California Indians Past & Present-Final


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California Indians Past & Present-Final

  1. 1. California Indians Past and Present <ul><li>Created and Presented by Lisa A Ritchie Martin </li></ul>
  2. 2. Northern California Indian Groups <ul><li>Modoc </li></ul><ul><li>Pomo </li></ul><ul><li>Yuki </li></ul><ul><li>Yurok </li></ul><ul><li>Shasta </li></ul><ul><li>Achumawi </li></ul><ul><li>Hupa </li></ul><ul><li>Maidu </li></ul><ul><li>Pomo </li></ul><ul><li>Miwok </li></ul><ul><li>Washo </li></ul>California Indian Tribal Groups
  3. 3. South-Central California Indian Groups <ul><li>Cosstanoan </li></ul><ul><li>Yokuts </li></ul><ul><li>Chumash </li></ul>
  4. 4. Southern California Indian Groups <ul><li>Mojave </li></ul><ul><li>Yuma </li></ul><ul><li>Luiseno </li></ul><ul><li>Cahuilla </li></ul><ul><li>Gabrielino </li></ul><ul><li>Juaneno </li></ul><ul><li>Serrano </li></ul><ul><li>Cupeno </li></ul>
  5. 5. California Indian Life Square-shaped, sand-covered Seeds, fruit, fish, corn, beans Desert Yuma Made from deer, antelope Deer, antelope Mountain Washo Cone-shaped, partly underground Acorns, deer Valley Miwok Large, dome-shaped Fish, birds, sea animals Coast Chumash Houses Foods Region Group
  6. 6. Passing Down Their History <ul><li>Folklore – is stories and customs of a group of people </li></ul><ul><li>Myths – stories that explain things in nature </li></ul><ul><li>Legends – stories about people in the past </li></ul><ul><li>Traditions – special way a group of people does something </li></ul><ul><li>Rock Art – painted or carved pictures on rock </li></ul>Myths Rock Art
  7. 7. Beliefs <ul><li>Spirits - helped them but also could cause problems </li></ul><ul><li>Ceremony – important activity done for special reason, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>special leaders led the ceremonies </li></ul></ul>HAAID – SPIRITS OF THE SEA Pow Wow ceremony
  8. 8. Art and Music <ul><li>Baskets - teach the art of making baskets </li></ul><ul><li>Whistles - carved from wood or animal bones </li></ul><ul><li>Rattles - made from buffalo hooves </li></ul><ul><li>Jewelry - used animal bones to make jewelry </li></ul><ul><li>Flutes - made from bones of birds </li></ul><ul><li>Dolls – used clay to make dolls for children </li></ul>
  9. 9. Customs <ul><li>Healing rattles - made from cocoons and attached to wooden handle </li></ul><ul><li>Dances - believed they kept the people well and bring success in a hunt </li></ul><ul><li>Animals – were honored that were connected to family group </li></ul><ul><li>Bird songs - important tradition </li></ul>
  10. 10. Folklore <ul><li>Pomo – Stories of Coyote </li></ul><ul><li>Washo – How Mount Shasta Came to Be </li></ul><ul><li>Miwok – A Very Small Hero </li></ul><ul><li>Mojave – Great Tellings </li></ul>
  11. 11. California Indians Today <ul><li>Still home to many Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Some live on areas of land that their group owned </li></ul><ul><li>Some moved to cities for jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Most live and dress as other Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Some still perform traditional ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>Keep customs alive for future generations </li></ul>