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Present Simple

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Present Simple

  1. 1. PRESENT SIMPLE Mar Pérez Martínez
  2. 2. FORMATION AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE I play I do not / don’t play Do I play? You play You do not / don’t play Do you play? He plays He does not / doesn’t play Does he play? She plays She does not / doesn’t play Does she play? It plays It does not / doesn’t play Does it play? We play We do not / don’t play Do we play? You play You do not / don’t play Do you play? They play They do not / don’t play Do they play?
  3. 3. 3rd person singular AFFIRMATIVE <ul><li>When you write the verb in third person singular you add an –s </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PLAY PLAY S </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>READ READ S </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SPEAK SPEAK S </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>In some cases you add –es </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Verbs ending in consonant + -y : the third person changes the -y to -ies: FLY FL IES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CRY CR IES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Add -es to verbs ending in:-ss, -x, -sh, -ch, -o: PASS PASS ES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CATCH CATCH ES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FIX FIX ES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PUSH PUSH ES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GO GO ES </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What’s the 3 rd person singular? <ul><li>1. push </li></ul><ul><li>2. sneeze </li></ul><ul><li>3. glorify </li></ul><ul><li>4. annoy </li></ul><ul><li>5 . kiss </li></ul><ul><li>6. deny </li></ul><ul><li>7. marry </li></ul><ul><li>push es </li></ul><ul><li>sneeze s </li></ul><ul><li>glorif ies </li></ul><ul><li>annoy s </li></ul><ul><li>kiss es </li></ul><ul><li>den ies </li></ul><ul><li>marr ies </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3rd person singular NEGATIVE and INTERROGATIVE <ul><li>NEGATIVE: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We use the auxiliary verb DOES + NOT or DOESN’T </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ She does not play the guitar” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ He doesn’t speak very much” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>INTERROGATIVE </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We use the auxiliary DOES before the subject </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Does she play the guitar?” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Does he speak three languages?” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. USES: <ul><li>We use the present simple in these cases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Habits (usually with frequency adverbs ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He usually plays baseball </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>General truths </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Earth revolves around the Sun” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Opinions, likes and feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Opinions, likes and feelings </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ I like skiing” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. TIME EXPRESSIONS <ul><li>FREQUENCY ADVERBS: </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS, OFTEN, GENERALLY, USUALLY, NORMALLY, SOMETIMES, NEVER. </li></ul><ul><li>He usually dances Hip Hop </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER TIME EXPRESSIONS : </li></ul><ul><li>EVERY DAY, EVERY MONTH, EVERY YEAR, ON SUNDAYS, AT THE WEEKENDS ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>He plays tennis everyday </li></ul>
  10. 10. Let's practice!
  11. 11. What do they do? <ul><li>The dog has a bath </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The girl eats a banana </li></ul><ul><li>The boy drinks </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>They fish in the river </li></ul>He listens to the music
  14. 14. <ul><li>He washes his teeth </li></ul><ul><li>The man watches TV </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The baby laughs </li></ul><ul><li>He cooks chicken </li></ul>

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