SYNDROME

ACQUIRED
IMMUNE

DEFICIENCY
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired
immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the
human immune system c...
HU
MA
N

V

US
IR

IMMUNODEFICIENCY
HIV-1

European
virus

agressive

HIV-2

African
virus

Less
agressive
This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the
immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to
opportun...
WHAT IS

The window period (the time between initial infection and
the development of detectable antibodies against
the in...
Phase of the disease

Blind
Window
2-3 mths

Latent
period
1-15 yrs

Minor
symptoms

Major
symptoms

6 mths –3 yrs

AIDS

...
Stage I: HIV infection is asymptomatic and not categorized as AIDS
Stage II: includes minor mucocutaneous manifestations a...
The symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of conditions that do not normally develop
in individuals with healthy immun...
People with AIDS also have an increased risk of developing various cancers such as
Kaposi's sarcoma - is the most common t...
Kaposi’s sarcoma

Pneumocystis pneumonia
The risk of transmitting HIV
Blood transfusion;
Intravenous drug users;
Tattoos and piercings;
Transmission of the virus f...
Misconceptions

A number of misconceptions have arisen surrounding
HIV/AIDS. Three of the most common are that AIDS can
sp...
The three main transmission routes of HIV are sexual contact,
exposure to infected body fluids or tissues, and from mother...
Genetic research indicates that
HIV originated in west-central
Africa during the late nineteenth
or early twentieth centur...
Prevalence of HIV in the world

generalised
concentrited
less
prevalence
not available (INA)

Source: WHO
AIDS is now a pandemic. In 2007, it was estimated that 33.2 million
people lived with the disease worldwide, and that AIDS...
The Red ribbon is a symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people
and those living with AIDS.

1 DECEMBER

World day agai...
The registration number of HIV
accidents in Georgia
The dynamics of HIV in Georgia
The diagram of the ways of HIV
The diagram of the ways of HIV
transmission
transmission
Heterosexual
transmission

34.7%

...
The divisions according to the regions

Abkhazia

Svaneti

55

Black
Sea

8

M

Poti
29

lo
re
eg
m 5
Sa 8

2

Guria

39
A...
RESUME

•

Nowadays AIDS is not fatal disease.

•

It ranks to the chronic diseases and demands permanent medical
treatmen...
Make your choice and
choose healthy life.
Marina arutinovi 2
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Marina arutinovi 2

  1. 1. SYNDROME ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY
  2. 2. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). AIDS is the most severe acceleration of infection with HIV. HIV is a retrovirus that primarily infects vital organs of the human immune system.
  3. 3. HU MA N V US IR IMMUNODEFICIENCY HIV-1 European virus agressive HIV-2 African virus Less agressive
  4. 4. This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors. HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV.
  5. 5. WHAT IS The window period (the time between initial infection and the development of detectable antibodies against the infection) can vary since it can take 3–6 months to seroconvert and to test positive.
  6. 6. Phase of the disease Blind Window 2-3 mths Latent period 1-15 yrs Minor symptoms Major symptoms 6 mths –3 yrs AIDS Weeks - mths
  7. 7. Stage I: HIV infection is asymptomatic and not categorized as AIDS Stage II: includes minor mucocutaneous manifestations and recurrent upper respiratory tract infections Stage III: includes unexplained chronic diarrhea for longer than a month, severe bacterial infections and pulmonary tuberculosis Stage IV: includes toxoplasmosis of the brain, candidiasis of the esophagus, trachea, bronchi or lungs and Kaposi's sarcoma; these diseases are indicators of AIDS.
  8. 8. The symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of conditions that do not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems . Most of these conditions are infections caused by bacteria , viruses, fungi and parasites that are normally controlled by the elements of the immune system that HIV damages. Opportunistic infections are common in people with AIDS. These infections affect nearly every organ system.
  9. 9. People with AIDS also have an increased risk of developing various cancers such as Kaposi's sarcoma - is the most common tumor in HIV-infected patients. Pneumocystis pneumonia (originally known as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, and still abbreviated as PCP, which now stands for Pneumocystis pneumonia) is relatively rare in healthy, immunocompetent people, but common among HIVinfected individuals.
  10. 10. Kaposi’s sarcoma Pneumocystis pneumonia
  11. 11. The risk of transmitting HIV Blood transfusion; Intravenous drug users; Tattoos and piercings; Transmission of the virus from the mother to the child; Congenital disease; Alcohol; Smoking; Malnutrition; Stress
  12. 12. Misconceptions A number of misconceptions have arisen surrounding HIV/AIDS. Three of the most common are that AIDS can spread through casual contact, that sexual intercourse with a virgin will cure AIDS, and that HIV can infect only homosexual men and drug users. Other misconceptions are that any act of anal intercourse between gay men can lead to AIDS infection, and that open discussion of homosexuality and HIV in schools will lead to increased rates of homosexuality and AIDS.
  13. 13. The three main transmission routes of HIV are sexual contact, exposure to infected body fluids or tissues, and from mother to fetus or child during perinatal period. It is possible to find HIV in the saliva, tears, and urine of infected individuals, but there are no recorded cases of infection by these secretions, and the risk of infection is negligible. The male latex condom is the single most effective available technology to reduce the sexual transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
  14. 14. Genetic research indicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the late nineteenth or early twentieth century. AIDS was first recognized by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 1981 and its cause, HIV, identified in the early 1980s.
  15. 15. Prevalence of HIV in the world generalised concentrited less prevalence not available (INA) Source: WHO
  16. 16. AIDS is now a pandemic. In 2007, it was estimated that 33.2 million people lived with the disease worldwide, and that AIDS killed an estimated 2.1 million people, including 330,000 children. Over threequarters of these deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa. Globally, an estimated 33.2 million people lived with HIV in 2007, including 2.5 million children. An estimated 2.5 million (range 1.8– 4.1 million) people were newly infected in 2007, including 420,000 children.
  17. 17. The Red ribbon is a symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS. 1 DECEMBER World day against the HIV
  18. 18. The registration number of HIV accidents in Georgia
  19. 19. The dynamics of HIV in Georgia
  20. 20. The diagram of the ways of HIV The diagram of the ways of HIV transmission transmission Heterosexual transmission 34.7% The use of drugs ingections 59% Hhomosexual transmission 2.4% The blood recepient 0.6% unknown 1.1% vertical 2.2 %
  21. 21. The divisions according to the regions Abkhazia Svaneti 55 Black Sea 8 M Poti 29 lo re eg m 5 Sa 8 2 Guria 39 Atchara 248 RatchaLechkhumi 5 Imereti 227 S Dj amt av s k ak he 26 het i Tbilisi 566 Mtskheta-Tianeti Shida Kartli (foreigner46) 15 22 47 KvemoKartli 65 Kkheti 65
  22. 22. RESUME • Nowadays AIDS is not fatal disease. • It ranks to the chronic diseases and demands permanent medical treatment. • Modern diagnostics is very important in AIDS struggle.
  23. 23. Make your choice and choose healthy life.

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