of fact “Objective” Axiologically neutral Judgment of value Subjective Axiological implications
  4. 4. Axiological neutrality of science
  5. 5. However, scientific knowledge has always ethical foundations and consequences Judgment of fact (Knowledge) Judgment of value (Ethics)
  6. 6. Scientific knowledge and ethical responsibility “A third determination of the notion of judgment is that it involves a personal commitment…A judgment is the responsibility of the one that judges. It is a personal commitment” • (Lonergan,1978, p. 272)
  7. 7. Ethics and research (Products) Knowledge generation (The goal of research) Ethical dimension (Implications of the knowledge produced in terms of human good or evil)
  8. 8. Scientific research needs ethically worthwhile ends and valid means Ethics and research (Process) Knowledge produced by scientific research (Purposes of research activity) Process of knowledge generation (means of research activity)
  9. 9. Conceptions of researchers who are members of the National Research System (SNI) in a Mexican private university. Juan Martín López Calva juanmartin.lopez@upaep.mx, Martha Leticia Gaeta González marthaleticia.gaeta@upaep.mx, María del Carmen De la Luz Lanzagorta mariadel.delaluz@upaep.mx, Paulina Iturbide Fernández paulina.iturbide@upaep.mx Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla, México.
  10. 10. Research subjects Gender Number of research subjects SNI Level Number of research subjects Age Years as members of SNI Scientific area (CONACyT) Number of research subjectsMean Std. Dev. Mean Std. Dev. Female 5 Candidate 1 47.4 8.26 5.0 2.55 3 1 Level 1 4 4 5 6 1 1 2 Male 10 Candidate 1 44.0 11.34 3.4 3.36 2 1 Level 1 9 2 4 5 7 1 3 4 1 CONACYT Scientific areas: 2. Biology and Chemistry; 3. Medicine and Health; 4. Humanities and behavioral sciences 5. Social Sciences; 6. Biotechnology and Agricultural sciences; 7. Engineering
  11. 11. Research tools and analysis Semistructured interview -The interview guide is founded on theoretical contributions by Edgar Morin (2001, 2006) and Francois Vallaeys (2014), in addition to previous research about professional ethics. -All the interviews were recorded on audio, following an ethical protocol for obtaining and processing information -Content analysis
  12. 12. Results
  13. 13. Conceptions about professional ethics in scientific research • There is agreement that in general, professional ethics is simply the application of ethics within the scope of practice of a profession. • It means to adhere to standards and moral values; not cheating; being authentic, honest and self-critical; working with much rigor in processing and analyzing information and giving credit and recognition to all those involved in a research process. • Consulting primitive original query documents or bibliographic sources and meticulousness in the case of researchers working in the field of history of different disciplines, the need to document all sources used, respecting the values of each person. • Professional ethics is seen as the signing of an implicit contract between the institution and the researcher to regulate his or her behavior, the way the researcher works and the way he or she gets the job done. • Most respondents agree that the researcher must be ethical not only as a scholar but as a person. • One of the researchers identifies professional ethics as "doing things right " but equates doing things right to working objectively and ”to follow the scientific method“. • Recognizing the dignity of the research subjects is another element of ethical behavior identified by the researchers of our sample.
  14. 14. Relationship between scientific knowledge and professional ethics • Researchers generally agree with a disagreement about the view of axiological neutrality of scientific knowledge and the idea that objective knowledge has no ethical implications. – On one hand responses that suggest that if a researcher strictly follows the scientific method, the results of their work will necessarily be ethical. One the other hand, responses who problematize this relationship mentioned things like " ... even the most abstract things ... there is always a kind of ethical imperative”. – Some more researchers identify certain standards that are considered characteristic of objective science as ethical standards. – Another group of responses postulate that some rules of formal logic (say only the necessary and no more, say only what is true, say things understandably) are ethical rules. • It is also interesting that researchers identify the relationship between scientific knowledge and ethics through the commitment of the search for truth, even if what is discovered as true does not match expectations or personal positions. – "Even if it is contrary to my beliefs, my prior knowledge , or should I keep trueness and that is something that should prevail in any investigation regardless of what the case ... " – The obligation not to manipulate the data obtained from the process of generating knowledge.
  15. 15. Categories Criteria and professional values ​​that should guide the research activity Research process Attachment and love of truth Transparency and objectivity Innovation, genuineness and significant contribution to the field of knowledge Rigor , clarity , brevity and elegance Ethical information management social , financial institution and responsibility Avoid repeating unnecessary experiments Subjects / objects of study Ethical conduct research subjects using Offer something in return to those who participate as research subjects Use letter of informed consent Protect and preserve human dignity Respect to living beings including animals or cell samples Researcher Respect the dignity of persons Consider the community aspect of research : work in team bonding and alliances . A correct citation Consider family values ​​and the institution Maturity / Stubbornness Empathy towards the other Autonomy Generosity / share information not transgress having opening intellectual honesty Justice Humility, simplicity and willingness to receive criticism Have not only economic but scientific interest Integrity in research
  16. 16. Some conclusions • It can be said that there is a full agreement among researchers in the conception of professional ethics while a wealth of nuances in interpretation. • The agreement focuses on understanding professional ethics as compliance with certain rules relating to the common good in the researcher's work , which are based on the principle of respect for the dignity of every person. • This implies related rigor in the query and data analysis behaviors, to give credit to all those who contribute to a research project and to the sources used, to think about the impact of the findings on the research subjects involved and on the society in general and to consider as a priority the positive impact on human and justice that all scientific work must have regardless of the discipline. • Coincidence is seen in their thinking that most of their colleagues carry out their research work in an ethical manner, while recognizing that there are unfortunately some others that do not, which affects the desirable social commitment of research activity.

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