Manifest destiny.ppt


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  • Write notes, fill in key terms, people, places, etc. In the margins and highlight important information
  • Make a list of reasons for or against westward expansion From which view point are your opinions?
  • Draw a symbol here that represents Manifest Destiny
  • Make a connection between the references to Lexington and Yorktown
  • How did Manifest destiny win in this instance? Does it matter to the US that Texas is a slave states? Why or Why not?
  • Why did Lincoln Challenge Polk’s statement
  • What group of people will truly be negatively impacted by this treaty?
  • Manifest destiny.ppt

    1. 1. Manifest Destiny
    2. 2. List the reasons FOR & AGAINST Westward Expansion “ It is America’s right to stretch from sea to shining sea. Not only do we have a responsibility to our citizens to gain valuable natural resources we also have a responsibility to civilize this beautiful land.” Manifest Destiny More blood on the hands of Christ They call themselves Christians And gave themselves the rights Disguised as missionaries They were really after gold Many Indians died for that How many never told – DRI lyrics
    3. 3. Definition <ul><li>idea known as &quot;Manifest Destiny&quot; swept America during the 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>promoted the belief that the US had a divine mission (God given destiny) to spread from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific coast, opening the continent to American Settlement </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    4. 5. Background <ul><li>Mexico owned Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Location: SW from Louisiana to the Rio Grande & W to the foothills of the Rocky Mts. </li></ul><ul><li>When Mexico broke from Spain 1821 – sought migrants to develop Texas provided they: become Catholic & follow Mexican law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Result: failed to become Catholic and American settlers outnumbered Mexicans 10:1 </li></ul></ul>
    5. 6. Lone Star Republic Timeline <ul><li>1835 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gonzales = the “Lexington of Texas” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1836 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of the Alamo (Spanish missionary to convert “Indians”): 3000 Mexicans kill 200 Texans; 13 day siege </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>San Jacinto = “the Yorktown of Texas” </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. 1836: Texas Independence
    7. 8. Denied Statehood at 1 st … Northern opposition to adding more slave territory Feared admission of Texas as state would lead to WAR with Mexico But…principle of Manifest Destiny won out… Texas becomes state 1845 & … MEXICO THREATENS WAR!
    8. 9. Mexican/US Dispute <ul><li>Southern boundary: Mexico claimed it was the Nueces River; US claimed it was the Rio Grande </li></ul><ul><li>1846: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexican soldiers crossed the Rio Grande & attacked a small US cavalry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress declares WAR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln challenged President Polk’s statement that American blood had been spilled on American soil – Lincoln invited him to point out the spot! </li></ul></ul>
    9. 11. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo <ul><li>Terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US gains full right to Texas with Rio Grande boundary line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gained CA (US paid $5 million)& NM territory (present day AZ, UT, NV, CO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gadsden Purchase (1853) US acquired southern portion of NM for $10 – completed US expansion across the continent </li></ul></ul>
    10. 13. 1846: “54,40 or fight” = willing to fight Britain for Oregon; we compromised (49 degrees latitude)