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William shakespeare (1564 1616)


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Life and plays.

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William shakespeare (1564 1616)

  1. 1. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (1564-1616)
  2. 2. <ul><li>LIFE: </li></ul><ul><li>He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564 </li></ul><ul><li>The eldest son of a prosperous Glover </li></ul><ul><li>He attended the local grammar school (common way of education in those days) </li></ul><ul><li>He married Anne Hathaway (1582) </li></ul><ul><li>They had three children: Their first daughter (Susanna) was born six months later (1583), and twins Judith and Hamnet were born in 1585. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Shakespeare’s life can be divided into three periods: </li></ul><ul><li>The first 20 years in Stratford, which include his schooling, early marriage, and fatherhood; </li></ul><ul><li>the next 25 years as an actor and playwright in London; </li></ul><ul><li>The last five in retirement back in Stratford where he enjoyed moderate wealth gained from his theatrical successes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>He was already an actor and playwright of some note in 1592. </li></ul><ul><li>When, in 1592, the Plague closed the theatres for about two years, Shakespeare turned to writing poetry (Examples are “Venus and Adonis” and “The Rape of Lucrece”). During this same period, Shakespeare was writing his sonnets . He returned to play writing when theatres reopened in 1594, and published no more poetry. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare suffered the loss of his only son, Hamnet, who died in 1596 at the age of 11. </li></ul><ul><li>He became one of the partners in the new Globe Theatre, built by the Chamberlain’s Men. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>When Queen Elizabeth died in 1603 and was succeeded by her cousin King James of Scotland, the Chamberlain’s Men was renamed the King’s Men, and Shakespeare’s productivity and popularity continued uninterrupted. </li></ul><ul><li>By the time of his death, William had substantial properties, both professional and personal, which he bestowed on his theatrical associates and his family (primarily his daughter Susanna. </li></ul><ul><li>William Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>History themed Plays </li></ul><ul><li>King Henry IV Part 1 </li></ul><ul><li>King Henry IV Part 2 </li></ul><ul><li>King Henry V </li></ul><ul><li>King Henry VI Part 1 </li></ul><ul><li>King Henry VI Part 2 </li></ul><ul><li>King Henry VI Part 3 </li></ul><ul><li>King Henry VIII </li></ul><ul><li>King John </li></ul><ul><li>Richard II </li></ul><ul><li>Richard III </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy themed Plays </li></ul><ul><li>Antony and Cleopatra </li></ul><ul><li>Coriolanus </li></ul><ul><li>Hamlet </li></ul><ul><li>Julius Caesar </li></ul><ul><li>King Lear </li></ul><ul><li>Macbeth </li></ul><ul><li>Othello </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo and Juliet </li></ul><ul><li>Timon of Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Titus Andronicus </li></ul>PLAYS
  7. 7. <ul><li>Comedy themed Plays </li></ul><ul><li>Alls Well That Ends Well </li></ul><ul><li>As You Like It </li></ul><ul><li>Comedy of Errors </li></ul><ul><li>Cymbeline </li></ul><ul><li>Love's Labour's Lost </li></ul><ul><li>Measure for Measure </li></ul><ul><li>Merchant of Venice </li></ul><ul><li>Merry Wives of Windsor </li></ul><ul><li>Midsummer Nights Dream </li></ul><ul><li>Much Ado About Nothing </li></ul><ul><li>Pericles, Prince of Tyre </li></ul><ul><li>Taming of the Shrew </li></ul><ul><li>The Tempest </li></ul><ul><li>Troilus and Cressida </li></ul><ul><li>Twelfth Night </li></ul><ul><li>Two Gentlemen of Verona </li></ul><ul><li>Winter's Tale </li></ul><ul><li>Sonnets </li></ul><ul><li>· Entitled by numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Poems </li></ul><ul><li>A Lover's Complaint  </li></ul><ul><li>Phoenix and the Turtle </li></ul><ul><li>Rape of Lucrece </li></ul><ul><li>Venus and Adonis </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The shape of a typical Elizabethan playhouse was very simple in structure: round or hexagonal. </li></ul><ul><li>It had five main parts: </li></ul><ul><li>-The stage was a great platform projected from one side of the courtyard and provided with a movable curtain and two doors </li></ul><ul><li>-A gallery with balcony and window overlooked the stage from behind </li></ul><ul><li>-A pit in front of the stage: the groundlings for the lowest classes </li></ul><ul><li>-A gallery around the courtyard for the gentry </li></ul><ul><li>-A roof over the galleries and the stage </li></ul><ul><li>(Example: The Rose) </li></ul>ELIZABETHAN THEATRE
  9. 9. MAIN FEATURES <ul><li>-The performance was based on actors’ abilities. It was person-scenes where actors played music, danced or did acrobatics...rather than place-scenes where the setting created an appropriate context for the story </li></ul><ul><li>-Women were barred by law from appearing on stage. Men disguised as women played their roles </li></ul><ul><li>(Example: The Fortune) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>-Actors wore splendid clothes. Costumes were usually inherited from noble persons and were a sign of prestige </li></ul><ul><li>-The stage was hung with tapestries and curtains </li></ul><ul><li>-Machines were used for descends and for mounting up actors and objects on the stage (tables, chairs...) </li></ul><ul><li>(Example: The Globe) </li></ul>
  12. 14. SOME CURIOSITIES <ul><li>-The longest word in all Shakespeare is: &quot;honorificabilitudinitatibus&quot; which means: &quot;honorableness.“ </li></ul><ul><li>-Shakespeare invented the word &quot;puke&quot; among thousands of others. </li></ul><ul><li>-It's estimated that he used between 25,000 and 29,000 different words in his plays and poems. </li></ul><ul><li>-Throughout Shakespeare's lifetime, his name was spelled as Shagsbere, Shaxpere, Shakesspeare, Shakspeare and Shakespeare. According to English orthography there are 4000 ways to spell it. (Scheackespyrr and Schaeaxpierre being two possibilities). </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>-During Elizabethan times at The Globe, rehearsal time was minimal. Actors learned their parts in about a week; a leading man might have to memorize 800 lines a day and sometimes learn and retain over 25 different roles a year. </li></ul><ul><li>-There was no producer or director then; the actors were in complete control of the production and the plays belonged to the acting company and not the playwright. Shakespeare didn't own or have the right to publish any of his own plays </li></ul>