The American Education System

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Presentation about the US education system by language assistant Olivia StandingBear at the EOI Fuengirola.

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The American Education System

  1. 1. The AmericanEducation SystemFrom preschool to pre-med
  2. 2. Preschool/Pre-K• Ages 0-4• Not obligatory• Tuition-based• Some get state and federal funding• The more you pay, the better the quality.
  3. 3. Kindergarten• Age 5-6• First year of school that is obligatory for all children living in the U.S.
  4. 4. Elementary/Primary School• 1st year of primary school is technically 2nd year of education but we call it 1st grade• Grade = 1) year of education in primary or secondary school, 2) score on an exam, a paper, homework, etc.• Grades 1-5 = elementary school
  5. 5. Secondary: Junior High and High School• 7 years – Grades 6-12• Junior high = grades 6-8• High School = grades 9-12 freshman – 9th grade sophomore – 10th grade junior – 11th grade senior – 12th grade
  6. 6. BUT…not all schools are set up like that• In Pawhuska, Oklahoma: - Kindergarten -Elementary (grades 1-4) -Indian Camp (grades 5-6) -Junior High (grades 7-8) -High School (grades 9-12)
  7. 7. Boarding Schools• For education and manners• You eat, sleep, and study there• Tuition-based• Very expensive• Scholarships available
  8. 8. Private Schools• Tuition-based and fairly expensive• You do not sleep there• High level of education and manners -usually only for the rich -smaller classes, can be religious -students go on to best universities
  9. 9. Applying to College (university)• A student must pass a college entry exam: the SAT or ACT• A student must meet a determined G.P.A. (grade point average)• A student can apply before receiving the high school diploma (and will be accepted after the university receives the diploma)
  10. 10. Applying for Financial Aid• Scholarships, grants and loans• You can fill out a FAFSA form to see what the government can give you• university scholarships• Private scholarships - a family - an association
  11. 11. Scholarships• You must maintain a certain G.P.A., etc.• You must apply yearly or per semester• Some are for the entire college career and some are just a one-time thing
  12. 12. Grants• Free money• Usually given by the government• Income requirement
  13. 13. Loans• You have to pay it back• Universities• Government• Banks
  14. 14. College/University/ Undergraduate school• 2-year degree = associate´s degree -one can further their education at a 4-year university• 4-year degree = bachelor´s degree -major = specific course of study -you don´t have to choose a major until your second year
  15. 15. Pre-something• Some majors require 2 years of general university studies before entering the specified school where they will study 2 additional years, e.g. pre-law, pre-med, pre-nursing, etc.• Students must obtain their bachelor´s degree in Pre-something before they can be qualified and practicing
  16. 16. Study Abroad• To study in another country, anywhere in the world (similar to Erasmus)• Terms can be for a summer, a full semester, or a year.• Students have to find their own funding• Students apply at their university
  17. 17. Graduate School• 2 years• Students must have a bachelor´s degree and will receive a master´s in a specified field• MBA = master´s in business administration• Student teachers
  18. 18. PhD = Doctorate Degree• 3-6 years• Depends on individual´s ability and thesis selected• Thesis = VERY INTENSIVE research paper

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