Characteristics of culture

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Characteristics of culture

  1. 1. SALMERO, MARIA ALENA
  2. 2. Most fundamental characteristicsof culture:1. Culture is always a product of human behavior2. It is always transmitted through learning3. It always gratifies human needs4. It always tends toward integrating a society.
  3. 3. CULTURE ISSHARED ANDTRANSMITTED
  4. 4.  It is shared by and is transmitted to and among the members of a social group.. Generally , man transmits culture by means of ideas The acquired learning of culture is passed on to succeeding generations primarily through language, but other symbolic means of communications are utilized
  5. 5. CULTURE IS LEARNEDAND ACQUIRED
  6. 6.  It has to be understood that not all things shared generally by a population are cultural. Culture is not instinctive It is acquired by each person through the senses and from experiences. Each individual must learn through himself. No one is born equipped with a particular language, or knowledge of religious beliefs
  7. 7. CULTURE IS SOCIAL
  8. 8.  Culture is a group product developed by many persons interacting in a group. It is social due to man’s natural tendency of sociability and gregariousness.
  9. 9. CULTURE ISIDEATIONAL
  10. 10.  Man forms ideas and uses them to assign meanings to his environment and experiences Symbols are symbolized
  11. 11. CULTURE GRATIFIESHUMAN NEEDS
  12. 12.  An individual is likely to utilize habitually a cultural technique which gratifies him in some way. The patterns of culture continues to persist if they continue to satisfy man’s need Biological needs are components of culture
  13. 13. CULTURE IS ADAPTIVE
  14. 14.  All culture is dynamic They change over time These changes may be in form of discoveries, inventions, or cultural borrowings.
  15. 15. CULTURETENDSTOWARDINTEGRATION
  16. 16.  Means that the elements or traits that makes up that culture are not just a random assortment of customs but are mostly adjusted to or consistent with one another. A culture may be integrated for psychological reasons. The traits of culture - attitude, values, ideals, and rules for behavior – are stored after all, in the brains of individuals.
  17. 17. CULTURE ISCUMULATIVE
  18. 18.  Through the ages, the people of any given place are able to retain certain features of their culture that are significant in their relationship and interactions with their fellow human beings.
  19. 19. ADAPTATIONS OFCULTURE
  20. 20. Principal ways in which thisprocess of culture adaptationoccurs Parallelism – independent development of a culture characteristics in two widely separated cultures Diffusion – much more common process of patterns and traits passing back and forth from one culture to another
  21. 21.  Fission – a process that can be traced historically when a long established society breaks up into two or more independent units Convergence – is the fusion of two or more cultures into a new one which is somewhat different from its predecessors.
  22. 22. FUNCTIONS OFCULTURE
  23. 23.  Culture as a category Culture as a tool in prediction
  24. 24. More specific functions ofculture: Culture serve as “trademark” or special feature that distinguishes one society from another. Culture brings together, contains, and interprets the values of a society in a more or less systematic manner.
  25. 25.  Culture provides one of the most important bases for social solidarity Culture provides a blue-print of, as well as the materials for social structure. The culture of any society is the dominant factor in establishing and molding the social personality The culture of a society provides behavioral patterns

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