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EXCLAMATORY WORDS IS USED TO SHOW A VAST RANGE OF EMOTIONS OR A STRONG EMOTIONAL 
RESPONSES. 
( LOVE, ANGER, HAPPINESS, CO...
• AN EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE IS USED EXPRESS A SUDDEN EMOTION. IT COULD BE FEAR, 
ANGER, ANXIETY, ADMIRATION, EXCITEMENT ETC....
WHEN PUNCTUATING AN EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE, THE EXCLAMATION MARK 
SHOULD BE AT THE SENTENCE END, NOT IN THE MIDDLE OF THE SE...
1. EXPRESSING IDEAS SUCH AS JOY, ADMIRATION, SURPRISE AND WONDER 
EXAMPLE : 
- WELL DONE ! 
- BRAVO ! 
- EXCELLENT ! 
- HO...
We can use these modal verbs (also 
called modals of deduction, speculation or 
certainty) when we want to make a guess 
a...
THE PAST 
• STRUCTURE: MODAL + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE 
MUST HAVE BEEN, CAN'T HAVE GONE, COULDN'T HAVE GONE 
• WE USE MUST ...
•MAY / MIGHT / COULD HAVE - TO EXPRESS PROBABILITY IN THE 
PAST 
• STRUCTURE: MODAL + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE 
MAY HAVE BEE...
Exclamatory words, phrases and sentences (1)
Exclamatory words, phrases and sentences (1)
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Exclamatory words, phrases and sentences (1)

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Exclamatory words, phrases and sentences (1)

  1. 1. EXCLAMATORY WORDS IS USED TO SHOW A VAST RANGE OF EMOTIONS OR A STRONG EMOTIONAL RESPONSES. ( LOVE, ANGER, HAPPINESS, CONFUSION, ELATION OR ANY OTHER TYPED OF EXUBERANT EXUBERANT EMOTION). FOR EXAMPLE: - WOW! - HOW TERRIBLE! - AMAZING! - HOW AWESOME! - FANTASTIC! - HOW INTERESTING!
  2. 2. • AN EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE IS USED EXPRESS A SUDDEN EMOTION. IT COULD BE FEAR, ANGER, ANXIETY, ADMIRATION, EXCITEMENT ETC. • RULE NUMBER ONE: IF THE NOUN IN YOUR SENTENCE IS PLURAL, THE CORRECT CHOICE CORRECT CHOICE IS WHAT, NOT HOW. “WHAT FANTASTIC DRESSES THESE ARE!” “WHAT A FANTASTIC DRESS THIS!”
  3. 3. WHEN PUNCTUATING AN EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE, THE EXCLAMATION MARK SHOULD BE AT THE SENTENCE END, NOT IN THE MIDDLE OF THE SENTENCE. “FANTASTIC, WE CLOSED THE DEAL!” • FOR EXAMPLE: NO, YOU DID NOT HAVE PERMISSION TO STAY OUT THIS LATE! (ANGER) I CAN’T FIGURE THIS OUT! (FRUSTRATION) OUR TEAM WON THE CHAMPIONSHIP! (HAPPINESS) I DON’T KNOW WHAT HAPPENED HERE! (CONFUSION) I SIMPLY ADORE YOU! (LOVE) I JUST WON THE LOTTERY! (ELATION) MY LIFE WILL NEVER BE THE SAME WITHOUT YOU! (SORROW) OH, I DIDN’T SEE YOU COME IN! (SURPRISE)
  4. 4. 1. EXPRESSING IDEAS SUCH AS JOY, ADMIRATION, SURPRISE AND WONDER EXAMPLE : - WELL DONE ! - BRAVO ! - EXCELLENT ! - HOW LOVELY ! - CONRATULATIONS !
  5. 5. We can use these modal verbs (also called modals of deduction, speculation or certainty) when we want to make a guess about something. We choose the verb depending on how sure we are.
  6. 6. THE PAST • STRUCTURE: MODAL + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE MUST HAVE BEEN, CAN'T HAVE GONE, COULDN'T HAVE GONE • WE USE MUST HAVE TO EXPRESS THAT WE FEEL SURE THAT SOMETHING WAS TRUE. FOR EXAMPLE: THEY MUST HAVE LEFT EARLY. HE MUST HAVE ALREADY GONE. • WE USE CAN'T HAVE / COULDN'T HAVE TO SAY THAT WE BELIEVE SOMETHING WAS IMPOSSIBLE. FOR EXAMPLE: HE CAN'T HAVE ESCAPED THROUGH THIS WINDOW. IT IS TOO SMALL. SHE CAN'T HAVE SAID THAT. SHE COULDN'T HAVE SAID THAT.
  7. 7. •MAY / MIGHT / COULD HAVE - TO EXPRESS PROBABILITY IN THE PAST • STRUCTURE: MODAL + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE MAY HAVE BEEN, COULD HAVE GONE, MIGHT HAVE LOST • WE USE MAY / COULD / MIGHT HAVE TO SAY THAT IT WAS POSSIBLE THAT SOMETHING HAPPENED IN THE PAST (BUT WE ARE NOT 100% SURE). FOR EXAMPLE: HE MAY HAVE MISSED THE BUS. THE ROAD MIGHT HAVE BEEN BLOCKED. • THE NEGATIVES ARE MAY NOT HAVE AND MIGHT NOT HAVE. FOR EXAMPLE: HE MAY NOT HAVE LEFT YET. THE ASSISTANT MIGHT NOT HAVE RECEIVED HIS MESSAGE.

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