EDiNEB 2010

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EDiNEB 2010

  1. 1. Diversity in Communities of Learning The Influence of Hierarchical Position on Individuals’Activity and Performance Martin Rehm EDiNEB 2010, London 10th of June, 2010
  2. 2. Organizational Training •contributing to the competitive advantage of organizations •traditional methodologies continue to dominate è ambiguous results •superiority of collaborative learning methods è“ hothouse for new ideas and thoughts” (Schlager, Fusco & Schank, 2002)
  3. 3. Community of Learning (CoL) •“engaging in collaborative learning and reflective practice involved in transformative learning” (Paloff & Pratt, 2003, p. 17) “ ins-and-outs” “ Expert” “ Novice” “ up-to-date”
  4. 4. Diversity + sharing of experiences & effectively processing new information (Jehn & Bezrukova, 2004) — create varying degrees of anxiety è inhibiting cognitive functioning (Jehn, 1995)
  5. 5. Hierarchial Position •“major obstacle to collaborative learning processes” (Romme, 1996) •ambiguous research results
  6. 6. Research Hypothesis • H1: Positive Relationship between Hierarchical Position & Level of Activity (Edmondson, 2006; Owens, et al., 2000; Yates & Orlikowski, 1992) • H2: Positive Relationship between Hierarchical Position & Performance (Bunderson, 2003b; Gijselaers, et al., 2006;)
  7. 7. Setting • Global training program (“ Economics” ) • 14 weeks of e-Learning • 30 CoLs • 264 participants – 90 “ Low”position – 100 “Middle”position – 74 “ High”position • asynchronous discussions forums: – Café-Talk – Content-Related (real-life tasks)
  8. 8. Hierarchial Position & Level of Activity 18,00 16,00 14,00 12,00 Average Contributions 10,00 Café-Talk Forum Content-Related Forums Total 8,00 6,00 4,00 2,00 0,00 "Low" "Middle" "High" http://disney.go.com/toystory/#/characters
  9. 9. Hierarchial Position & Performance 10,00 9,00 8,00 7,00 6,00 Average Grade Participation Grade 5,00 Exam Final Grade 4,00 3,00 2,00 1,00 0,00 "Low" Middle" "High" http://disney.go.com/toystory/#/characters
  10. 10. Implications • better able to anticipate behaviour • valuable input to design collaborative activities •è “ hothouse for new ideas and thoughts” (Schlager, Fusco & Schank, 2002)
  11. 11. Limitations & Future Research •“surface level measurements” (Stijbos, et al., 2006) •“subjective performance measurements” (DeChurch & Mesmer-Magnus, 2010) èSocial Network Analysis èContent Analysis èCluster Analysis

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