Present simple vs present continuous

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Present simple vs present continuous

  1. 1. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative) She work s on her basket after dinner every day.
  2. 2. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>AFFIRMATIVE: WORK </li></ul>WORK WE YOU THEY WORK S SHE HE IT WORK I YOU
  3. 3. 3 rd person singular - spelling <ul><li>1. In general, the third person singular is formed by adding an s to the base verb . </li></ul><ul><li>work He work s </li></ul><ul><li>2. Verbs ending in ss,x,ch,sh,o add “ es ” to the third person singular. </li></ul><ul><li>dress She dress es </li></ul><ul><li>fix He fix es </li></ul><ul><li>watch She watch es T.V. </li></ul><ul><li>wash She wash es </li></ul><ul><li>go It go es ! </li></ul><ul><li>3. Verbs ending in consonant + y , changes the y to i and add “ es ” </li></ul><ul><li>Consonant + y  i + es : cry – cr ies , fly – fl ies , terrify - terrif ies </li></ul>
  4. 4. What’s the 3 rd person singular? <ul><li>1. push </li></ul><ul><li>2. sneeze </li></ul><ul><li>3. glorify </li></ul><ul><li>4. annoy </li></ul><ul><li>5 . kiss </li></ul><ul><li>6. deny </li></ul><ul><li>7. marry </li></ul><ul><li>push es </li></ul><ul><li>sneeze s </li></ul><ul><li>glorif ies </li></ul><ul><li>annoy s </li></ul><ul><li>kiss es </li></ul><ul><li>den ies </li></ul><ul><li>marr ies </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Interrogative) <ul><li>DO ES HE WORK AS A DOCTOR ? </li></ul>YES, HE DOES
  6. 6. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>INTERROGATIVE: WORK </li></ul>WORK ? WE YOU THEY DO WORK ? SHE HE IT DO ES WORK ? I YOU DO
  7. 7. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Negative) <ul><li>HE DO ES N’T WORK AS A DOCTOR, HE WORK S AS A TAXI DRIVER </li></ul>
  8. 8. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>NEGATIVE: WORK </li></ul>WORK DO NOT DON’T WE YOU THEY WORK DO ES NOT DO ES N’T SHE HE IT WORK DO NOT DON’T I YOU
  9. 9. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: <ul><li>1 . Facts which are always true – general truths, e.g. facts in science and geographical descriptions. </li></ul>Water freezes at 0 degrees. 0 º
  10. 10. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: <ul><li>2. Actions that happen regularly (Habitual actions). A frequency adverb is often used. </li></ul>They usually take a walk with their son
  11. 11. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: <ul><li>3 . Opinions, likes and feelings. </li></ul>She likes making snowmen
  12. 12. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>TIME EXPRESSIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>FREQUENCY ADVERBS: </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS, OFTEN, GENERALLY, USUALLY, NORMALLY, SOMETIMES, NEVER. </li></ul>HE NORMALLY COOKS PASTA OTHER TIME EXPRESSIONS : EVERY DAY, EVERY MONTH, EVERY YEAR, ON SUNDAYS, AT THE WEEKENDS ETC. MUSICIANS SOMETIMES WORK ON SUNDAYS
  13. 13. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE At the moment I’m playing football. play
  14. 14. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE AFFIRMATIVE: Play is ‘ s He She It are ‘ re You We They playing am ‘ m I
  15. 15. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Is he playing football at the moment? No, he isn’t. He is running.
  16. 16. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE INTERROGATIVE: Play NEGATIVE: Play Is Are Am he she it you we they playing ? I He She It You We They I is not isn’t are not aren’t playing am not ‘ m not
  17. 17. WHAT IS SHE DOING? draw She is drawing a picture at the moment
  18. 18. WHAT IS TWEETY DOING? IT’S FLYING
  19. 19. VERB + ing (spelling rules) <ul><li>listen + ing = listening </li></ul><ul><li>die (-ie  y) + ing = d y ing </li></ul><ul><li>writ e + ing = writing </li></ul><ul><li>ho p + p + ing = ho pp ing </li></ul><ul><li>trave l + l + ing = trave ll ing </li></ul>
  20. 20. Make –ing forms of each verb given. <ul><li>begin </li></ul><ul><li>rub </li></ul><ul><li>listen </li></ul><ul><li>lie </li></ul><ul><li>swim </li></ul><ul><li>study </li></ul><ul><li>happen </li></ul>get use admit try decide come put
  21. 21. – ing forms <ul><li>begin n ing </li></ul><ul><li>rub b ing </li></ul><ul><li>listening </li></ul><ul><li>l y ing </li></ul><ul><li>swim m ing </li></ul><ul><li>studying </li></ul><ul><li>happening </li></ul>get t ing u si ng admit t ing trying deci di ng co mi ng put t ing
  22. 22. The Present Continuous Tense is used for <ul><li>Actions which are happening at or around the moment of speaking. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now I ’m doing the washing up. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She is working very hard nowadays . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Temporary situations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I ’m staying with a friend at the moment. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. ACTIONS THAT ARE HAPPENING AT PRESENT (1) <ul><li>They are dancing right now. </li></ul>
  24. 24. TEMPORARY SITUATIONS (2) <ul><li>They normally play tennis. </li></ul><ul><li>But this week they are skating. </li></ul>
  25. 25. The Present Continuous Tense is used for <ul><li>3. Changing or developing situations. </li></ul><ul><li>His English is getting better . </li></ul><ul><li>It ’s getting colder . </li></ul><ul><li>4. Fixed arrangements in the near future. </li></ul><ul><li>They are getting married next week . </li></ul>
  26. 26. CHANGING SITUATIONS (3) Yesterday it was very sunny. Today it’s raining more and more.
  27. 27. FUTURE ARRANGEMENTS (4) <ul><li>They are celebrating a party next weekend. </li></ul>
  28. 28. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE <ul><li>TIME EXPRESSIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Now, at the moment, today, nowdays, this week. </li></ul>They are throwing snowballs now

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