Breaking the trap: CGIAR experiences in resilience research

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Presentation by Alain Vidal, CGIAR Consortium at the Resilience 2014 conference in Montpellier.

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Breaking the trap: CGIAR experiences in resilience research

  1. 1. Breaking the trap: CGIAR experiences in resilience research Alain Vidal Resilience 2014, Montpellier
  2. 2. Resilience, cattle and termites S SWater depletion, grazing pressure, loss of soil organic matter Manure applied through night corralling provides a preferred diet for the termites Wet Season: Dry matter 4.5 T/ha 9 species / m² Wet Season: Dry matter 0 T/ha 0 species / m²
  3. 3. CPWF’s resilience lens • Facing situations where social-ecological systems trapped on undesirable low-productive pathways • Research cannot halt the factors contributing to agricultural land degradation (climate change, population growth, and migration) • CPWF refocused on increasing the resilience of social and ecological systems through better water management for food production
  4. 4. Regime shifts - moving upwards while preventing falling over the edge
  5. 5. BSMs in the Andes trigger change between alternate resilient states S Annual net income: US$ 2,183/ha Annual net income: US$ 1,870/ha Conservation agriculture and paramo restoration supported by revolving fund Farmers‘ insufficient gain and risk aversion: only 11% converted Revolving fund credit: +180 farmers /year Potato cropping, grazing pressure, degradation of paramo
  6. 6. Goats markets in Zimbabwe improve farmers’ resilience S SRecurrent droughts, increasing climate variability, poor connection to markets Improved livestock: US$ 50 per goat Goat mortality down to 10% Rainfed maize cropping: US$16/ha Livestock: US$10 per goat Local markets Producers self-esteem Improved rangeland production replacing US$15 / goat of stock feed value
  7. 7. Fair enough but… How about traps ?
  8. 8. Resilience traps identified by CPWF • Risk traps  High risk situations (eg drought, health risk, financial collapse) reduce internal incentives to invest in the system • Consumption/production traps  Rate of bio-resources consumption too close to the production rate  Resource mining
  9. 9. Resilience traps identified by CPWF • Variability traps  Small investments do take place but variability (eg climate) and resulting losses of capital limit development changes • Resource access traps  Despite high productivity farmers have too small land lots which results in a cap of revenues
  10. 10. Resilience traps identified by CPWF • Policy traps  Disenabling policies and lack of transparency prevents markets and resources being used effectively • Cultural traps  Mindsets prevent change, eg “food security means production not income”
  11. 11. Concluding questions • Are we ready to test how resilience thinking could help stop digging and identify pathways to sustainable intensification? • Has anyone been successful using a ‘resilience lens’ to get an ecosystem and/or a poor community out of any of these traps?

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