1. If the adjective is one syllable, you must add -er.
For example small – smaller; big – bigger; nice – nicer.
2 . If the adjective has two syllables, but ends in -y, you
must change the end to -ier.
For example lucky – luckier; happy – happier.
3. With other English adjectives of two syllables and more, y
ou can‘t change their endings. Instead, you should use
more + adjective.
For example handsome – more handsome;
beautiful – more beautiful
4. One syllable adjectives ending in –ed make the comparative:
more + adjective
For example tired – more tired
* Remember that some adjectives are IRREGULAR and
change form when you make comparisons.
good – better
bad – worse
far – further
1. Many adverbs in English end in –ly. They make the
comparative more + adverb
For example slowly – more slowly
2. Some adverbs are also IRREGULAR and change form when
you make comparisons.
well – better
badly – worse
far – further
early - earlier
When you compare two things, use 'than'.
"She's younger than me.“
"This exercise is more difficult than the last one.“
When you want to say one thing is less than another, you
can either use 'less than' or 'not as … as'.
"This programme is less interesting than I thought"
"This programme is not as interesting as I thought."
When you want to say something is similar, use:
'as … as'
"She's as tall as her brother" or "It's as nice today as it
Give the comparative form of the following
I think that speaking is ____________ (easy) than writing.
It is ___________________ (important) to be healthy than wealthy.
Mount Everest is ___________ (high) than Mont Blanc.
I am eating too much. I am much _________ (fat) than I was last
• This exercise is very easy. Can you give me something
My mother is 42 but my father's much ________ (old). He's 73.
If you don’t drive ______________ (slowly) you’re going to have an
His first book was boring but this one is ______ (good).
Robert is __________ (lazy) than anyone I know. He never lifts a
finger to work.