My Teaching Philosophy By: Nannette Marrero Berríos EDPE 4018 Dr. Aníbal Muñoz
What is Teaching?• The activities of educating, instructing or teaching• Activities that impart knowledge or skill• The act or business of instructing• The profession of a teacher
What is Philosophy?•A particular philosophical system or theory; the hypothesis by which particular phenomena are explained.• Any personal belief about how to live or how to deal with a situation.• The rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics.
What is Theory?• An exposition of the general or abstract principles of any science.• A tentative theory about the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena.• A belief that can guide behavior.
Philosophies and theories that guide me• Pragmatism • Students need to be part of their learning experiences. • The teacher has to be the agent that provides the opportunities for those experiences to occur. • The teacher has to promote critical thinking skills among the students. • Democratic education • Constructivism
Philosophies and theories that guide me• Humanism • Human beings need to satisfy their needs in order to achieve self-actualization • Human welfare
Philosophies and theories that guide me• Behaviorism • Operant Conditioning • Positive reinforcement – students have to be praised or rewarded when they act as desired. • Negative punishment - students have to be aware that if they act in an undesired way it is going to have consequences.
My Teaching Philosophy• I have always believed that all human beings are capable of learning at some degree. In order for learning to occur some needs have to be already satisfied and there has to be previous knowledge (schemata). This is where pragmatism meets humanism.• As a teacher and as Second Language Learner I should go back and analyze how did I learn in order to be able to help my students. It is easier to learn when concepts can be associated and when some sort of academic development has been achieved.
My Teaching Philosophy• A teacher has to work according to the students’ needs. I know that there is a curriculum that should be followed but, sometimes the necessities that our students have make it difficult to comply with the requirements and I believe that when a curriculum is designed it has to fit the reality and needs of the Puerto Rican children.• Every child has the potential of learning a Second Language, the key is the approach that it is going to be used and of course the reinforcement given at home.
My Teaching Philosophy• In addition, as a teacher I have to let the students know that every act has a consequence and through operant conditioning that can be done. Perhaps at the beginning the students will be skeptical or won’t take it seriously, but if the routine continues they will follow and understand it.
My Teaching Philosophy• I work for the students. I have to be in constant analysis of my work to evaluate myself and take immediate action if the strategies used aren’t working.• I am a role model, counselor, mediator, guide, psycologist. In reality a teacher is a profession with many unrecognized sub- specialties.• This is a profession of love. If you don’t feel like becoming none of the above sub-specialties, then you should reconsider your profession.
ReferencesBehaviorism. (n.d.) In About.com Psychology. Retrieved fromhttp://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/f/behaviorism.htmPhilosophy. (n.d.) In Accurate and Reliable Dictionary. Retrievedfrom http://ardictionary.com/index.phpTeaching. (n.d.) In Accurate and Reliable Dictionary. Retrievedfrom http://ardictionary.com/index.phpTheory. (n.d.) In Accurate and Reliable Dictionary. Retrieved from http://ardictionary.com/index.php