Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Modal verbs

891 views

Published on

CAN, CAN'T, COULD, MUST, MUSTN'T and SHOULD

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Modal verbs

  1. 1. MODAL VERBS Miguel Ángel Rodríguez López
  2. 2. Can/Can’t <ul><li>CAN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abilities or capacities (to know or to be able to “saber”). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mary can speak two languages. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Possibility (“poder”) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I can meet you later. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>CAN’T </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impossibility in the present </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mary can’t buy sweets now </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of ability (not to know) or capacity (not to be able to): </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I can’t speak Italian </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You can’t drive without a licence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Could <ul><li>It is the past of can and it is used to express: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability or capacity in the past (“sabía”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She could run fast when she was a child </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polite request (“podría”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could you help me with these suitcases? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possibility –less probable than with can- (“podría”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark could join us the cinema. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Must <ul><li>It expresses obligation (“deber”): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You must bring your books to class </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Must is also used to express a logical deduction about present fact. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is a light at her home. She must be there. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Musn’t <ul><li>Musn’t shows prohibition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You musn’t exceed the speed limit </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Should <ul><li>It expresses advise or opinion (“debería”): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You should visit the doctor, you’ve got a cold. </li></ul></ul>

×