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  3. 3. TOURISM IS EVERYONE’S BUSINESS • Everyone gains from properly managed tourism. • These benefits can be especially significant in regional areas by diversifying the area’s economic base and expanding the employment market. • In its broadest sense, the tourism industry is the total of all businesses that directly provide goods or services to facilitate business, pleasure and leisure activities away from the home environment.
  5. 5. • Consumers - In the tourism system the consumer is the most important element as the consumer is the reason tourism products and services exist. Everyone working in tourism must ensure that the consumer is fundamental to all business and planning decisions. • The Travel Experience - relates to how the consumer travels to the destination and the experience they have along the way. • The Holiday Experience - When consumers decide to take a particular type of holiday they have expectations of the experience they will have. • Marketing - refers to a multi-faceted, on-going process that any successful business is continually working through to raise awareness of your product and generate sales.
  7. 7. CONSUMER DECISION MAKING • Needs – Going on a holiday allows people to take a break from their normal life, whether it’s restful idleness in scenic spots or extreme sports in challenging terrain, on their own, with a partner or friends, or in a large group. • Awareness – Consumers may have a recognized or unrecognized need for a holiday. Promoting a holiday destination, product or service can help consumers recognize they need a holiday, then raise their awareness of the choices available. • Motivation – If the consumer is positively aware of a destination, product or service they are more likely to be motivated to visit.
  8. 8. • Planning/Decision – Promotional information helps the consumer decide how to get there, and what they want to do. • Satisfaction – If a product delivers what has been promoted, the consumer is likely to be satisfied and have a quality holiday experience, and vice versa. • Word of Mouth – Consumers share their holiday experiences with friends, family and colleagues. Their word of mouth raises awareness of the destination, products) and services) with potential future consumers.
  9. 9. STEPS TO SUCCESS • To be successful in today’s highly competitive tourism industry you must develop skills in each of the following areas:
  10. 10. 1. PLANNING • The market leaders in tourism take the time to plan. • Planning enables you to determine your vision for your business, to anticipate problems, identify opportunities and react quickly to market changes.
  11. 11. • Prepare a detailed feasibility study that includes all areas of your business Before buying or starting a business, and for each year you operate, you need to:
  12. 12. • prepare a detailed and realistic business plan that covers the areas of management, marketing, finance and human resource management
  13. 13. • monitor your plan regularly and adapt it as required to meet unexpected market changes
  14. 14. • Planning also involves developing excellent time management skills and identifying who is best suited to perform the different tasks involved in running your business. • Don’t waste time and energy (or lose potential income) on tasks that would be better outsourced.
  15. 15. 2. RESEARCH • Research enables you to understand your market’s needs, attitudes and buyer behavior, and change your business plan accordingly.
  17. 17. HOW TO DETERMINE YOUR OWN – Who will be your customers? – How will your customers hear about you? – What will their needs be? – Where will they come from? – When will they come? – Why will they come to your business? – Why will (or won’t) they come back?
  18. 18. 3. CUSTOMER SERVICE • Customer service is a key factor in achieving business success. • It can either make or break your business. • This is for the reason that the entire business plan, marketing strategies, sales and profits will solely depend on its impact on the customers.
  19. 19. • To succeed, you must ensure your business is recognized for its excellent customer service. You will need to: 1. understand key customer service concepts 2. plan and implement a customer service strategy 3. become a totally customer driven business 4. use qualified customer service trainers to assist in developing your service skills 5. consider gaining accreditation in customer service skills through industry training program
  20. 20. 4. FINDING YOUR COMPETITIVE EDGE • Be a tourism operator who stands out from the rest by finding the magical ‘something’ that gives you the edge over your competitors.
  21. 21. • Experienced operators continually seek to improve their competitive edge. • You can do this in two ways: 1. Differentiation – Making sure your product or service is different from similar operations in your area. Seek to add value. Be unique. 2. Value – It is not always a good idea to be the cheapest as many customers buy on experience and image. They are often prepared to pay more for a better service or product. However, if you can maintain service standards and be cost competitive then your ‘competitive edge’ could be the value for money your customers receive.
  22. 22. 5. FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT • The need for timely budgeting and reporting of financial performance is of the utmost importance.
  23. 23. • Due to the highly competitive nature of the tourism industry it is absolutely essential for business survival that tourism operators have excellent financial management systems in place. You should ensure: 1. All financial and business plans are prepared (or at least finalized) in consultation with your accountant 2. Weekly and monthly monitoring as well as detailed quarterly reviews are completed. 3. Yearly business review 4. You balance your debt and equity ratio 5. You closely monitor your cash flow.
  24. 24. 6. UNDERSTAND THE TOURISM’S SEASONS HIGHS AND LOWS • The high and low seasons experienced by the tourism industry are a result of many factors. Tourism operators must understand the flow of their particular market. • You must be ready to cope with the demands of the high season and have conservative strategies in place for the low season. Again, this comes back to careful planning and understanding of your tourism business. • Some operators choose to value-add during off-peak seasons (e.g. developing packages for slow months) while others accept seasonality as an industry reality and develop other activities (e.g. maintenance, promotion or business planning).
  25. 25. PEAK SEASONS INCLUDE • Holidays 1. Christmas 2. New Year 3. Vacation and etc. • Special Occasions 1. Fiesta 2. Concerts and etc
  26. 26. LEAN SEASONS INCLUDE • Terrorist Attack • Bomb Scare / Threat • Poor Economy • Due to climate
  27. 27. 7. NETWORKING • Networking is meeting and greeting industry partners and colleagues and keeping a finger on the pulse. • It involves attending industry meetings and events, seminars, conferences, etc.
  28. 28. • Networking is about talking to people and learning more about the environment your business operates within, eg your local area, region, market segment, industry sector, etc. • Successful tourism operators know the benefits of networking far exceed just working with others to achieve common goals or greater bargaining power. Networking ensures a tourism business is market led. In the tourism industry you have to be prepared to network
  29. 29. 8. PRICING • To be successful in the marketplace, a product must be priced accurately and competitively for the markets you are targeting. • This requires a clear understanding of the individual costs of all product components and their impact on total product price.
  30. 30. 9. DISTRIBUTION AND MARKETING • Tourism is a product that people buy. Tourism is also a product that can be offered in a worldwide market. Tourism operators can be confused as to where their product best fits into the tourism distribution system. • With the assistance of the tourism organizations detailed in this guide you will develop knowledge of how and where your tourism product could be placed.
  31. 31. • The highly competitive nature of the tourism industry demands that tourism operators have excellent marketing skills. • Most tourism operators work with three distinct groups: 1. consumers 2. trade e.g. travel agents, wholesalers, government tourism agencies and 3. other industry and sector associations or professionals, e.g. similar tourism operators, media, public relations and tourism consultants, industry suppliers, etc.
  32. 32. As a tourism operator you must ensure that you: • Know your market (s) by understanding and analyzing all available research data • Develop a marketing plan that is achievable and includes: – Details of your product, especially ‘brand’ differentiation. – Your key selling points. – Your promotional mix – advertising, public relations and other promotional activities. – Your distribution channels – wholesalers ,other operators, direct mail, Internet, consumer shows etc. – A competitive pricing policy developed to consider costs of production, distribution and commission. Are you seeking a competitive pricing policy or quality product price? – Regular analysis and monitoring of marketing activities.
  33. 33. 10. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT • Through the on-going research of your business you will be able to determine which of your products and services are the most successful as well as understand various market trends as your customers’ demands change. • Over a period of time even the best products can become stale and may need to be updated.
  34. 34. • Observe, consult and research your consumers, colleagues and industry professionals to determine the best way to develop your product to maintain and increase your customer base. • You may decide to modify your existing product range to maintain or increase market share (e.g. refurbish your accommodation). You may add to your existing range through new products (e.g. add another style of accommodation to attract a different market sector). Or you may delete products from your range if they are not meeting your targets or objectives
  35. 35. 11. TRAINING • Training is an essential component of the tourism and hospitality industry. • There are a number of quality educational organizations including universities, and private providers offering a variety of tourism, hospitality and management courses. • In some instances training is a legal requirement (eg responsible service of alcohol, gambling, etc).
  36. 36. It is vital that you:  1. Understand the training requirements for your business; 2. Implement a staff training program; 3. Allocate resources specifically for training; 4. Attend industry seminars and other learning opportunities; 5. Nurture a training environment within your tourism business; and 6. Ensure you gain all the qualifications you require for your type of tourism business.
  37. 37. 13. TECHNOLOGY • The tourism industry relies on a range of technological systems including the Internet, banking and credit facilitation, and accommodation booking and management systems. • There are programs available to assist you in developing business proposals, manage your finances and monitor your business. • It is best to seek professional advice on what are the best technological solutions for your tourism business.
  38. 38. Working through the Steps to Success
  39. 39. Make sure you contact the organizations and professionals that are mentioned throughout this guide. They can assist you to: • develop your tourism business concept or product • determine if your business is viable • develop your business plan • ensure you are financially able to operate your business • establish valuable contacts in your local area for on- going support • establish and maintain good working relationships to • ensure the future of your business.
  40. 40. END