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Martin Pastoors Science Of The Future 20091124


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Presentation at the EFARO meeting on the reform of the Common Fisheries Policy.

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Martin Pastoors Science Of The Future 20091124

  1. 1. Science of the future from traditional to modern science EFARO meeting on the Revision of the CFP, 24 November 2009, Ostend Martin Pastoors Wageningen UR Centre for Marine Policy
  2. 2. Is there a role for science in the future marine policies? Such a [all-embracing maritime] policy should be supported by excellence in marine scientific research, technology and innovation." Source: EC Marine and Maritime Research Strategy, 2008
  3. 3. Is there a role for the CFP in the future marine policies?
  4. 4. Trends in policy <ul><li>Integrated Maritime Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natura 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine Strategy Framework Directive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maritime (=Marine) Spatial Planning </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. So what is this “best available science”?
  6. 6. Traditional science: linking back to Merton (1942) <ul><ul><li>Universalism (impersonal criteria) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communism (owned by society) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disinterestedness (getting at the truth / peer review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized skepticism (exclude prejudice) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Example: TAC machine Merton in practice?
  8. 8. Example: Good-Environmental-Status
  9. 9. Credibility Salience Legitimacy Scientific plausibility Relevant and useable Unbiased, meeting standards
  10. 10. Modern Science = Post-Normal Science Funtowicz and Ravetz, 1993, 2008
  11. 11. Uncertainty will not go away !
  12. 12. Extended-peer community Quality control + transparency: +
  13. 13. Three main challenges: <ul><li>Reversing the burden of proof </li></ul><ul><li>New governance arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Transdisciplinary knowledge </li></ul>
  14. 14. Reversing burden of proof: from top-down to show-what-you-have Different roles of science: objectives, plans, verification
  15. 15. New governance arrangements: different roles for science
  16. 16. Legitimacy (acceptance) Participation Accountability (who to answer)
  17. 17. Transdisciplinary knowledge
  18. 18. Yes, there is a role of science in new marine policies....
  19. 19. ... but it is a different role: Facilitating instead of Judging Bron: Floor Quirijns, IMARES
  20. 20. Develop new institutional mechanisms for dealing with new challenges