Do Hierarchical Positions Influence Participant’sNetwork Behaviour within Communities of Learning?                        ...
facilitating an interpersonal                                                  knowledge transfer among                   ...
Learning is an interactive process where participants withdiverse backgrounds collaboratively create knowledge withinsocia...
Communities of                                                     Learning (CoL) http://www.dentalblogs.com/assets/global...
Hierarchical Positions                                                 and their Impact on                                ...
VS.       http://hauptwort.at/wp-content/uploads/man-without-       face.jpg                                              ...
Research Hypotheses
• occupying high-level positions within an organization provides  individuals with an intrinsic attraction to lower level ...
• “contact between similar people occurs at a higher rate than  among dissimilar people”  (McPherson, Smith-Lovin, & Cook,...
Setting• online training program of a large international  organization• 14 weeks of online learning• 25 CoL   – 249 parti...
Instruments•   Social Network Analysis     –    Connectivity Measures          In-Degree          Out-Degree     –    Ex...
Read Network – including Hierarhical PositionsReply NetworkReply Network                                                 H...
- H1- H2
E-I Index : Read-Networks                                                             E-I Index : Reply-Networks          ...
Conclusions• Read Networks  equally distributed• Reply Networks  significant differences in participants’  network measu...
rehm@merit.unu.edu
Do Hierarchical Positions Influence Participant’s  Network Behaviour within Communities of Learning?
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Do Hierarchical Positions Influence Participant’s Network Behaviour within Communities of Learning?

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Do Hierarchical Positions Influence Participant’s Network Behaviour within Communities of Learning?

  1. 1. Do Hierarchical Positions Influence Participant’sNetwork Behaviour within Communities of Learning? Martin Rehm, Wim Gijselaers, Mien Segers AECT 2012, Louisville
  2. 2. facilitating an interpersonal knowledge transfer among employees constitutes a key building block in setting up organizational training initiatives (Argote and Ingram, 2000)http://basreus.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/social-currency.jpg?w=720
  3. 3. Learning is an interactive process where participants withdiverse backgrounds collaboratively create knowledge withinsocial networks. (Hakkarainen, Palonen, Paavola, & Lehtinen, 2004) &http://media.ascendworks.com/wp-content/uploads/collaborate.jpg http://www.webtrafficagents.com/i/network2.jpg
  4. 4. Communities of Learning (CoL) http://www.dentalblogs.com/assets/global-team.jpg• groups of people “engaging in collaborative learning and reflective practice involved in transformative learning” (Paloff and Pratt, 2003, p. 17) BUT• “the microcontext of concrete dialogical relationships cannot be understood without some concept of macroframes” (Hermans, 2001, p. 264)
  5. 5. Hierarchical Positions and their Impact on Online Learning Networkshttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/_BUuJl3ajKKs/SzjGsIU3QMI/AAAAAAAAAO8/er4WQCkpLuE/s400/birdstory.jpg
  6. 6. VS. http://hauptwort.at/wp-content/uploads/man-without- face.jpg http://www.johnlund.com/images/Get-The- Monkey-Off-Your-Back.jpg “deindividuation” “monkey on your back”(Weisband, Schneider, & Connolly, 1995, p. 1125) (e.g. Sutton, Neale, & Owens, 2000)
  7. 7. Research Hypotheses
  8. 8. • occupying high-level positions within an organization provides individuals with an intrinsic attraction to lower level management (Casciaro, 1998)• all organizational learning processes are subject to the influence of a dominant individual or group of individuals (Holmqvist, 2009, p. 279) Participants’ network measures will be positively related to their hierarchical position (H1 & 2)
  9. 9. • “contact between similar people occurs at a higher rate than among dissimilar people” (McPherson, Smith-Lovin, & Cook, 2001, p. 416)  Homophily• “making it easier for them tohave common ground and common understanding as they embark on work together” (Haythornthwaite, 2008, p. 148) Participants will tend to interact more with colleagues from the same hierarchical position. (H3)
  10. 10. Setting• online training program of a large international organization• 14 weeks of online learning• 25 CoL – 249 participants  ~ 10 participants per CoL – Hierarchical Positions: 82 “Low”, 93 “Middle”, 74 “High”• asynchronous discussions forums: – Café-Talk – Content-Driven (real-life tasks)
  11. 11. Instruments• Social Network Analysis – Connectivity Measures  In-Degree  Out-Degree – External – Internal Index  ranges from -1 (all ties are internal ) to +1 (all ties are external – Read- & Reply-Networks (Daradoumis, Martínez-Monés, & Xhafa, 2004)
  12. 12. Read Network – including Hierarhical PositionsReply NetworkReply Network High Middle Low
  13. 13. - H1- H2
  14. 14. E-I Index : Read-Networks E-I Index : Reply-Networks ,40,60,50 ,30,40,30 ,20,20,10 ,10,00 Interval 1 Interval 2 Interval 3 Interval 4 Interval 5 Interval 6 ,00 Interval 1 Interval 2 Interval 3 Interval 4 Interval 5 Interval 6 "Low" "Middle" "High" "Low" "Middle" "High" H3
  15. 15. Conclusions• Read Networks  equally distributed• Reply Networks  significant differences in participants’ network measures based on hierarchical position• No homophily  “neo-apprenticeship style learning” (Gannon-Leary & Fontainha, 2007, p. 3)
  16. 16. rehm@merit.unu.edu

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