JURE 2010

540 views

Published on

The Influence of an Individual’s Hierarchical Position on their Activity and Performance

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
540
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
7
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

JURE 2010

  1. 1. Diversity in Communities of Learning The Influence of an Individual’s Hierarchical Position on their Activity and Performance Martin Rehm JURE 2010, Frankfurt 21st of July, 2010
  2. 2. http://www.neurosoftware.ro/programming-blog/wp-content/plugins/wp-o-matic/cache/3e874_Toy-Story-2-pixar-116966_1024_768.jpg
  3. 3. http://disney.go.com/toystory/
  4. 4. Organizational Training • contributing to the competitive advantage of organizations (e.g. Nonaka, 1994) • traditional methodologies are neutral to circumstances (e.g. Eraut, 2000) • superiority of collaborative learning methods “hothouse for new ideas and thoughts” (Schlager, Fusco & Schank, 2002)
  5. 5. Community of Learning (CoL) • “engaging in collaborative learning and reflective practice involved in transformative learning” (Paloff & Pratt, 2003, p. 17) “ins-and-outs” “Expert” “Novice” “up-to-date”
  6. 6. Diversity + sharing of experiences & effectively processing new information (Jehn & Bezrukova, 2004) - create varying degrees of anxiety inhibiting cognitive functioning (Jehn, 1995)
  7. 7. Hierarchial Position • “major obstacle to collaborative learning processes” (Romme, 1996) • ambiguous findings • replicate behaviour (e.g. Thomas-Hunt, et al., 2003) • “break free” (e.g. Edmondson, Bohmer & Pisano, 2001)
  8. 8. Hierarchical Position Community of Learning (CoL) Activity Performance
  9. 9. Setting • Global organizational training program (“Economics”) • 14 weeks of e-Learning • 27 CoLs • 235 participants – 80 “Low” position – 89 “Middle” position – 66 “High” position • asynchronous discussions forums: – Café-Talk – Content-Related (real-life tasks)
  10. 10. Multimethod Approach 1. Hypotheses Test • Nonparametric 2. Regression • forced entry 3. Cluster Analysis • two-step
  11. 11. Controlling for … • Value diversity – Questionnaire • Informational diversity – Educational background – Pre-knowledge test • Social category diversity – Age, Gender, Ethnicity (e.g. Jehn, et al, 1999; Pelled, Eisenhardt & Xin, 1999; van den Bossche, et al., 2006)
  12. 12. Research Hypotheses • H1 - Activity: – Low < Middle < High “fear of speaking up and making mistakes in the group” (Edmondson, 2002, p. 139) • H2 - Performance: – Low < Middle < High “more senior managers are used to integrating new and diverse information” (Bunderson, 2003)
  13. 13. Hypotheses Tests & Regression Level of Activity / Performance “High” “Middle” “Low” Hierarchical Position
  14. 14. Cluster Analyses “Follower” “Leader”
  15. 15. Results • “Stars” – Leading CoLs irrespective of hierarchical position • Duality of “Low” – A small subset is not confining itself to merely following discussions
  16. 16. Implications & Next Steps • Anticipate behaviour – device collaborative learning activities – target specific groups social interaction and cognitive discourse • SNA dynamics / “one-way” vs. “reciprocal” • CA degree of knowledge creation & diffusion
  17. 17. Diversity in Communities of Learning The Influence of an Individual’s Hierarchical Position on their Activity and Performance Martin Rehm JURE 2010, Frankfurt 21st of July, 2010

×