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  1. 1. GREENGREEN TOURISMTOURISM Tourism &Tourism & HospitalityHospitality
  2. 2. Green Tourism . . . • is a term that can be applied to any form of tourism that relates to natural environment and cultural heritage of an area or that undertakes good environmental management (or green) practice. • is Sustainable Tourism - tourism which takes into account the needs of the environment, local residents, businesses, and visitors now and in the future.
  3. 3. other definitions… • being a tourist who is environmentally responsible as well as businesses which are providing environmentally friendly tourist’s facilities and services. • Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people • considering the impact of the individual tourists on the local and global environment
  4. 4. Philippine Rice Terraces "GMO-FREE ZONE" Genetically-Modified-Organism Vigan City Islands Mt. Province Ancestors’ Traditions Cultural Heritage Tawi-Tawi Mat Weavers
  5. 5. Natural Environment
  6. 6. CRITERIA for Rating GREEN TOURISM Compulsory - compliance with environmental legislation and a commitment to continuous improvement in environmental performance Management and Marketing - demonstrating good environmental management, including staff awareness, specialist training, monitoring, and record keeping of green feedback from guests Social Involvement and Communication - of environmental actions to customers through variety of channels and range of actions, e.g. green policy, promotion of environmental efforts on the website, education, and community and social projects Energy - efficiency of lighting, heating and appliance, insulation and renewable energy use, hot water systems Water - efficiency - e.g. good maintenance, low-consumption appliances, flush offset, rainwater harvesting, as well as using eco-cleaners Going Green, Bronze, Silver or Gold
  7. 7. Purchasing - environmentally friendly goods and services, e.g. products made from recycled materials, use and promotion of local & organic food and drink, vegetarian foods and etc. Waste - minimization by encouraging, the 'eliminate, reduce, reuse, recycle' principle, e.g. glass, paper, card, plastic and metal recycling; supplier take-back agreements; and composting Transport - aims to minimize visitors car use by promoting local and national public transport service, cycle hire, local walking and cycling option, carbon management use of alternative fuels Natural and Cultural Heritage - on site measures aimed at increasing biodiversity, e.g. wildlife gardening, growing native species, nesting boxes, as well as providing information for visitors on the wildlife on and around the site Innovation - any good and best practice actions to increase a business’s sustainability that are not covered else where
  8. 8. WHY GREEN TOURISM? • development of a world-wide societal consciousness about nature protection and appreciation • growing interest by individuals to “re-connect” with nature • Improved access to the countryside • To demonstrate practices for preventing or minimizing impacts to the environment • to support the individuals working in the field of tourism and who participate in measures to safeguard their green assets.
  9. 9. Positive Impacts of Sustainable Green Tourism • Benefits the environment by conserving resources • Reduces waste • Reduces costs through efficiencies and staff awareness • Fulfils customers expectations of businesses to look after their environment • Attracts new customers • Offers business customers in particular green certified suppliers they are increasingly demanding • Improves your public image • Improves the customer experience • Improves the quality of the service you provide • Benefits the local community • Supports the local economy • Reduces congestion and pollution • Enhances the natural environment
  11. 11. • Transport - aims to minimize visitors car use by promoting local and national public transport service, cycle hire, local walking and cycling option, carbon management use of alternative fuels public transport -choices are bus and train travel w/underground system, coaches and ferries
  12. 12. Cutting emissions is now widely considered to be the only way to reduce the impact of global warming and more needs to be done by individuals, companies and governments Carbon dioxide, along with other gases, naturally form a ‘blanket’ around the earth which helps to keep the solar heat provided by the sun within the earth’s atmosphere, thus ensuring that plant remains at a constant, relatively warm temperature. This ‘blanket’, however, has thickened considerably in more recent times causing global warming, and cutting carbon emissions is therefore vital for the future of the planet. Cutting carbon emissions will help to stop this extreme greenhouse effect
  13. 13. offset carbon emissions can mean planting trees, introducing energy efficient measures or installing renewable energy
  14. 14. The Carbon Footprint Calculator allows you to calculate your footprint and offset some or all of your emissions carbon footprint is an expression used to describe the amount of carbon dioxide (and other greenhouse gases) emitted in a life cycle. This life cycle could be that of a product, service, individual or group of people. the amount of electricity we use at home, the times we use a car and the products we buy all contribute to our carbon footprint. the production of raw materials, the manufacturing process, transportation and packaging
  15. 15. Greenhouse gas emissions include carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, hydro fluorocarbons, per fluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride are naturally produced. while mankind increases these GGE through the burning of fossil fuels ( coal, petroleum & natural gas) Greenhouse gas emissions causes CLIMATE CHANGE The greenhouse effect caused by greenhouse gas emissions will result in higher temperatures and a rise in sea levels, which in turn will result in coastal flooding. Hotter nations will feel the effects of increased water and food shortages. The loss of tropical forests due to higher temperatures will also have the added effect of causing more carbon dioxide to be caught in the atmosphere as it will no longer be absorbed by the forests’ trees and plants.
  16. 16. Renewable energy is a term used to describe a variety of energy sources which do not have a finite supply. In contrast, energy sources such as coal, oil and gas are non-renewable forms of energy and will one day run out. In fact supplies of these fossil fuels are already severely depleted and we need to look carefully at other sources of energy with some urgency. Renewable energy sources also have a further advantage over traditional fuels as they do not have the same negative environmental impact caused by CO2 emissions There are five main types of renewable energy, namely solar power, wind power, hydropower, biomass energy and geothermal power.
  17. 17. The term solar power is used to describe a number of methods of harnessing energy from the sun. Two types of solar power, solar electric power which use photovoltaic cells to convert solar radiation into electricity, and solar thermal energy where the sun’s energy is used to heat water. Photovoltaic cells consist of one or two layers of a semi conducting material, usually silicon. When light shines on the cell it creates an electric field across the layers, causing electricity to flow. The greater the intensity of the light, the greater the flow of electricity. Solar thermal energy is a relatively simple process where water is pumped into solar panels and, as it passes through them, is heated and then stored in a tank ready for use. The water will stay hot for around 24 hours. In both cases solar panels are usually fitted to the roof and work during daylight hours, however with a new house being built from the ground-up it may be possible to integrate them more seamlessly into the house. It is a misconception that solar panels only work with direct sunlight and solar power collectors can heat water on a very cloudy day. While solar power will not usually completely support a central heating system or provide enough electricity for all a home’s requirements, a substantial supply of power or domestic hot water can be provided.
  18. 18. The use of wind power has been around for thousands of years in different forms and nowadays is mainly used to generate electricity. The proper name of a wind generator is actually “Wind Energy Converter” which is a device that converts the potential energy in the wind to another form of Wind Power energy. This can either be mechanical or electrical. When the wind blows, the rotor blade stops a percentage of the wind. That percentage is converted into energy. According to physics, the maximum amount of wind energy that can be converted is 59.3%. This is known as the Betz Limit.
  19. 19. Hydro electric power systems work by converting potential energy stored in water held at height into kinetic energy to turn a turbine in order to produce electricity. This is a mature technology with water mills already extensively used by the time of the industrial revolution.
  20. 20. The production and use of biomass is a carbon neutral process as the carbon dioxide released when energy is generated is balanced by that absorbed during the fuel’s production. Biomass is produced from organic materials which come either directly from plants or indirectly from industrial, commercial, domestic or agricultural products, and these are divided into two categories. Woody biomass includes forest products and short rotation coppice (such as willow which are quick to grow and therefore easy to sustain). Non-woody biomass includes animal waste, industrial and biodegradable municipal products from food processing and high energy crops such as grapes, sugar cane and maize. Biomass is a term given to organic matter of recent origin (and therefore does not include fossil fuels) and it is also sometimes known as bioenergy or biofuel. Biomass is a renewable source of energy, although care must be taken that the fuel is from sustainable sources in order that resources aren’t depleted.
  21. 21. Geothermal energy is currently third amongst renewable energy sources for power production in terms of worldwide usage, but there is still an enormous amount of untapped potential. Geothermal heat is classified as low temperature (less than 90°C), moderate temperature (90-150°C) or high temperature (greater than 150°C). Low temperature sources exist everywhere and it is these that the ground source heat pumps tap into. Water is pumped through warm ground to heat or cool buildings and the geothermal energy can also be used to supply buildings with hot water. For more information on ground source heat pumps Geothermal energy can also be used for electricity production whereby a turbine is driven by steam which in turn drives a power generator. Geothermal energy is the natural heat of the earth. Thermal energy is continuously generated by the decay of radioactive isotopes of underground rocks and is stored in the earth’s interior. As such geothermal energy is an inexhaustible supply of heat making it one of the forms of renewable energy we have at our disposal.
  22. 22. Everyone produces waste. Household waste alone amounts to about 30 million tons annually. Unfortunately this is growing. And while waste cannot be eliminated, we can reduce its environmental impact by preventing waste wherever possible by Recycling at Home, and making more sustainable use of the waste that is produced. •Turn off the tap while brushing your teeth and you can save around 5 litres of water every time. •Dripping taps can waste up to 4 litres of water a day so make sure you replace worn tap washers. •Vegetables and fruit should be washed in a bowl not under a running tap. The leftover water can then be used for watering plants.
  23. 23. Mobile phone recycling by allowing the phones to be reused where possible or recycled safely where they are beyond repair. Waste paper recycling produces methane gas in the process. As a greenhouse gas this is something we need to avoid to reduce global warming. glass recycling saves energy compared to producing new glass as the furnaces require less energy plastic recycling- choose products with minimal packaging. but we can also do our bit by not putting all our loose fruit and vegetables in plastic bags,. Use Energy Saving Light Bulbs. These may cost more, but they use far less electricity than normal bulbs, saving you money in the log run
  24. 24. REUSE OF MATERIALS The managers identified that they could not afford to purchase new furniture of the quality that they required and preferred to purchase second hand anyway. The furniture is contemporary ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS: •No new raw materials are used •no energy consumption related to manufacturing the items. •items may end up being recycled or scrapped, so further energy use related to these processes is also avoided. •Reuse is always preferable to recycling.
  25. 25. COMPOST TOILETS & GREEN DESIGN Newt Cottage is a single self- catering unit with two bedrooms one double bed and two singles. features in the green build: use of sheeps’ wool insulation, use of eco paints, a heat pump, solar panels, owners supply homegrown organic produce, use fair trade items, recycled products recycling facilities such as composting systems, use a COMPOST TOILET Envirolet system
  26. 26. REDUCING LIGHT POLLUTION Border Forest Caravan Park •500w security light burning every night of the year is responsible for around the same amount of CO2 as driving a car 8000 Km •Less light pollution would allow us all to better enjoy the night sky ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS: Light pollution: •artificial light, which is allowed to illuminate areas not intended to be lit •over powerful lights can disrupt the ecology of an area •Strong lighting at night affects the behaviour of mammals, birds, insects and fish
  27. 27. GREENING THE SUPPLY CHAIN ORGANIC MILK IN RETURNABLE BOTTLES •local milk suppliers can be encouraged to adopt traditional green practices through the use of returnable bottles and switching to organic milk supplies •it helped reduced the B&B’s waste problems but it serves as an opportunity for a local supplier to establish a delivery system for a wide range of products ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS: * savings associated with the avoidance of vehicle use is significant. * avoiding purchasing through supermarkets and using local deliveries of farm produce ensures a direct connection with seasonal suppliers and reduces transportation costs.
  28. 28. GREEN INFORMATION WALL sites improved its communication with the visitor was to set up a 'Green' information board. Communicating the Site's Environmental Policy, what measures are undertaken, how the visitors can help out, should encourage visitors to become more aware of how their actions impact the environment while on holiday and potentially transfer that awareness to when they go back home * Visitors are encouraged to learn more about the wildlife they find on and around the site, through general information on wildlife as well as specific notes on sightings
  29. 29. LOCAL AND 'GREEN' PRODUCTS IN SHOP Some examples of items sold in shop are: books on local culture, birds, flowers; books and leaflets on walks in local area; books by local authors; local music, locally made honey; locally made crafts like pottery, lead craft and jewellery; pens made from soy and rulers made from recycled plastic, recycled disposable cameras; and use of paper bags made from recycled paper Offering information to visitors on cultural and natural heritage in the area, which can increase their enjoyment of the visit and interest in and respect for the environment and landscape. Through buying local reducing miles travelled by products and thus associated Carbon Emissions. Selling products made from recycled products or those that are bio- degradable, reduces the impact on the environment.
  30. 30. thanks…