James Earl Hamilton Marsden - Ancestors


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Hamilton succeeded to his father’s lordship and inherited his lands when his father died in 1479.In 1489 his first cousin King James IV made him Sheriff of Lanark, a position his father had previously had, and a Scottish Privy Counsellor.[2] By 28 April 1490 he was married to Elizabeth Home, daughter of Alexander Home, 2nd Lord Home.

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James Earl Hamilton Marsden - Ancestors

  2. 2. AN C ESTO RS
  3. 3. James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran’s ancestors in three generations James Hamilton, 1st Earl of ArranFather – James Hamilton, 1st Lord HamiltonEarly lifeJames Hamilton was the son of James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5thLaird of Cadzow. He was born at Cadzow Castle, SouthLanarkshire. He first appears on record on a charter of 1426,granting him the rights to the lands of Dalserf, which had beenalienated by his father.Douglas connectionHamilton was intimately connected with the powerful House ofDouglas: his mother was a daughter of the Douglas Lord ofDalkeith, and also through his marriage in 1439/1440 with LadyEuphemia Graham, the youthful widow of Archibald Douglas, 5thEarl of Douglas and daughter of Euphemia Stewart, Countess ofStrathearn. Hamilton became stepfather to the young 6th Earl ofDouglas, his brother David, both who would be murdered inNovember 1440 at the ‘Black Dinner’ at Edinburgh Castle in thepresence of James II. Furthermore he was the stepfather ofMargaret Douglas, known as the “Fair Maid of Galloway”, who wasto marry her cousins William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas,and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas.
  4. 4. Paternal Grandfather – James Hamilton of CadzowSir James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5th Laird of Cadzow (b. bef. 1397 – d. c.1440) was a Scottish nobleman and royal hostage.The son of Sir John Hamilton of Cadzow and his wife, Janet Douglas, JamesHamilton is first attested to in 1397. In a writ of that year, his father Sir JohnHamilton granted him the lands and privileges of Kinneil, in return for thesuperiority of all property that had been promised to him through hismarriage after his attainment of majority.Hamilton next comes to notice in a Safe-conduct issued by Henry V ofEngland to travel to Calthorpe Castle in Lincolnshire.In 1424, Hamilton was one of the Scottish Lords allowed passageto Durham to visit the captive James I of Scotland. In the same year, he wasone of many Scots hostages given to the English as security for the paymentof the ransom of the newly freed King of Scots. His estate was valued at500 merks.Hamilton was confined first at Fotheringay Castle, then at Dover Castle. Heappears to have been released by 1426. He was invested as a knight before1430.Hamilton died not later than 1441, when his son is described as Lord ofCadzow.PaternityHe was the son of Janet (or Jacoba) Douglas, daughter of Sir James Douglas,1st Lord Dalkeith, but his paternity is uncertain. Douglas’s husband wasSir John Hamilton of Cadzow and it was long thought that he was James’sfather. However DNA testingof Hamilton descendants in the HamiltonSurname DNA Project suggests that Sir John was not his biologicalfather.The male-line descendants of James’ brother Walter and his uncleJohn are similar while the descendants of James are distinct, suggesting hisbiological father was not a Hamilton.
  5. 5. Paternal Great-Grandfather: John Hamilton of CadzowSir John Hamilton of Cadzow, 4th Laird of Cadzow (b. bef. 1370 – d. c. 1402) was a Scottish noblemanand soldier.He succeeded his father, David Hamilton of Cadzow, no later than 1392, when he appears on a charterof Andrew Murray of Touchadam as Dominus de Cadzow.He was imprisoned, along with his brothers William and Andrew, in Norwich in 1396. Richard II ofEngland ordered their release from the Mayor and bailies of that city on 29 June. It appears that theirimprisonment was due to violations of the truce between the Kingdoms of England and Scotland. A JohnHamilton, either his brother John Hamilton of Bardowie, or uncle John Hamilton of Fingalton, was releasedfrom the Tower of London on the same date. Hamilton and his uncle seem to have found themselves guestsof the English again, when at a meeting of Border commissioners at Hawdenstank on 28 October 1398, thefirst point of business was the release of Hamilton of Cadzow, and Hamilton of Fingalton and others in theirentourage. The Hamiltons had been caught at sea by English privateers, again in violation of the truce. TheEnglish were urged to release the ship and restore their goods to them, or alternatively pay suitablerecompense.There is no record of Hamilton’s death, though it is possible that he was one of the prisoner fatalities atthe Battle of Homildon Hill in 1402, where a Sir John Hamilton, elder, appears on a list of captives.Marriage and childrenJohn Hamilton married Janet or Jacoba Douglas, daughter of Sir James Douglas, 1st Lord Dalkeith, prior to1388. It was thought that he had three sons by her:•James Hamilton of Cadzow•David Hamilton of Dalserf•Walter Hamilton of RaplochHowever DNA testing of descendants of James and Walter in the Hamilton Surname DNA Project show thatthese two did not have the same father. The DNA project shows that the descendants of Walter and his uncleJohn Hamilton of Fingalton are related, which suggests that James’s biological father was not from the samefamily
  6. 6. Paternal Great-grandmother: James Douglas, 1st Lord Dalkeith James Douglas, 1st Lord Dalkeith (born ca. 1356 and died before 22 May 1441) was a Scottish nobleman born in Dalkeith,Midlothian, Scotland to Sir James Douglas and Agnes Dunbar. He married Elizabeth (Princess) Stewart, daughter of King Robert III, about the year 1387. They had four children before she died: William, James, Henry, and Margaret. He later remarried Janet Borthwick. Paternal Grandmother: Janet Livingston of CallanderPaternal Great-Grandfather:Sir Alexander Livingston of Callander Paternal Great-Grandmother: Mother – Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran   Princess Mary, Countess of Arran (13 May 1453 – May 1488) was the eldest daughter of King James II of Scotland and Mary of Guelders. Her brother was KingJames III of Scotland. She married twice; firstly to Thomas Boyd, 1st Earl of Arran; secondly to James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton. It was through her children by her second husband that the Hamilton Earls of Arran and Stewart Lennoxes derived their claim to the Kingdom of Scotland.
  7. 7. Maternal Grandfather – James II of ScotlandJames II of ScotlandJames II (16 October 1430 – 3 August 1460), who reigned as king ofScots from 1437 on, was the son of James I and Joan Beaufort. Nothing isknown of his early life, but by his first birthday his only brother, Alexander,who was also older, had died, thus making James the heir apparent and Dukeof Rothesay. Curiously enough, James held no other titles while Duke ofRothesay. On 21 February 1437, James I wasassassinated and the six-year-oldDuke of Rothesay immediately succeeded him as James II.In 1449, nineteen-year-old James married fifteen-year-old Mary of Guelders,daughter of the Duke of Gelderland. She had numerous royal ancestors suchas John II of France and John of Bohemia. She bore him seven children, six ofwhom survived into adulthood. Subsequently, the relationsbetween Flanders and Scotland became better. James’s nickname, Fiery Face,referred to a conspicuous vermilion birthmarkon his face which appears tohave been deemed by contemporaries an outward sign of a fiery temper.James was a politic, and singularly successful king. He was popular with thecommoners, with whom, like most of the Stewarts, he socialized often, both intimes of peace and war. His legislation has a markedly popular character. Hedoes not appear to have inherited his father’s taste for literature, which was“inherited” by at least two of his sisters; but the foundation of the university ofGlasgow during his reign, byBishop Turnbull, shows that he encouragedlearning; and there are also traces of his endowments to St. Salvator’s, the newcollege of Archbishop Kennedy at St Andrews. He possessed much of hisfather’s restless energy. However, the manner of Douglas’s death leaves a stainon his reign.
  8. 8. Maternal Great-Grandfather: James I of ScotlandJames I, King of Scots (July 1394 – 21 February 1437), was the youngest ofthree sons of King Robert III and Annabella Drummond and was probably bornin late July 1394 in Dunfermline. By the time he was eight years of age both ofhis elder brothers were dead—Robert had died in infancy, but David Stewart,Duke of Rothesay, died under suspicious circumstances in Falkland Castle whilebeing detained by his uncle,Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany. Althoughparliament exonerated Albany, fears for James’s safety grew during the winter of1405–6 and plans were made to send him to France. In February 1406, James,in the company of nobles loyal to King Robert III, clashed with those of the Earlof Douglas, forcing the prince to take temporary refuge on the Bass Rock inthe Forth estuary. He remained there until mid-March, when he boarded a vesselbound for France, but English pirates captured the ship on 22 March anddelivered James to Henry IV of England. A few days later, on 4 April Robert IIIdied, and the 12 year-old uncrowned King of Scots began his 18-year detention.James was given a good education at the English court, where he developedrespect for English methods of governance and for Henry V to the extent that heserved in the English army against the French during 1420–1. The Duke ofAlbany’s son, Murdoch, held a prisoner in England following his capture in1402, was traded for Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, in 1416. By the timeJames was ransomed in 1424, Murdoch had succeeded his father to thedukedom and the governorship of Scotland. In April 1424 James, accompaniedby his wife Joan Beaufort, daughter of the Earl of Somerset, returned toScotland. It was not altogether a popular re-entry to Scottish affairs, since Jameshad fought on behalf of Henry V and at times against Scottish forces in France.Additionally, his £40,000 ransom meant increased taxes to cover the repaymentsand the detention of Scottish nobles as collateral. Despite this, James also heldqualities that were admired. The contemporary Scotichronicon by WalterBowerdescribed James as excelling at sport and appreciative of literature andmusic. Unlike his father and grandfather he did not take mistresses, but hadmany children by his consort, Queen Joan. The king had a strong desire toimpose law and order on his subjects, but applied it selectively at times.
  9. 9. Maternal Great-Grandmother: Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scots Joan Beaufort (c. 1404 – 15 July 1445) was the Queen Consort of Scotland from 1424 to 1437 as the spouse of King James I of Scotland. During part of the minority of her sonJames II (from 1437 to 1439), she served as the Regent of Scotland Background and early life She was a daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, and Margaret Holland and half-niece of King Henry IV of England. Joan was named after her aunt, Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland. James of Scotland fell in love with her during his time as a prisoner in England (1406–1424). She is said to have been the inspiration for James’s famous long poem, The Kingis Quair, written in his captivity after he saw her from his window in the garden. The powerful Beauforts put pressure on Henry V to release him so they could get married. Queen Catherine also urged him to do so. Discussions were held, and it was decided that her dowry would be subtracted from his ransom.   Queen of Scotland On 2 February 1424 at Southwark Priory (now Southwark Cathedral), Joan married James I. They were feasted at Winchester Palace that year by her uncle Cardinal Henry Beaufort. She joined him on his return from captivity to Scotland that year. At his coronation atScone, when James received the allegiance of his Tenants-in-chief, he had them swear their allegiance to Joan as well, as if she was a co-monarch. As queen, she often pleaded with the king for those who might be executed. The royal couple had eight children, including the future James II, and Margaret of Scotland, spouse of Louis XI of France.
  10. 10. Maternal Grandmother – Mary of GueldersMary of Guelders (c. 1434 – 1 December 1463) was the Queen Consort of Scotland as the wife of King James IIof Scotland. She served as Regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463. BackgroundShe was the daughter of Arnold, Duke of Guelders, and Catherine of Cleves, a great-aunt of Anne of Cleves. Shewas a great-niece of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy. Burgundian courtPhilip and his wife Isabella of Portugal at first planned to have Mary betrothed to Charles, Count of Maine, buther father could not pay the dowry. Mary stayed on at the Burgundian court, where Isabella frequently paid forher expenses. Mary attended Isabella’s daughter-in-law Catherine of France, while she herself was attendedupon by ten people. The duke and duchess then started negotiations for a Scottish marriage. Philip promised topay her dowry, while Isabella paid for her trousseau. William Crichton came to the Burgundian court to escorther back to ScotlandMarriage and childrenShe landed in Scotland in June 1449 and both nobles and the common people came to see her as she made herway to Holyrood Abbey. Mary married James II, King of Scots, at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh on 3 July 1449.A sumptuous banquet was given, while the Scottish king gave her several presents. It had been agreed that anysons they might have would have no right to the duchy of Guelders.James and Mary had seven children together:•An unnamed son. {Both born and died on 19 May 1450).•James III of Scotland (1451–1488).•Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany (c. 1454 – 1485).•David Stewart, Earl of Moray (c. 1456 – 1457. He was created Earl of Moray on 12 February 1456.•John Stewart, 1st Earl of Mar and Garioch (c. 1459 – 1479).•Princess Margaret of Scotland. Married William Crichton, 3rd Lord Crichton of Auchingoul. She became themother of Margaret Crichton and mother-in-law of George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes.•Princess Mary of Scotland (May 1453-May 1488). Married first Thomas Boyd, 1st Earl of Arran andsecondly James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton. She became the mother of James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran.
  11. 11. Maternal Great-grandfather: Arnold, Duke of GueldersArnold, Duke of Guelders Arnold of Egmond (14 July 1410, Egmond-Binnen, North Holland – 23February 1473,Grave) was Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen. He wasson of John II of Egmond andMaria van Arkel.On 11 July 1423, Arnold of Egmond, who was still a boy in years,succeeded Duke Reinald IV. Arnold was the grandson of Reinald’s sister,Johanna. Although the Emperor Sigismund had invested the Duke ofBerg with the duchy of Gelders, Arnold retained the confidence ofthe Estates by enlarging their privileges, and enjoyed the support ofDuke Philip of Burgundy. Arnold was betrothed, and afterwards unitedin marriage toCatherine of Cleves née Valois, a niece of Philip ofBurgundy. Subsequently, however, Duke Arnold fell out with his ally asto the succession to the see of Utrecht; whereupon Philip joined with thefour chief towns of Guelders in the successful attempt of Arnold’s sonAdolf to substitute his own for his father’s authority. When Charles theBold became Duke of Burgundy in 1467, after rejecting a compromise,Adolph was thrown into prison. Arnold, against the will of the towns andthe law of the land, pledged his duchy to Charles for 300,000 Rhenishflorins (1471). Upon Arnold’s death two years later, Charles tookpossession of the duchy.
  12. 12. Maternal Great-Grandmother: Catherine of Cleves (1417–1479)Catherine (25 May 1417 – 10 February 1479) was Duchess of Guelders. The Hours of Catherine of Cleves wascommissioned for her.FamilyCatherine was the daughter of Adolph I, Duke of Cleves and Marie of Burgundy. She was a niece of Philip theGood. Book of HoursThe Hours of Catherine of Cleves was commissioned for her when she married Arnold, Duke of Guelders, on26 January 1430. It shows her lineage, as well as herself in prayer. The hours had been lost for four hundredyears before resurfacing in 1856. It is one of the most richly decorated books of its kind that is preserved. Issue •Mary (c. 1431-1463), who became Queen of Scotland by marriage to James II•William (born c. 1434), died young•Margaret (c. 1436-1486, Simmern), married on 16 August 1454 to Frederick I, Count of Palatine-Simmern.•Adolf (1438–1477)•Catherine (1439 – 1496), Regent of Guelders in 1477–1481.