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1st and 2nd conditional


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1st and 2nd conditional

  1. 1. Conditional Sentences by miguel ángel rodríguez lópez
  2. 2. Conditional Sentences <ul><li>They are composed by 2 clauses. </li></ul><ul><li>one that expresses the condition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduced by the word “ if ”, commonly known as “if clause”. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>one that expresses the consequence. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: If you work hard, you will succeed. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>There are 3 main types of conditional patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>1st conditional : probable condition </li></ul><ul><li>2nd conditional : improbable condition </li></ul><ul><li>3rd conditional : imaginary condition (not seen now) </li></ul>Conditional Sentences
  4. 4. 1st Conditional : Probable Condition <ul><li>It is used for actions which are true or likely to happen </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>If it rains tomorrow, we shall cancel the picnic. </li></ul><ul><li>You will be tired if you do a lot of exercises. </li></ul><ul><li>Note on 1st Conditional : </li></ul><ul><li>If + present tense, future tense </li></ul><ul><li>A modal verb (can, must, etc.) is sometimes used instead of a present tense. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2nd Conditional : Improbable Condition <ul><li>It is used for present or future activities which are improbable or unlikely to happen </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>If it rained tomorrow, we should stay at home. </li></ul><ul><li>You could start dinner if it were ready. </li></ul><ul><li>Note on 2nd Conditional : </li></ul><ul><li>if + past tense, would/should/could + verb </li></ul>
  6. 6. Summary <ul><li>Conditional sentences are composed by 2 parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>one that expresses the condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>one that expresses the consequence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 main types of conditional patterns. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Conditional : Probable Condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Conditional : Improbable Condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third Conditional : Imaginary Condition (not seen now) </li></ul></ul>