Catalonian folklore

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Catalonian folklore

  1. 1. CATALAN FOLKLORE: MUSIC AND DANCE By: Neila, Estel and Maria IES Jaume Callís, Spain
  2. 2. CONTENTSCONTENTS  IntroductionIntroduction  Traditional musicTraditional music − Typical instrumentsTypical instruments − National anthem: “Els segadors”National anthem: “Els segadors”  Traditional danceTraditional dance − ““Sardanes”Sardanes” − ““Ball de bastons”Ball de bastons”  ““Castellers” (human towers)Castellers” (human towers)  Adopted folkloreAdopted folklore  Exported cultureExported culture
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION In Catalonia, we have very owned culture. A very important spect is the typical music and instruments. Catalonia is not Spain, we don't dance “sevillanas”, we don't sing “flamenco”. So let's see how is our culture! :)
  4. 4. TRADITIONALTRADITIONAL MUSICMUSIC
  5. 5. Typical instrumentsTypical instruments  They are: flabiol, tamborí, tible, fiscorn, tenora, trompeta, trombó i contrabaix, and they all are the “cobla”.  They're used in folklore celebrations and in typical dances like “sardanes”.  The “gralla” is used for encouraging “castellers”.
  6. 6. National anthem: “ElsNational anthem: “Els Segadors”Segadors”  In 11th Sempember 1714, Catalonia lost its identities in a battle with Spain. A lot of reapers from Catalonia went to Barcelona and made a revolution. “Els Segadors” (“The Reapers”) is the song they were singing, and it remembers that date.
  7. 7. TRADITIONALTRADITIONAL DANCEDANCE
  8. 8. ““SARDANES”SARDANES”  The sardana is t heThe sardana is t he nat ional dance ofnat ional dance of Cat alonia.Cat alonia.  There are 8 t ypes.There are 8 t ypes.  I s danced in circleI s danced in circle and t aken of t heand t aken of t he hands.hands.  I n t he t radit ionalI n t he t radit ional celebrat ionscelebrat ions somet imes t hey wearsomet imes t hey wear t he t ypical clot hes.t he t ypical clot hes.  I t goes accompaniedI t goes accompanied by t he “cobla”.by t he “cobla”.
  9. 9. ““BALL DE BASTONS”BALL DE BASTONS”  They use 2 sticks and isThey use 2 sticks and is danced in couple.danced in couple.  It is the most antiqueIt is the most antique dance that is danced indance that is danced in Catalonia.Catalonia.  They wear a white shirt, aThey wear a white shirt, a pair of “espadenyes”pair of “espadenyes” (traditional shoes) and(traditional shoes) and complements of the colourcomplements of the colour from the zone.from the zone.  The ball de bastons isThe ball de bastons is starting to be very famousstarting to be very famous in other europeanin other european countries.countries.
  10. 10. CASTELLERSCASTELLERS (human towers)(human towers) • The “castells” are human towers of four to more levels. • They are formed by: the “pinya” at the bottom, the “tronc” (the column) and the “pom de dalt” at the top. • When the “anxeneta” arrives to the top, she rises up her hand (l’aleta) and only then the castell is finished. Pom de dalt Tronc Pinya Anxeneta
  11. 11. ADOPTED FOLKLOREADOPTED FOLKLORE (Rumba Catalana)(Rumba Catalana) – The most important example of adopted folklore is the “Rumba Catalana”, a kind of flamenco but with catalan and gipsy influences. – It is played with a spanish guitar and sometimes a box drum.

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