Implementing the Environmental Education Reported by: Marlyne Montero Villareal
Environmental Education• A dynamic force to develop a Filipino population with the awareness and concern for the environment.• The process of enhancing – one’s knowledge and skills, – changing attitudes towards the environment – acting positively to address problems and issues concerning the environment.
How should EE be introduced inthe school system or in non-formal education programs?
Modes of Integration• EE in existing Subject areas• EE as a separate subject• Environmental Sciences and/or Resource Management as a Discipline
EE in Existing Subject areas• Discipline-Based Approach The list of competencies already include those relevant to environmental protection and improvement. These competencies are to be enriched and/or modified, depending on the needs of students, the demands of the community, the resources available and nature of the learning environment. EE is a form of curriculum enrichment
EE in Existing Subject areas• Application-Based/ Issues-Based Approach Environmental problems and issues are analyzed and alternative solutions are tested Provides an opportunity for learners to draw from different disciplines and skills, making them grasp the whole and the interrelationships of its parts
EE as a Separate Subject• Offering EE or an environment related course as an elective or as a required course, especially in the tertiary level Environmental Education course as an elective. Environmental science or environment oriented course are offered as an elective in upper grade levels Environmental education courses for the general student Requires all students to take an environment oriented course as a general education subject
EE as a Separate Subject (cont..)Environmental education courses for specific professions The curricula of all professions and occupations should contain specific training that makes environmental considerations part and parcel of their professional activities e.g. Environmental economics, Environmental Geology, Environmental Law, Environmental Risk Assessment and Technology and the Environment
Environmental Sciences and/ or Resource Management as a Discipline Many colleges and universities offer undergraduate and graduate specializations in ◦ Environmental Science, ◦ Environmental Engineering, ◦ Environmental Sanitation, ◦ Environment and Resource Management, ◦ Environmental Chemistry, ◦ Ecology and many others
In Focus: Integration at the Basic Education Level Important points to consider to achieve successful integration of EE Learning in the process areas of the curriculum must be given a real purpose Teachers must develop a set of understanding about the topic that are relevant and challenging Learners must, to some extent, participate in setting the direction of the unit Teachers must help develop activities that will inform them about what children already know about a given topic
• Learners must be engaged in direct, shared experiences to gather new information• Activities must be interactive and learners must be involved in a range of groupings• Learners must be given opportunities to act out what they have learned
Communication Arts Reading skills can be developed using environment related instructional materials like newspaper clippings and articles Oral skills can be developed through interpretative reading of poems and other literary pieces with environmental messages Storytelling can be used to improve communication by discussing local issues
Mathematics Computation of electricity and water bills can be used to emphasize the need to conserve energy and water Computation of forest cover and land areas, population density, rate of increase and decrease of population, etc Using mortality rates in computing probabilities, probability of extinction of a given species Ratios showing relationships of population to resources, trees to human population, rice production to consumption, etc. can be computed
Arts, Crafts and Related Course• A painted mural of a beautiful panorama on a school fence can be a starter for instilling the significance of maintaining balance of nature• The use of scrap materials and recycled articles are raw materials for projects can highlight the concepts of conservation and waste reduction
Science, Social Studies and Civics• Natural Science can give the scientific explanations for phenomenal occurrences• Social sciences can easily relate the environmental issues and concerns to the life of learners, and the consequences of environmental neglect and degradation
Physical Education, Health and Music (PEHM)• Group choral presentations with environmental messages can be encouraged• Song and dance festivals may be organized to coincide with some related celebrations• Popular songs with environmental message can be used to teach the meaning of musical technical terms like rhythm, measure beat and harmony
Whole School Responsibilities It is mandatory for schools to ensure that EE is incorporated into the whole school curriculum. Schools are required to: Integrate the aims and objectives of EE within existing teaching/learning programs; Adopt teaching/learning strategies for EE as a regular part of classroom teaching/learning; Ensure that there is a consistency between the guiding principles for EE and the school’s implementation of EE through its total curriculum; and Assess and evaluate EE
Values Education• Teachers may borrow relevant verses and precepts or religions to discuss contemporary environmental issues• Teachers may invite learners to describe and compare human activities and impact to life from two different points in time
In implementing the curriculum, schools should consider: ◦ Introducing environmental themes into existing programs or introducing additional environmental school based courses (for secondary and tertiary levels) ◦ Providing opportunities for the training of staff on strategies to effectively implement the curriculum; ◦ Promoting liaison among teachers of different years and subjects to avoid duplication of content; ◦ Including environmental principles in the overall management plan of the school ad encouraging students to participate in its implementation ◦ Introducing activities based on specific environmental themes
Role of Teachers and Educators in EE The teacher plays a significant and substantial part in EE by being a role model to students in ensuring acceptable environmental standards. Pointers to consider: ◦ It is left to the teacher’s initiative, resourcefulness and creativity to explore the use of the suggested strategies, methods ad techniques at the right time, subject and class situation ◦ EE in its widest context, is for everyone.
Co-Curricula and Extra activities• Scouts Movement, Kabataan barangay, nature clubs, sports clubs and village homeowners associations, can be tapped as venues for EE – Conduct summer camps and other forms of camping activities by the sea or in forest reservations, give the best setting for the development of good environmental ethics – Organizing nature trips and ecology – Places which have become problems in the community like Pasig River and esteros
As teachers, identify the goals you would like to achieve in the classroom, school or community In conducting EE in the classroom, school or community, there must be a systematic planning of the learning activities In general, teachers ◦ Incorporate the principles, aims, objectives and strategies of EE into existing programs whenever appropriate ◦ Help students identify environmental problems that are relevant to their lives and are solvable by them; ◦ Plan and organize activities to develop among learners or target group problem solving
Develop in learners an understanding of the relationship between local and global environmental issues Continuously network with other environment related agencies and organizations and be up to date with recent developments ad teaching resources; Arrange for field visits/studies to points of interest or organize fora where speakers and resource persons are invited to discuss environmental issues and concerns; Select learning activities that will encourage responsible actions and develop desirable values that will help improve the quality of the environment
Aim for total involvement of the studentry and target group in different hands on experiences in the community Ensure that all students/learners including those who are gifted or talented and those with disabilities of learning difficulties, receive EE which is appropriate to their needs; and Keep updated on the special dates and thrusts at the local and global levels and organize activities to drum up such celebrations ad the World Earth Day of National Environment Day.
Role of Learners in EE Students can and/or should: Find solutions to environmental problems; Probe into newspaper items, articles and other forms of media to better understand issues concerning the environment; Collect various information about the environment from various sources as baseline data for discussion, and information for dissemination; Explicitly show his/her feelings about and for the environment through various forms of expression like fine arts, performing arts, music, poetry and literature
Get involved in extra-curricular and co-curricular activities by forming and joining environment- related organizations and societies to learn more about the environment and help solve environmental problems Campaign for environmental protection and conservation through recycling activities, information dissemination, purchase of environment-friendly products, replanting, fund- raising activities like composting and sale of recycled products, etc,; and Initiate projects for environmental protection and conservation in school and/or community levels.