State of-the-filipino-youth-(revised)

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  • hello sir. may use this presentation on my lecture with my youth constituents in Polomolok, South Cotabato? I am Jon Leo Licayan, a councilor of Barangay Poblacion, Polomolok, South Cotabato. Thanks!
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State of-the-filipino-youth-(revised)

  1. 1. National Youth Commission
  2. 2. YOUTH “… is a critical period in a person’s growth and development from the onset of adolescence towards the peak of mature, self-reliant and responsible adulthood comprising the considerable sector of the population from the age of fifteen (15) to thirty (30) years.” sole policy-coordinating agency of the government on youth development
  3. 3. PHILIPPINE YOUTH POPULATION 2002-projected : 23.7 Million : 1/3 of population
  4. 4. Four Sub-sectors of Youth:  In-School Youth (ISY)  Out-of-School Youth (OSY)  Working Youth (WY)  Youth with Special Needs (YSN)
  5. 5. In- School Youth Definition:  15 – 30 years old  Attending either formal school system or non-school based educational program School Year 2000 - 2001 Elementary 12,680,936 High School 5,167,553 College 2,399,268
  6. 6. Trend Upside:  Increasing school participation of students  establishment of additional schools  improved resource allocation for the educational sector  passage of landmark laws and legislation affecting the in-school youth Downside:  lack of improvement in the performance indicators of basic education  low success rate in professional examinations  a still inadequate number of secondary and tertiary schools  increasing proportion of educated among the unemployed
  7. 7. Out- of - School Youth Definition:  Not enrolled in any formal or vocational school  Not employed and not a tertiary level graduate Population • 9.5 million in 1999 • more are in urban areas (62%)
  8. 8. Upside:  more supportive policy and program environment Downside:  a growing population of OSY  an increasing number of rural youth among the OSY population  lack of plans among many OSY to continue their education  traditional and cultural norms that factor into the OSY problem  low participation in productive endeavors
  9. 9. In Education 3 pass licensure exam 7 take licensure exam 1 is employed 12 graduate in tertiary education 21 enroll in tertiary education 40 graduate in Secondary Education 90 enroll in Grade 1 100 school age kids
  10. 10. Working Youth Definition:  15 – 30 years old  either employed, self-employed, underemployed, or belong to specific employable job-seeking youth groups both in the formal and informal sectors Population • Numbers 12 Million
  11. 11. Upside:  increasing labor force participation of young women  availability of labor market-based training programs  opportunities arising from globalization  better policy environment for young workers Downside:  slow pace of job creation in the country  wide disparity in the labor force participation between men and women  continued hiring of minors  vulnerability of young overseas Filipino workers  poor implementation of labor laws and standards
  12. 12. Youth with Special Needs Definition:  Includes ten major clientele categories: indigenous youth, differently -abled youth, youth in situations of armed conflict, young victims of disasters and calamities, youth offenders, juvenile delinquent, drug dependent youth, street youth, abused and exploited youth, and abandoned and neglected  Highly-diversified with different concerns and aspirations  Most often marginalized and discriminated
  13. 13. Trend Upside:  Passage of significant laws and policies  Implementation of programs and projects Downside:  increasing population of the sub-groups  lack of relevant information and data
  14. 14. Youth and Children with Special Needs  17, 929 are abused  60,000 pushed to prostitution, 3200 expected to join every year  1.5 million are living on the streets increasing 6,400 per year  20, 000 in conflict with the law Source: Philippine Resource Center, 1997-1999
  15. 15. Youth and Children with Special Needs PROPORTIONS PER TYPE OF ABUSE  Physical- 9%  Sexual- 71%  Both Physical and Sexual- 4%  Neglect- 1%  No Validation- 15% Source: Philippine Resource Center, 1997-1999
  16. 16. W hat are now the tough issues faced by the youth leaders ?
  17. 17. CHALLENGES & CHALLENGES & ISSUES ISSUES from the PUNK from Top Survival and Developmental Issues the PUNK ISSUE REGIONS AFFECTED TOTAL 1. Education 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,CAR,NCR,CARAGA 15 2. Employment 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,NCR,CAR,CARAGA 15 3. Health 1,2,3,4,6,8,9,10,11,CAR,ARMM 11 4. Reproductive Health 1,2,3,6,7,8,9,10,NCR,CAR 11 5. Family Problems 1,2,3,4,7,6,8,12,NCR,CAR,ARMM 11 6. Environmental Awareness 1,2,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,CAR 11 7. Poverty 1,2,3,4,7,8,10,CAR,CARAGA,ARMM 10 8. Mental Health 1,2,6,7,8,10,11,CAR,NCR 9 9. Early Marriages 1,3,5,6,10,CAR,CARAGA 7 10. Moral Degradation 1,2,6,8,10,NCR,CAR 7
  18. 18. CHALLENGES & CHALLENGES & ISSUES ISSUES from the PUNK from Top Protection Issues the PUNK ISSUE REGIONS AFFECTED TOTAL 1. Substance Abuse 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,CAR,CARAGA,NCR,ARMM 16 2. Children in Conflict with Law 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,CAR,CARAGA, NCR, ARMM 16 3. Child Abuse 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,CAR,CARAGA,NCR 13 4. Child Labor 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,CAR,NCR 13 5. Pre-Marital Sex 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,CAR,NCR 12 6. Prostitution 2,4,5,6,8,9,10,12,CARAGA,NCR 11 7. Fraternities/Sororities/Hazing 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,CAR,NCR 11 8. Discrimination 2,3,4,6,8,9,11,12,ARMM 10 9. Youth with Disabilities 1,2,4,5,6,10,CAR,NCR 9 10. Sexual Harassment/Rape 1,3,4,6,8,9,CAR,NCR 8
  19. 19. CHALLENGES & CHALLENGES & ISSUES ISSUES from the PUNK from Top Participation Issues the PUNK ISSUE REGIONS AFFECTED TOTAL 1. Gov’t.-Related Problems 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,CAR,CARAGA,ARMM 14 2. Sangguniang Kabataan 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,CAR,CARAGA 12 3. Lack of Active Participation (youth) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,CARAGA,NCR 11 4. Lack of Access to Information 2,3,4,6,8,9,10 7 5. Insufficient &Inefficient Allocation of Budget 1,2,9,11,NCR 5 6. Suppression of Rights (press) 1,2,9,11,NCR 5 7. National Youth Commission 1,2,4,6 4 8. No youth Sub-Sector Rep 11,CARAGA,NCR 3 9. Ineffective Coordination among Youth Orgs 4,6 2 10. Limited Campus Orgs/Student Body Forums 1,9 2
  20. 20. CHALLENGES & CHALLENGES & ISSUES ISSUES from other related studies from other related studies Created in 1991, the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) can directly participate at all levels of governance. However, the SK is criticized for not doing enough for youth development. Some lawmakers want to abolish the SK. Lack of parental support is a key barrier to youth participation.  The situation of youth with special needs can pose as barrier to their active participation. Cultural norms and traditions tend to resist young people’s efforts in assuming leadership and responsibility.
  21. 21. CHALLENGES & CHALLENGES & ISSUES from other related ISSUES from other related studies studies Many young people have been raised to be passive and not to question authority. Lack of financial resources is a barrier in initiating youth development activities. In many parts of the country, females are given less opportunities than their male counterparts Class distinction inhibit the young people from poor families to assume leadership responsibilities. Many school administrators are seen as barriers in effective youth participation
  22. 22. CHALLENGES & CHALLENGES & ISSUES from other related ISSUES from other related studies studies Lack of time due to school and work obligations prevents young people from giving as much energy as they would like in development programs.
  23. 23. CHALLENGES & CHALLENGES & ISSUES ISSUES Youth participation should mean: – – – – – – – – – – Decision-making – Speaking – Listening – Researching – Planning – Policy-making – Advocating Implementing projects – M and E Leading Managing Teaching/learning Facilitating Negotiating Counseling Income-generating, fundraising/charity work Performing
  24. 24. CHALLENGES & CHALLENGES & ISSUES ISSUES Youth participation must happen in the: – – – – – – – – Family – School – Workplace – Health Services Centers for Children – Religious Institution – Cultural Organization Youth Associations` GOs/ NGOs Media Political organization Business/commerce Others
  25. 25. All the challenging problems faced by the youth sector may not be solved 100 days from now; nor will they be solved 1,000 days from now. But let us begin….

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