MIRIAM VILLAZON VALBUENA
What is Body Language?
A part of non verbal language
Includes things such as stance, facial
expressions, head nodding and gestures
70% of what we communicate may be
Body language is specific to a culture
How is British body language?
Proximity: British people require lots of „privatespace‟ and they often stand much further
away from each other than other nationalities,
whilst talking to them
Handshakes: a quick
handshake is the normal
Touching: not frequent and unusual. Never
touch a person‟s head, it may be religiously
Why so reserved?
This has not always been the case.
16th Century whole time kissing each other.
18th Century “sentimental”
Stiff upper lip emerging out of the French Revolution and
1960’s stiff upper lip old-fashioned.
Death of Diana reserved, decorum and restrain notions
were to be abandoned.
But, is still present.
Think about it:
Is there a common body language?
Perhaps facial expressions?
What about posture?
Universal Facial Expressions
Become a scientific hypothesis by
Darwin – The Expression of emotions on
Man and Annimals
Innate expressions and universal
surprise, and disgust
(Ekman P., 2006)
Facial Expressions Might not be
Eastern: “culture-speciﬁc de-coding
strategy” – Can‟t read „„fear‟‟ and
Eastern observers persistently stare the
(Jack, R. E. at al, 2009)
Social versus Professional
Social: no expected behavior
people surround you identify themselves
Professional : rules
Social x Professional
Topics for discussion
Ekman P (2006). Darwin and Facial Expression: A Century of Research in
Review. 2nd ed. California: Malor Books. p11-12.
Jack, R. E., C. Blais, C. Scheepers, P. G. Schyns, and R. Caldara (2009) Cultural
confusions show that facial expressions are not universal. Current Biology 19:
Matsumoto , D. , Olide , A. , Schug , J. , Willingham , B. Callan , M.. (2009).
Cross-Cultural Judgments of Spontaneous Facial Expressions of
Emotion. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 33 (0), 213–238.