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The extreme history project foundations 2011


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The Extreme History Project is a public history organization whose aim is to facilitate building bridges between communities by examining their shared histories, often on the sites where that history occurred.

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The extreme history project foundations 2011

  1. 1. The Extreme H istory P rojectUNEARTHING the PAST at the CROSSROADS of CULTURESFOUNDATIONS ▪ 2011 1
  2. 2. T able of Contents 1. History isn’t Pretty ---------------- 1 -----------------3 2. The View from Above -----------------3 Historical Activist 3. The Historical Activist Manifesto / The Truth Agenda ------------------- 5 Agenda 4. Theoretical foundations of Historical ----------------------------6 Activism ----------------------------6 5. Vision ---------------------------- 11 6. Legs ------------------------------ 15 7. Heart ----------------------------- 14 8. Arms ------------------------------ 15 9. Hands ----------------------------- 16 10. Mind ----------------------------- 18 11. Voice ---------------------------- 23 12. Wings ---------------------------- 25 2
  3. 3. History Isnt Pretty... but you wouldn’t know that from most history textbooks. We all learned about the fortitude of George Washington as he courageously crossed the Delaware; the forthrightness of Abraham Lincoln as he so generously freed the southern slaves; the glory of Manifest Destiny and the honor of the Civil War. It sure looks so neat and tidy from this distance, but what we don’t see is what’s missing: the voices of the downtrodden, the suffering of the subjugated, the struggle of the powerless. How has our traditional historical paradigm benefitted our society? Has it empowered us? Has it unified us? Has it dispelled ignorance, instilled tolerance and offered us a collective cultural identity? We answer these questions with a resounding NO! Historical Activism is an idea that grew out of our frustration with the traditional historical paradigm. Through joint experiences and dialogue, we formulated a plan to make history engaging, relevant and actualized as a means for social change. We searched our souls for validation of historical knowledge. Why is history important? How does knowledge of history benefit us? Does history have relevance beyond the academy? Can history be used as a means for social change? Our answer is a resounding YES! After much discussion, we found that there were important and substantial reasons for learning and understanding history and that this knowledge has significant relevance to address real social problems. Through these discussions and ideas, we discovered that we could create a new historical paradigm that would empower, unify and instill tolerance which could lead to a better world for everyone. This was the moment the Extreme History Project was born. Our first project very clearly fit these ideas as we began to explore the reservation period of the Plains Indians and in particular, the Crow People. Immediately we found new challenges which would require new tools to add to our new methods of Historical Activism. Activism The reservation period of the American Indian is a painful and difficult history to uncover. In many ways it’s an ugly history. In order to penetrate it, difficult questions had to be asked; partnerships had to be built and trust had to permeate the process. Traditionally, such subjects have been ignored or denied in order to avoid discomfort and blame. deflect blame Not only have these choices blocked our knowledge of history, it has caused tremendous harm to descendant populations still burdened with the weight of their ancestors’ suffering. Could validation through honest dialogue and collaboration begin to heal the generational cultural trauma? This is the assumption we are bringing to this project which has the potential to offer a valuable tool to work with descendant communities and the general public. Our process couples traditional historical research with oral histories and dialogue around difficult issues, including new language and terminology which will facilitate dialogue without causing retreat due to feelings of disrespect. Descendant communities still 3
  4. 4. feel the raw pain of the suffering of their ancestors and the legacy of their history. Seeminglyinnocuous words and terms used by those viewed as representatives of the harmingcommunity can be interpreted as disrespectful by the descendant community. Use of suchterms in a dialogue can cause an immediate stoppage of progress. Are there newwords and terms that we can use, empty of the baggage of history history,to keep the discussion moving forward? Our project hopes to create a model for suchdialogue.Historical Activism doesn’t shy away from the tough topics and controversialissues. It courageously moves into the challenges in order to open a dialogue and fearless,move toward a process of healing. It is fearless thoughtful and engaging in itsinception, process and result. Its goals are challenging and its standards are high because theresults have the potential for nothing less than powerful social change It is change. imperative.not our goal, it is our imperativeThis document hopes to manifest into reality, our hopes and dreams for this project as we who, what, when,look towards the who what when where and how of achieving this imperative. Ashistory is made up of the endless collective stories of humanity, this document is organizedaround our humanness. Our VISION looks towards our short-term and long-term GOALS.PLANS AND GOALS The LEGS of our organization provide the FINANCIALSTABILITY and support for us to make our dreams reality. Our PEOPLE are the HEART ofour organization. Who they are, what they will contribute, what roles they will play are themeans of pumping the life blood through the organization’s system. Our collective MINDproduces the ideas for our PROJECTS which we hope to implement. Our ARMS embraceOTHERS whose vision, goals and projects follow our new paradigm and need our support.We join hands with our brother and sister organizations to collaborate and empower eachother and our joint goals. Our WINGS allow us to fly to new heights and dream NEWDREAMS as our journey continues.History isn’t pretty pretty…but by recognizing and acknowledging its ugliness; itspain; its dirtiness; its shame, we can find a new way of reaching out to each other intolerance,tolerance acceptance and unity unity. 4
  5. 5. The View From Above The Extreme History Project was organized exclusively for charitable and educational purposes. Specifically, the Extreme History Project creates and supports, events, programs, publications, research and any public offerings which promote social change through the understanding of shared history. Social ills such as cultural and historical trauma, prejudices, historical denial and other such problems undermine the fabric of society by creating divisions, anger and hate. Often these problems stem from a lack of understanding and transparency of the underlining history which caused the formation of these conditions. The Extreme History Project looks for opportunities to research and present such history as a means to start a dialogue which can lead to healing individuals, communities and society as a whole. An understanding of our shared history and the complexities which formed our modern society, has the potential to ignite a sympathy / empathy response where only misunderstanding and antipathy previously existed. This response can lead to building bridges between alienated communities, as well as sharing in the reconstruction of a new social paradigm. The Extreme History Project began as a means of making the humanities more fun, interesting and accessible to the general public and as a real means of generating social change. The Project hopes to encompass a variety of events and activities which will enhance the public’s understanding of how history has shaped our present and how understanding that legacy can affect the way we behave towards one another. Extreme History believes in setting a Truth Agenda which will work toward eradicating political and social agendas from the traditional historical narratives and pursue a more balanced and honest expression of the past. The Extreme History Project is the brainchild of Marsha Fulton and Crystal Alegria who will function as compensated co-directors of the organization. Marsha Fulton brings a variety of experience, skills and interests to the table. As a University Professor, Marsha has taught in both the Anthropology and Art History departments of several universities including Kent State University in Ohio, William Paterson University in New Jersey and the State University of New York at New Paltz. Her museum background includes working in the North American Archaeology Lab at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City and remodeling the Native Cultures area of the Yellowstone Gateway Museum in Livingston, MT. She has also worked at many North American archaeological sites around the country and has developed several archaeology educational programs for K-12 students. Her business experience includes a degree in Marketing as well as 15 years of retail management. She has contributed her marketing skills to several non-profit organizations and specializes in web-based marketing opportunities. She also has experience in both theatrical and interior design. 5
  6. 6. Crystal Alegria has worked in the field of heritage and archaeological education for the pastten years with an emphasis on curriculum development for upper elementary students.Crystal has worked for a variety of museums doing curation, exhibit design, collectionsmanagement, and curricular development. She is presently on the Bozeman HistoricPreservation Advisory Board and is Vice President of the Montana Archaeological Society.Research interests include community archaeology, archaeology education, participatoryaction research, and public archaeology. Crystal has a B.S. in Anthropology and a M.A. inHistory from Montana State University.The Extreme History Project will research, create and implement events, activities, films,publications, presentations and other public offerings which educate the public about ourshared past and create dialogue around historical origins of modern social problems. We willalso fund, support and promote others doing work that fits within our mission and guidelines.The Extreme History Project hopes to build a network of partners and collaborators to extendthe boundaries of our present work and create a new educational paradigm for the relevancyof public history.The Extreme History Project administrative and grant-awarding will be generally fundedthrough both corporate and individual donations, fundraising events, promotional events,historical tours, research services, merchandise sales and online income generatingopportunities. Individual projects initiated by the Extreme History Project will be fundedthrough grant-writing in addition to the general fundraising mentioned above.This corporation is organized exclusively for educational purposes within the meaning of section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code,including, for such purposes, the making of distributions to organizations that qualify as exempt organizations under sec-tion 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code or the corresponding section of any future United States Internal Revenue law.Upon the winding up and dissolution of the corporation, after paying or adequately providing for the debts and obligations of thecorporation, the remaining assets shall be distributed for one or more exempt purposes within the meaning of section 501(c)(3) of theInternal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code.No part of the net earnings of the corporation shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributable to, any of its members, trustees, officers orother private persons, except that the corporation shall be authorized to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered and to makepayments and distributions in furtherance of the exempt purposes.No substantial part of the activities of the corporation shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influencelegislation, and the corporation shall not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements) any politicalcampaign on behalf of or in opposition to any candidate for public office.Notwithstanding any other provision of these articles, the corporation shall not carry on any other activities not permitted to be carried on(a) by a corporation exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section ofany future federal tax code, or (b) by a corporation, contributions to which are deductible under section 170(c)(2) of the Internal RevenueCode, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code. 6
  7. 7. The Historical Activist Manifesto We, the Historical Activists, are committed to bringing cultures together through dialogue, history, archaeology, stories or ANY MEANS NECESSARY ; Eradicating ignorance and promoting unity through education and interaction; connecting people with places and objects that express the HISTORICAL MOMENT; Exploring and creating new avenues of transmitting knowledge; Actively engaging in political / social REVOLUTIONARY PARADIGM SHIFTS; Committing RANDOM ACTS OF HISTORY.The Truth Agenda THE EXTREME HISTORY PROJECT is dedicated to eradicating political and social agendas from traditional historical narratives and pursuing a more balanced and honest expression of the past. • To examine historical narratives from multiple voices. • To view historical narratives through multiple lenses. Political Economic Gender Cultural Social • To provide new facts that revise past fallacies based on certain agendas. • To differentiate fact from legend in historical accounts. • To expose lesser known historical narratives which shift the understanding of the historical era or event to a more balanced perspective. • To promote historical writings that follow the TRUTH AGENDA. 7
  8. 8. Theoretical Foundations of Historical Activism Foundational Assumptions • The Extreme History Project seeks positive social change through a deeper and richer understanding of our shared historyhistory. • Experiencing history in a unique and innovative way creates an impact which leads to a deeper and richer understanding of that history. • a deeper and richer understanding of history: o offers an individual cultural identity which opens up an understanding of ones place in the world leading toward a sense of belonging for descendant communities. o offers historical models of modern issues and problems which can historical inspire solutions – either by learning from what worked in the past or what didn’t. o offers a sympathy / empathy response between disparate communities creating a deeper connection to others and their plights, building bridges and leading towards tolerance, acceptance and respect. o offers a foundation for understanding how people, places, systems, and institutions evolved into what they are today, dispelling myths and misconceptions and leading towards insight and understanding. o offers community engagement around shared connections leading toward unity. o Encourages support for historical / heritage / preservation projects and sustainability. programs leading towards sustainability • Offering individuals and communities a shared and respected cultural identity, a sense of belonging, resources for problem-solving, insight and understanding, encouraging tolerance, acceptance and respect and creating unity can manifest in profound positive social change change. • The Extreme History Project seeks positive social change through a deeper and richer understanding of our shared historyhistory. 8
  9. 9. Cultural / Historical TraumaIn “The American Indian Holocaust: Healing Unresolved Greif” The authors write“American Indians experienced massive losses of lives, land, and culture fromEuropean contact and colonization resulting in a long legacy of chronic trauma andunresolved grief across generations. This phenomenon, called historical unresolvedgrief, contributes to current social pathology of high rates of suicide, homicide,domestic violence, child abuse, alcoholism and other social problems among AmericanIndians.”Jeffrey Alexander writes in Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity, “By allowingmembers of wider publics to participate in the pain of others, cultural traumasbroaden the realm of social understanding and sympathy, and they provide powerfulavenues for new forms of social incorporation.”Yellow Horse Brave Heart, Maria, Ph.D and Lemyra M. DeBruyn, Ph.d, “The American Indian Holocaust: Healing HistoricalUnresolved Grief.”, Jeffrey. “Towards a Theory of Cultural Trauma” in Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity. Jeffrey, et al. eds. Berkeley:University of California Press, 2004The Extreme History Project recognizes the experience of historical unresolved grief inNative American populations, among others, and hopes to educate the wider publicabout the historical events that led to this historical trauma in order to provide suchavenues for sympathy and social understanding.Cultural Identity TheoryIn “A Cultural Theory of Drug Abuse,” Tammy L. Anderson uses Cultural Identity Theoryto propose that drug abuse is an outcome of a drug-related identity change processwhich results from both personal and social marginalization. She explains the conceptof social marginalization as “an individual’s disadvantaged or oppressed economic,social and cultural situation in comparison to important groups and / or entitiesaround him or her.” She supports this association between social marginalization anddrug abuse by noting that ”research shows increased levels of drug and alcohol useand abuse among ethnic and racial minorities with increased pressure to adopt white-centered cultural norms.” She concludes that “drugs are sought as the solutionbecause they provide . . . material symbolism, affect control, and identity creation.”Anderson, Tammy L. “A Cultural Identity Theory of Drug Abuse” Extreme History Project recognizes increased levels of drug and alcohol abuse onNative American reservations and suggests that such high levels may be a result ofsocial and cultural marginalization of Native American populations. Extreme History 9
  10. 10. believes that by increasing a sympathetic awareness of the historical events that haveled to the marginalization of Native American populations, such marginalization willdecrease along with drug and alcohol abuse.Community EngagementIn “Promoting health through community development,” community engagement isdefined as “the process of working collaboratively with and through groups of peopleaffiliated by geographic proximity, special interest, or similar situations to addressissues affecting the well-being of those people. It is a powerful vehicle for bringingabout environmental and behavioral changes that will improve the health of thecommunity and its members. It often involves partnerships and coalitions that helpmobilize resources and influence systems, change relationships among partners, andserve as catalysts for changing policies, programs, and practices.” Such communitycollaboration, as noted in “Citizen involvement in community health promotion: a roleapplication of CDC’s PATCH model” has “demonstrated that a population can achievelong-term health improvements when people become involved in their communityand work together to effect change.”Fawcett SB, Paine-Andrews A, Francisco VT, Vliet M. Promoting health through community development. In: Glenwick, DS; Jason,LA (editors). Promoting health and mental health in children, youth and families. New York: Springer Publishing Company; 1993.Hanson P. Citizen involvement in community health promotion: a role application of CDC’s PATCH model. International Quarterlyof Community Health Education 1988-89;9(3):177-186.The Extreme History Project recognizes that the overall health of a community can bepositively affected by collaboration and engagement. The Extreme History Project willcreate opportunities for communities to engage and collaborate around projects whichexpress and examine their shared histories in order to facilitate healthy communitydevelopment. Furthermore, we hope to engage multiple communities in projects thatbuild social bridges and create unity among disparate communities which have beenestranged due to historical processes.Democratic EducationDemocratic Education proposes that:“If living in democratic societies committed to human rights creates well-being,ANDIf people learn primarily based on the people and environment that surrounds them,ANDIf culture is transmitted from one generation to another,THENWe need to create environments where people of all ages, especially youth, are 10
  11. 11. immersed in the values, practices, and beliefs of democratic societies and humanrights.”If we live in a democratic society based on participation, empowerment anddemocracy, shouldn’t we employ those same principles in the educational process?This is the foundation of Democratic Education. Dana Bennis explains that “Democraticeducation sees young people not as passive recipients of knowledge, but rather asactive co-creators of their own learning. They are not the products of an educationsystem, but rather valued participants in a vibrant learning community.” Furthermore,Bennis finds that “By supporting the individual development of each young personwithin a caring community, democratic education helps young people learn aboutthemselves, engage with the world around them, and become positive andcontributing members of society. ““Studies show that educational environments engaging young people as activeparticipants in their own learning are linked with higher student attendance andstudent achievement, greater creativity and conceptual learning, and increasedintrinsic motivation and determination in learning. Moreover, recent brain andcognitive research points to the value of the democratic education learningenvironment, including key elements such as collaborative projects, age mixing,learning through active experiences, and the importance of a caring community.”Bennis concludes by suggesting that “democratic education is important not only forthe benefit to the young people who experience such a learning environment.Democratic education also carries the potential for a broader societal impact, as theself-determined and caring individuals who experience democratic education will bethe leaders in building a more democratic, vibrant, and just society.”Bennis, Dana “What is Democratic Education?” Extreme History Project recognizes that active engagement and co-creation arepowerful tools for learning among everyone, including young people. We willimplement opportunities for communities to actively engage and participate inhistorical learning in order to implant the understanding of historical legacy. Suchmeans of transferring knowledge will make a powerful impression on individuals andcommunities creating opportunities for real social dialogue. Furthermore, The ExtremeHistory Project will implement the fundamental directives of Democratic Education inall of their educational offerings in order to build a future of leaders who willunderstand that every action has its historical consequences. 11
  12. 12. Vision Cassandra was given the gift of prophecy by Apollo in Greek mythology. The future is a mysterious place but humans have the gift of intention. Here are the Extreme History Projects intentions for the next ten years. 1-year plan (2012) o Establish 501c3 status o Complete and publish Fort Parker Book o 3D digitalization of the Fort Parker site – Tim Urbaniak of MSU Billings o In production with Fort Parker Documentary o Complete Fort Parker Acquisition with the Archaeological Conservancy o In process of Fort Parker Oral History Project o Creating Fort Parker Digital Research Archive o Initiate Extreme History Tours at Virginia City 5-year plan (2017) o Archaeological survey at Fort Parker Non-invasive survey Test units o Created and distribute a Fort Parker Curriculum in conjunction with Project Archaeology o Create and tour a Fort Parker and Stillwater Agency Traveling Exhibit o Creating and presenting Fort Parker Educational opportunities o Establish funding sources for project grants to outside projects Lecture series Publications Merchandise Fundraising events Corporate sponsorship Individual funding o Supporting other projects concerning reservation period o Planning stages of Interpretive center o Writing additional Fort Parker Books and publications o Create model for reservation period work and research Present at conferences o Establishing opportunities for Crow events at Fort Parker o Continuing historical tours and lectures 10-year plan o Fort Parker Archaeological Park and interpretive center Museum and curatorial facilities o Creating new projects that express our mission o supporting projects expressing reservation period history o Cultural and Historical Trauma workshops and research 12
  13. 13. Legs The mythical mermaids swam with fins under the seas but could grow legs on land for a short time. Legs are the foundations of humans. They support us and propel us forward. The legs of the Extreme History Project also support and propel the organization by offering a firm financial foundation. o Historical Tourism: The Extreme History Project will create and offer unique historical tourism opportunities for students, teachers and the general public. Such tours will include accommodations, experiences, lectures and talks, special “behind-the-scenes” tours and other opportunities and activities. These tours will be marketed to the “history buff” interested in a fully organized and authentic historical experience. We will initiate these tours in the summer of 2012 at Virginia City, Montana. The Extreme History Project will earn a percentage of the tour price. o Research Services: The Extreme History Project will offer historical research services for a fee to organizations, institutions and businesses that require historical research for their projects. Monies earned from such research will go toward funding Extreme History projects and events. o Publications and Merchandise: The Extreme History Project will create and sell publications, documents and merchandise whose income will help fund Extreme History administration and projects. o Corporate Sponsorship: Extreme History will look to the corporate world for sponsorship and funding for both administrative expenses and projects. o Individual funding: Extreme History will partner with Fundraising Consultant Laurie Bishop to identify and contact individuals and foundations for financial support. o Event fundraising: Extreme History will create local fundraising events to earn income for administrative costs and projects as well as to earn support and good-will in the community. o Grant-writing: Extreme History will write grants for specific projects. o Online sources of income Donation pages: Extreme History will utilize charitable and donation websites to request funding from the online community. Internet Marketing: Extreme History will create an Internet marketing presence utilizing such online income opportunities as Google ad-share, Squidoo, Associated Content, Café Press and other such income generating pages to earn a regular passive income. 13
  14. 14. Heart The human heart is a wondrous thing. It regularly beats, pumping life’s blood to all of the functions of the body. The life’s blood of Extreme History is its people. The scope of our dreams requires support and assistance from a wide variety of people and organizations. Our friendships and connections will create the heart of The Extreme History Project: o Historical Activists and Co-directors: Marsha Fulton and Crystal Alegria o Board of Directors: Shane Doyle – education (Montana State University, Kevin Kooistra - History (Western Heritage Center), Scott Carpenter - archaeology (InterResources Management) o Partnerships: Adam Sings in the Timber (photography and filmmaking), Barney Old Coyote (Crow Tribe Historian), Tim and Randy Jacobson (Up A Creek Films), Zena Dell Lowe (writing and filmmaking), Jim Walker (The Archaeological Conservancy), Rosamond Stanton (The Archaeological Conservancy), Bill Peterson (History and Tourism), Kate McCourt (Virginia City Archaeology), Steve Platt (Archaeologist, Montana Dept. of Transportation), Pennie Redli (Director, Museum of the Bearthooths), Susan Stewart (Director, Plenty Coups State Park and Museum), Pat Bauerle, Mardell Plainfeather, Tim Urbaniak, Tim McCleary (Crow Tribe Archaeologist), Shelly Bluejay Pierce (Public Relations). o Partnering Organizations: Project Archaeology, The Archaeological Conservancy, The Crow Tribe, Montana State University, Museum of the Rockies, Montana Heritage Commission, Montana Department of Transportation, Montana Archaeological Society, Museum Association of Montana, Museum of the Beartooths, Little Big Horn College, University of Montana, The Montana State Historic Preservation Office, National Museum of the American Indian, Plenty Coups State Park and Museum. The Western Heritage Center. o Consultants: Steve Aaburg (archaeology), Jack Fisher (archaeology), Jeanne Moe (archaeology education), Ivy Merriott (education), Laurie Bishop (fundraising), Bonnie Satchetello-Sawyer (Crow Tribal issues), Tim Urbaniak (technology), Kate Hampton (Historic Preservation), Janine Pease (education), Denise Juneau (education), Bill Yellowtail (tribal issues and government), Brad Robinson (non-profit support). o Supporters: Pat Davidson, Jim Bechtel (artist), Philip Fletcher, Storrs Bishop (artist), Stan Wilmoth (Montana State Archaeologist), Mark Baumler (Montana State Historic Preservation Officer) , Ellen Baumler (Montana Historian), Helen Keremediev (Historian), Cheri Botic (Archaeologist, Historian), Terri Blackburn (Fort Parker descendant), Terence Capellini (Archaeologist, Forensic Anthropologist). 14
  15. 15. Arms The embrace of enfolding arms offering comfort, assistance, support and confidence. Humans are blessed with long, enveloping arms to reach out and hold each other close. The Extreme History Project wishes to reach out its long arms to recognize and support projects and other work which promote ideas that are central to our mission. We will offer such projects a home at Extreme History where we can partner and help fiscally manage such projects. We will follow through with support and promotion of such projects in the hopes of inspiring other individuals, groups or organizations to promote the ideals of historical activism. We will also promote projects, work and ideas on our website which express similar thoughts and motives as to our own. Finally, we will mentor and advise others wishing to create projects which share our mission and goals. Support Criteria: Selection of collaborative opportunities will be based on Board’s understanding of alliance with the goals and mission of the Extreme History Project the quality and thoroughness of the project and its outcome proper and quality evaluation procedures of project Quality, experience and integrity of the people involved with the project. What The Extreme History Project can potentially offer such partnerships Grant finding and writing assistance Fiscal management of awarded grants Project planning and organizing assistance Project management Work and meeting space Advertising and marketing assistance Graphic Design assistance Mentoring and guidance The Extreme History Project hopes to pave the way for others interested in finding ways of making history relevant in order to make a better world. 15
  16. 16. Hands The Gemini twins, Castor and Pollux, were inseparable, though one was immortal and one human. Even in their differences, they benefitted and supported each other through many heroic deeds. The Extreme History Project holds out its hands to its organizational “brothers” with whom it hopes to collaborate and mutually support. The Extreme History Project’s Co- Directors are integrally connected to these organizations and the boundaries of their roles in each organization are defined here. Project Archaeology Project Archaeology is a national heritage education organization. Project Archaeology is based out of Montana State University (MSU) in Bozeman, MT. Project Archaeology uses archaeological inquiry to foster understanding of past and present cultures; improve social studies and science education; and enhance citizenship education to help preserve our archaeological legacy. Project Archaeology is a comprehensive archaeology and heritage education program for everyone interested in learning or teaching about our nation’s rich cultural legacy and protecting it for future generations to learn from and enjoy. Project Archaeology includes publications, professional development for educators, networking opportunities, and continuing support for participants. Using an innovative hands-on approach to history, Project Archaeology teaches scientific inquiry, citizenship, personal ethics and character, and cultural understanding. Project Archaeology focuses on designing curriculum for upper elementary age students in formal teaching arenas. This curriculum is then delivered via professional development to educators who attend Project Archaeology workshops, courses, and events. Project Archaeology has focused on the formal education system, and is working towards developing curriculum for students in informal settings such as museums, interpretive Centers and other informal learning venues. Project Archaeology is currently funded by state and federal funds, the majority of funding coming through the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Project Archaeology and the Extreme History Project are currently collaborating on a joint endeavor: the Crow Indian Oral History Project. We hope to continue this mutually beneficial relationship with more opportunities in the future. Such collaboration requires defined boundaries and here the boundaries are clearly defined. Aspects of the project having to do with archaeology-based K-8 curriculum are defined as Project Archaeology opportunities and responsibilities. All other aspects of projects will be defined as Extreme History responsibilities. The Extreme History Project’s Co-Director Crystal Alegria is the Montana State Coordinator for Project Archaeology. As such, she earns a regular salary from Project Archaeology as well as being additionally compensated for any teacher workshops which she organizes and 16
  17. 17. implements. In joint projects between The Extreme History Project and Project Archaeology,Crystal’s compensation will be clearly defined as to which organization will be providing thecompensation. This information will be written in a statement which will be included in theproject paperwork. Such situations will be determined on a case-by-case basis and will includeinput by the Board of the Extreme History Project as well as the Project Lead from ProjectArchaeology.The Extreme History Project’s Co-Director Marsha Fulton occasionally contracts with ProjectArchaeology to provide assistance to Crystal Alegria when requested. Such contracts will beclearly defined as Project Archaeology-based opportunities with compensation being paidthrough Project Archaeology. In instances of collaboration between Project Archaeology andthe Extreme History Project, Marsha’s compensation will be solely provided by the ExtremeHistory Project and her role will be solely as an employee of the Extreme History Project.The Montana Site Stewardship ProgramCrystal Alegria is also the director of the Montana Site Stewardship Program. The MSSPpromotes public awareness of both pre-contact and historic cultural resources inMontana. The program trains volunteers to monitor archaeological and historical sitesin danger of acts of nature, theft or vandalism. Crystal is compensated for her workwith the Montana Site Stewardship Program. In any joint ventures between theMontana Site Stewardship Program and The Extreme History Project, Crystal’scompensation will be clearly defined by each program and documented within theproject plan.The Montana Archaeological SocietyThe Montana Archaeological Society was created to stimulate interest in and promoteresearch into the archaeology of Montana. Encourage increased public appreciation andinvolvement in this fascinating process. Develop a bond among both professionals and non-professionals interested in Montana archaeology and to direct their efforts into scientificchannels and to advocate and assist in the conservation and preservation of archaeologicalsites and materials.Crystal Alegria is President of the Montana Archaeological Society for 2011-12 and MarshaFulton is a board member. The annual society conference will be a forum for Extreme Historyprojects and presentations. 17
  18. 18. Mind The human imagination is the foundation of all human actions. The mind of Extreme history is limited only as far as our imaginations can soar. Countless projects wait on the horizon. Here are our first adventures. THE FORT PARKER PROJECT Mission: Project Mission Learn more about Fort Parker to understand the history of the reservation period from multiple viewpoints and multiple voices. To understand the legacy of the reservation period for all peoples To explore this history for potential answers to current reservation issues. To educate the communities of this time period and its legacy To generate compassion for the Apsáalooke legacy of the reservation and a call for action. To generate an understanding of the complexity of the human condition which will lead to compassion and tolerance. To instill a sense of stewardship for these sites which protects our shared history in order for them to live in our consciousness and inform our courses of future action. Description: Project Description Fort Parker was the first Crow Indian Agency established by the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868. Constructed in the spring of 1869, its beginnings paralleled the beginnings in a change of attitude and policy initiated by President Ulysses S. Grant when he took office the same year. As the first agency for the Crow Tribe, Fort Parker marked the beginning of a forced transition from their traditional buffalo hunting lifestyle to a sedentary ranching / farming subsistence. This transition was the culmination of a complex web of movements and events which included increasing European settlement in the West, decreasing buffalo herds, mining and the discovery of gold in Montana, the planned routes of the coming railroad, and the violent reaction to these pressures by their traditional enemies, the Sioux. On the national level, the ending of the Civil War shifted the spotlight to the increasing violence by Western Indian tribes due to increasing pressures of non- Indian encroachment. Older policies founded in Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal policy of the 1830s had failed and Eastern outrage over newly uncovered horrors such as the Sand Creek Massacre forced Grant to turn to religious leadership in order to develop a new approach to dealing with Western concerns. Grant’s 18
  19. 19. “peace” policy, as it would come to be known, will begin to take form during theperiod of Fort Parker, 1869 – 1875. Seen as a mixed bag, Grant’s policy wouldcome to dissolve the recognition of the collective tribal entity; however, it will alsopave the road to Indian citizenship, eventually obtained in 1924.Grant’s “peace” policy will play out at Fort Parker in 1873 when Felix R. Brunot,head of the Board of Indian Commissioners – an entity created by Grant to overseethe previously corrupted Indian administration – comes to the agency for six daysof negotiations with the Crow tribe. These negotiations will lead to the cession of aconsiderable part of the reservation and the relocation of the agency headquartersto the Stillwater River. This event marks the intersection of local and nationalhistory as Grant’s policy plays out at Fort Parker and a delegation of Crow tribalchiefs travel to Washington to meet the president.For the Crow tribe, much of this history has been lost. Their ancestors who livedthrough this period chose not to “officially” remember the pain and suffering bymarking it within the known oral tradition. Today, however, members of the tribehope to recover this important part of their history. Though a time of greatdifficulty and change, it was also a place where ancestors were born, married anddied, where significant events occurred that shaped who they are today and assuch, it is a place to be known. The Extreme History Project hopes to work withmembers of the tribe to return this history to the Crow people by making FortParker and the early reservation period: 1851 – 1875, the focus of this project.Project Outcomes: Fort Parker Documentary Crystal and Marsha have been approached by PBS Montana to create a documentary based on the book and the reservation period for the Crow Tribe. Extreme History will partner with Randi and Tim Jacobson of Up A Creek Films to create this film which hopes to highlight the legacy of the reservation period on life on the Crow Reservation today. Fort Parker Site Acquisition The site of Fort Parker is in private hands. Extreme History has been in contact with the Archaeological Conservancy to acquire the site from the current landowners and preserve it for posterity. Extreme History will partner with the Conservancy to monitor the site, create interpretation and educational programming for the site. Extreme History will also partner with the current Fort Parker landowners to create historical tourism opportunities for the Mission Creek Lodge. Fort Parker Oral History Project In order to get the Crow perspective on Fort Parker and its time period, Extreme History in collaboration with Project Archaeology has received a grant from the Montana Department of Transportation to film and document Crow oral histories of Fort Parker and the reservation period. The transcripts and media will be made available to the general public by distribution to various institutions in Montana as well as several planned and ongoing public presentations. 19
  20. 20. Fort Parker Digital Research Archive Extreme History will create an online digital research archive of all Fort Parker materials making future research easily accessible through the Extreme History Website.ExtremeExtreme History Experiences People love history. This fact is clear from the success of documentaries on the History and Discovery Channels and the numbers of tourists flocking to important historical sites around the country. From Gettysburg to the Getty Museum, people from all over the world want to experience history in a personal and meaningful way. The Extreme History Project recognizes this need to personally experience historical events and places and will meet this need by creating and offering unique historical opportunities and experiences. These experiences will include: Historian-guided tours of historical sites Archaeology volunteer opportunities at excavations Museum volunteer opportunities School field trips and opportunities Teacher education opportunities As an example of these tours, starting in the summer of 2012, The Extreme History project will create a unique historical week-long vacation package for Virginia City Montana. The travel package will include accommodation in a historic building in Virginia City, guided tours of Virginia City and Nevada City by local historians and living history specialists, including access to some of the areas off-limits to other visitors. Curation volunteer experiences at the McFarland Curatorial facility, opportunity to excavate at a real archaeological site in Nevada City along with organized social events which will re-create the feeling of living in Virginia City during the time of the gold rush. Participants will experience history in a unique and personal way, Virginia City and the Montana Heritage Commission will gain needed revenue as well as some volunteer assistance and the Extreme History Project will gain support and funding for expenses. It’s a win – win situation for everyone involved. 20
  21. 21. Voice MAKE A JOYFUL NOISE! You can’t be known if you can’t be heard. The Extreme History Project hopes to shout its mission and projects from the rooftops! Our Marketing Plan Website and blog: The Extreme History Project Website and Blog is at This will be our primary online base of operations. Here we will regularly update our projects and events, support and promote others whose work aligns with our Mission as well as express our thoughts and ideas about the relevancy of public history. Supporters can subscribe to the blog / website to receive regular updates and all updates will be posted to Facebook. We will also offer merchandise for sale on the website which will go toward supporting our organization and projects. Newsletter: The Extreme History Project will offer a quarterly newsletter called Historical Activism both in print form and online, which will focus on the organizations mission, projects and impacts. This will go out to all interested parties and also be linked on the website. Online Marketing and Promotion • Squidoo: We will create a series of Squidoo Lenses (webpages) which will describe the organization’s mission and projects as well as offer special interest pages about interesting historical information. Each Squidoo Lens will offer merchandise for sale through Amazon, Café Press and other entities which we will then earn a passive income through sales and visits. The Squidoo Lenses will link to the webpage and the webpage will link to the Lenses. • YouTube: We will produce a variety of videos using photos, text and music which will promote our various projects and support our mission. These videos will be uploaded to YouTube and linked to our website and Squidoo Lenses. • Slideshare: All PowerPoint presentations, documents and brochures will be uploaded to Slideshare and linked on our Webpage and Squidoo Lenses. • Facebook: We will create a facebook page and draw followers to promote our mission and projects. All updates to any of our online marketing will be posted to Facebook. • Wikipedia: We will create a Wikipedia page for our organization as well as for all of our projects. The Wikipedia page will link to all of our online Marketing entities. 21
  22. 22. • Flickr: Photos of events and projects will be uploaded to Flickr and then linked to all of our online entities.Our Public Relations Plan Writing and Publishing: We will continue to document and write about our process and our perspective concerning historical activism and publish these writings in a number of media and venues including: magazines, newspapers and pamphlets as well as online blogs, forums and sites such as Scribd. Public Presentations: We will occasionally offer free public presentations on our mission and our work to build good will in the community as well as keep our name and mission in mind of the community. Press Releases: all steps in the process of projects as well as any new changes to the organization will be communicated through press releases to the general and online media. 22
  23. 23. Wings If man had wings he could escape the earthly plain and soar with the angels, higher and higher, until he touched the face of the sun. Our hopes for the Extreme History Project soar with winged man through the atmosphere and beyond. With each commitment we make, with each project we undertake, we expand our borders and connect with others whose ideas align with ours. We will expand and make room for all those who seek future social change through an understanding of the processes of past. We will invite them into the fold to expand our mission and our accomplishments. We will take every opportunity to evaluate our methods, think outside the box and make changes where necessary. We imagine growth beyond our limitations. 23