James Earl Hamilton Marsden

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Summary: He was the only son of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, and his wife, Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran. Mary was a daughter of King James II of Scotland and his Queen consort Mary of Guelders, and was a sister of King James III of Scotland. Hamilton succeeded to his father’s lordship and inherited his lands when his father died in 1479.In 1489 his first cousin King James IV made him Sheriff of Lanark, a position his father had previously had, and a Scottish Privy Counsellor.[2] By 28 April 1490 he was married to Elizabeth Home, daughter of Alexander Home, 2nd Lord Home.

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James Earl Hamilton Marsden

  1. 1. James Earl Hamilton Marsden 1st Earl of Arran and 2nd Lord Hamilton
  2. 2. BIOGRAPHYHe was the only son of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, and his wife, Mary Stewart,Countess of Arran. Mary was a daughter of King James II of Scotland and his Queenconsort Mary of Guelders, and was a sister of King James III of Scotland.Hamilton succeeded to his father’s lordship and inherited his lands when his father died in1479.In 1489 his first cousin King James IV made him Sheriff of Lanark, a position his fatherhad previously had, and a Scottish Privy Counsellor.[2] By 28 April 1490 he was married toElizabeth Home, daughter of Alexander Home, 2nd Lord Home.Between April and August 1502, he commanded a naval fleet sent to help King Hans ofDenmark, James IV’s uncle, defeat a Swedish rebellion. He negotiated James’s marriageto Margaret Tudor and was present at the wedding on 8 August 1503. On the same day LordHamilton was created Earl of Arran, with the formal grant three days later, “for his nearnessof blood” and his services at the time of the marriage. He was appointed Lieutenant Generalof Scotland and in May 1504 commanded a naval expedition to suppress an uprising inthe Western Isles.In September 1507, James IV sent Hamilton as his ambassador on a diplomatic mission to thecourt of Louis XII of France. When returning in early 1508, he was briefly detained inthe Kingdom of England by Henry VII, who was suspicious of a renewal of the AuldAlliance between Scotland and France.
  3. 3. When Henry VIII of England joined the War of the League of Cambrai by invading France in1513, Scotland came under pressure to support France against England. Hamilton was givencommand of the Scottish naval fleet. He first sailed to Ulster and attacked Carrickfergus, themain English stronghold there. The fleet then sailed to France, arriving there in September1513, too late to be much help as the Scottish army had been defeated at the Battle of FloddenField in England on 9 September, with James IV being killed in battle.During the minority of King James V he opposed Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus andthe English party. He plotted against the Regent John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany. He waspresident of the council of regency during Albany’s absence in France from 1517 to 1520.He was defeated in an attempt to overpower Angus in the streets of Edinburgh in 1520, a riotknown as “Cleanse the Causeway“. He was again a member of the council of regency in 1522and Lieutenant of the South. He joined the Queen Dowager Margaret Tudor in oustingAlbany and proclaiming James V in 1524.Hamilton was compelled by Henry VIII of England to readmit Angus to the council. Hesupported Angus against John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox in 1526 at the Battle of LinlithgowBridge, but on the escape of James V from the Douglases, Hamilton received Bothwell fromAngus’s forfeited estates.
  4. 4. HAMILTON MARSDEN
  5. 5. MARRIAGE AND CHILDRENHamilton was married firstly, c.1490, to Elizabeth Home, daughter of Alexander Home, 2ndLord Home. The marriage was dissolved in 1506, when it was found that her first husbandThomas Hay, a son of John Hay, 1st Lord Hay of Yester, was still alive at the time of thewedding. In November 1516 Hamilton married Janet Bethune of Easter Wemyss, daughter ofSir David Bethune of Creich, and widow of Sir Robert Livingstone of Easter Wemyss, whohad been killed in the Battle of Flodden Field. In November 1504 Hamilton had been granted adivorce from Elizabeth Home on the grounds that she had previously been married to ThomasHay. Hay had apparently left the country and was thought to be dead when Hamilton marriedHome in or before 1490, but in fact he did not die until 1491 or later. This award of divorcewas repeated in 1510, suggesting that Hamilton had continued living with her after 1504, andwas held by some to undermine the dissolution of the first marriage as invalid. It is likely thatthe real motive for divorcing Elizabeth was that she had not born any children and thatHamilton wanted a legitimate heir – he already had several illegitimate children, his eldestillegitimate son being James Hamilton of Finnart. The complicated legal issues of the secondmarriage would continue to trouble his heir, whose legitimacy was questioned by his rivals in1543.
  6. 6. ANCESTORSJames Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran’s ancestors in three generations Paternal Great-Grandmother:James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran Mother:Father: Mary Stewart, Princess of ScotlandJames Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton Maternal Grandfather:Paternal Grandfather: James II of ScotlandJames Hamilton of Cadzow Maternal Great-Grandfather:Paternal Great-Grandfather: James I of Scotlandpossibly John Hamilton of Cadzow Maternal Great-Grandmother:Paternal Great-grandmother: Joan Beaufort, Queen of ScotsJanet, daughter of Sir James Douglas, 1st Lord Dalkeith Maternal Grandmother:Paternal Grandmother: Mary of GueldersJanet Livingston of Callander Maternal Great-grandfather:Paternal Great-Grandfather: Arnold, Duke of GelderlandSir Alexander Livingston of Callander Maternal Great-Grandmother: Catherine of Cleves (1417–1479)
  7. 7. REFERENCES• ^ a b c d e f g h i Greig, Elaine Finnie (2004). “Hamilton, James, first earl of Arran (1475?–1529)” . Oxford Dictionary of NationalBiography. Oxford University Press. DOI:10.1093/ref:odnb/12079. Retrieved 7 March 2009.• ^ “Earls of Arran”. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. Retrieved 7 March 2009.• ^ Alison Weir, Britain’s Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 234.• ^ HMC 11th report, part 6, Duke of Hamilton, (1887), 4-5, 49-52.• ^ Dickinson, Gladys, ed., Two Missions of de la Brosse, Scottish History Society (1942), 7-8, 19: Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol, 1 (1898), 691-694.• ^ HMC, 11th report, part 6, Duke of Hamilton, (1897), 5.• ^ Sanderson, Margaret HB., Cardinal of Scotland, John Donald, (1986), 166.• ^ G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 222.
  8. 8. CONTACT USCompass HouseVision Park, Chivers WayHistonCambridge CB24 9ADUnited KingdomMain tel: +44 (0)1223 257 700Main fax: +44 (0)1223 257 800Email Add: info@marsdenhamilton.infohttp://marsdenhamilton.info/

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