COMENIUS
MULTILATERAL SCHOOL PARTNERSHIPS
‘TRAVELLING TOWARDS MULTICULTURAL EUROPE’
The history of the carriage
in Poland
‘TRAVELLING TOWARDS
MULTICULTURAL EUROPE’
This presentation includes:
 The history of the carriage in Poland;
 Students’...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 The carriage is a horse-driven vehicle, used to
the transportation of people on a ...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 In Polish, the word ‘carriage’ means ‘dorożka’.
It comes from the Russian word ‘ ж...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 The carriage was the predecessor of an urban taxi.
 An organised profession of a ...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 Carriages were controlled by the National Police,
which issued permits and license...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 In the 18th and 19th century carriages were also
used as:
 an ambulance,
 a poli...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 Carriages can be enclosed or open.
 The ‘head’ or ‘hood’ –the top cover for the b...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 A closed carriage may have side windows, as well
as windows in the doors.
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 A carriage driver sits on a ‘box’ or ‘perch’. ‘A
dickey box’ is a term used for a ...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 In the 20th century, first regulations about the
appearence of carriages and their...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 The most famous Polish carriage driver is Jan
Kaczara (1907-1980).
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 Jan Kaczara was from Cracow.
 He started working as a carriage driver in 1923.
 ...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 This is a part of the comedy ‘Carriage driver
number 13’ from the year 1937. The p...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN
POLAND
 Jan Kaczara always wore a black bowler hat,
which was later regarded as a symbol o...
THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE
IN POLAND
 After the Second World War most of
carriages disappeared from Polish street.
 Now...
OUR ARTWORKS
OUR ARTWORKS
OUR ARTWORKS
OUR ARTWORKS
OUR ARTWORKS
OUR ARTWORKS
OUR ARTWORKS
OUR ARTWORKS
OUR ARTWORKS
OUR ARTWORKS
OUR ARTWORKS
THE PRIMARY SCHOOL IN SIEDLIN
09-100 PŁOŃSK
POLAND
Address:
Szkoła Podstawowa w Siedlinie
ul. Jana Pawła II 12
09-100 Płoń...
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Presentation about carriages

  1. 1. COMENIUS MULTILATERAL SCHOOL PARTNERSHIPS ‘TRAVELLING TOWARDS MULTICULTURAL EUROPE’ The history of the carriage in Poland
  2. 2. ‘TRAVELLING TOWARDS MULTICULTURAL EUROPE’ This presentation includes:  The history of the carriage in Poland;  Students’ artworks;  A song ‘Warsaw carriage driver’ by Olgierd Buczek.
  3. 3. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  The carriage is a horse-driven vehicle, used to the transportation of people on a small distance, mainly in towns and cities.
  4. 4. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  In Polish, the word ‘carriage’ means ‘dorożka’. It comes from the Russian word ‘ жка’, meaning a nearby journey.
  5. 5. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  The carriage was the predecessor of an urban taxi.  An organised profession of a carriage driver first appeared in 1798 in Warsaw. Later, this job started functioning in Cracow, Łódź and other big cities.
  6. 6. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  Carriages were controlled by the National Police, which issued permits and licenses.  Twice a year, each carriage had to undergo a technical inspection.  Carriage drivers charged money according to the offical price list.
  7. 7. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  In the 18th and 19th century carriages were also used as:  an ambulance,  a police car  a firefighter car.
  8. 8. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  Carriages can be enclosed or open.  The ‘head’ or ‘hood’ –the top cover for the body of a carriage, is often flexible and designed to be folded back.
  9. 9. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  A closed carriage may have side windows, as well as windows in the doors.
  10. 10. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  A carriage driver sits on a ‘box’ or ‘perch’. ‘A dickey box’ is a term used for a seat at the back for servants.
  11. 11. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  In the 20th century, first regulations about the appearence of carriages and their drivers occured:  carriages had to be black with a dark red strip at the boardsite,  they had numbers painted with white ink an the back and black ink at the front,  carriage drivers had to wear a mazarine livery with white buttons and a cap with a black peak.
  12. 12. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND
  13. 13. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  The most famous Polish carriage driver is Jan Kaczara (1907-1980).
  14. 14. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  Jan Kaczara was from Cracow.  He started working as a carriage driver in 1923.  He was known from the fact that he often spoke rhymes.  His vehicle was very famous – it had a number 13.
  15. 15. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  This is a part of the comedy ‘Carriage driver number 13’ from the year 1937. The plot is set in pre-war Warsaw. The film presents adventures of the famous carriage driver Jan Kaczara.
  16. 16. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  Jan Kaczara always wore a black bowler hat, which was later regarded as a symbol of carriage drivers.
  17. 17. THE HISTORY OF THE CARRIAGE IN POLAND  After the Second World War most of carriages disappeared from Polish street.  Nowadays, carriages are used as a tourist attraction.
  18. 18. OUR ARTWORKS
  19. 19. OUR ARTWORKS
  20. 20. OUR ARTWORKS
  21. 21. OUR ARTWORKS
  22. 22. OUR ARTWORKS
  23. 23. OUR ARTWORKS
  24. 24. OUR ARTWORKS
  25. 25. OUR ARTWORKS
  26. 26. OUR ARTWORKS
  27. 27. OUR ARTWORKS
  28. 28. OUR ARTWORKS
  29. 29. THE PRIMARY SCHOOL IN SIEDLIN 09-100 PŁOŃSK POLAND Address: Szkoła Podstawowa w Siedlinie ul. Jana Pawła II 12 09-100 Płońsk Poland www.zssiedlin.internetdsl.pl Telephone: +48 23 662 31 48

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