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State And Action Verbs


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How to use state and action verbs in English

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State And Action Verbs

  1. 1. STATE AND ACTION VERBS Also called stative and dynamic verbs
  2. 2. STATE VERBS <ul><li>A state is when something stays the same. </li></ul><ul><li>State verbs are not used in the continuous form </li></ul>
  3. 3. ACTION VERBS <ul><li>An action is when something happens </li></ul>
  4. 4. STATE VERBS <ul><li>1. VERBS OF THE SENSES </li></ul><ul><li>Appear </li></ul><ul><li>Hear </li></ul><ul><li>Look like </li></ul><ul><li>See </li></ul><ul><li>Taste </li></ul>
  5. 5. STATE VERBS <ul><li>2. VERBS OF THE FEELINGS </li></ul><ul><li>like </li></ul><ul><li>Hate </li></ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer </li></ul><ul><li>Want </li></ul><ul><li>Wish </li></ul>
  6. 6. STATE VERBS <ul><ul><ul><li>3. VERBS OF THINKING </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agree </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Believe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forget </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Know </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Think </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understand </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. STATE VERBS <ul><li>4. VERBS OF POSSESSION </li></ul><ul><li>Belong to </li></ul><ul><li>Contain </li></ul><ul><li>Have </li></ul><ul><li>Own </li></ul>
  8. 8. STATE VEREBS <ul><li>5. VERBS OF BEING </li></ul><ul><li>Be </li></ul><ul><li>Exist </li></ul>
  9. 9. STATE VERBS <ul><li>6. OTHER VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Depend on </li></ul><ul><li>Mean </li></ul><ul><li>Need </li></ul>
  10. 10. STATE VERBS IN THE CONTINUOUS FORM? <ul><li>It’s OK to use a state verb in the continuous form if it expresses a temporary feeling </li></ul><ul><li>“ -How are you getting on in your new school? </li></ul><ul><li>-I’m loving it” </li></ul>
  11. 11. VERBS THAT CAN EXPRESS STATE AND ACTION <ul><li>It is possible for some verbs to express state and action if they have two different meanings </li></ul>
  12. 12. VERBS THAT CAN EXPRESS STATE AND ACTION <ul><li>HAVE </li></ul><ul><li>Action: </li></ul><ul><li>“ He’s having a shower” (=taking) </li></ul><ul><li>State: “He has a house in London” </li></ul>
  13. 13. VERBS THAT CAN EXPRESS STATE AND ACTION <ul><li>THINK </li></ul><ul><li>“ He thinks Obama will win the elections” </li></ul><ul><li>(opinion = state) </li></ul><ul><li>“ what are you thinking now?” (action) </li></ul>
  14. 14. VERBS THAT CAN EXPRESS STATE AND ACTION <ul><li>SEE </li></ul><ul><li>Action: “I’m seeing my dentist next Tuesday” (=have an appointment with) </li></ul><ul><li>State: “ I see what you mean” (=understand) </li></ul>