Successfully reported this slideshow.

Crossing Guard 5 Techniques

1,723 views

Published on

The Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard training.

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Crossing Guard 5 Techniques

  1. 1. MODULE 5 – Crossing TechniquesModule GoalParticipants will understand and utilize proper crossing techniques in their   crossing guard duties.Objective OneRecall the use of school crossing guard equipment and proper hand gestures and verbal commands.Objective TwoRecall the importance of visibility and conspicuity.Objective ThreeRecall proper crossing procedures at different crosswalk types and under bad weather conditions. 1Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  2. 2. EQUIPMENT • Class II vest  • A retro-reflective stop paddle  • And/or fluorescent or retro- reflective orange or yellow- green gloves.   • A whistle 2Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  3. 3. RETRO-REFLECTIVITY 3Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  4. 4. UNIFORM 4Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  5. 5. VISIBILITY AND CONSPICUITYVisibilityPerceptible by the eye or obvious to the eye.ConspicuityThe state of being clear or bright 5Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  6. 6. VISIBILITY AND CONSPICUITY • Visibility and conspicuity contribute to safety of guard and students. • Vest makes guards more conspicuous to motorists • Reduces pedestrian / vehicle crashes • Deter unlawful / unsafe acts by pedestrians and motorists 6Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  7. 7. VISIBILITY AND CONSPICUITY 7Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  8. 8. VISIBILITY AND CONSPICUITY Visual Distractions and Obstructions Visual Clutter Visual Barriers In-Vehicle Distractions 8Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  9. 9. PROPER SEARCH PATTERN Midblock Crosswalk Left Right Left Scan 9Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  10. 10. PROPER SEARCH PATTERN Intersection Crosswalk Left Right Left Over the Shoulder 10Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  11. 11. PROPER SEARCH PATTERN Continue to Scan while Crossing 11Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  12. 12. SIGNALS AND COMMUNICATIONS• All communications must be uniform, crisp and clearly informative• HAND signals / movements and whistle are to be used with motorists.• VERBAL messages only are to be used with pedestrians. 12Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  13. 13. SIGNALS AND COMMUNICATIONS1. Students about to enter or in crosswalk (Stop and yield)2. Stop paddle – with arm parallel to ground, raised perpendicular3. Gloved hand – raised arm forward, parallel to the ground with palm and fingers extended toward traffic4. If a driver disregards the STOP paddle, blow one long blast on the whistle to warn the driver while pointing and looking directly at the driver . 13Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  14. 14. SIGNALS AND COMMUNICATIONS Recommended STOP paddle technique 14Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  15. 15. SIGNALS AND COMMUNICATIONS Recommended hand signal technique 15Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  16. 16. COMMUNICATIONS WITH STUDENTS Verbally remind students to 1. Stay at least one step behind “stay-back line” 2. Look LEFT-RIGHT-LEFT 3. Walk, dont run. After guard is in roadway and it is safe to cross Verbally tell students they can cross 16Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  17. 17. SIGNALS AND COMMUNICATIONS 17Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  18. 18. SIGNALS AND COMMUNICATIONS 18Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  19. 19. CROSSING PROCEDURES• You do not direct traffic in the regulatory law enforcement sense.• You choose adequate gaps in traffic or create adequate gaps in traffic to safely cross students• Your presence serves as a cue that pedestrians are about to use the crosswalk, and drivers must stop. 19 Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  20. 20. Safe Gap Assessment Stopping distance = thinking distance + braking distance 20Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  21. 21. CROSSING PROCEDURES Safe Gap Assessment For most conditions you should pick a gap of at least 150 ft 21Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  22. 22. CROSSING PROCEDURES Safe Gap AssessmentFor most conditions you should pick a gap of at least 150 ft 22Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  23. 23. UNSIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURESStand on curb on the side of the streetwhere students approach.Keep students at least one step backfrom the curb or behind a “stand-back”line.Ask a child on a bicycle, scooter, orskateboard to dismount. 23Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  24. 24. UNSIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURESWait for an a sufficient gap in traffic.Make a final scan for traffic before entering the roadway.Remind children to wait for your verbal direction before starting to cross. 24Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  25. 25. UNSIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURESRaise and display the STOP paddle asyou walk to the middle of the roadway. 25Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  26. 26. UNSIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURES          As you approach the middle of theroadway, check that the STOP paddle isclearly visible to that approach as well. 26Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  27. 27.   UNSIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURESPosition in the middle of the street, justoutside the crosswalk on the sideclosest to the approach with greaterapparent risk of traffic conflict and facethat approach, continuing to displaythe STOP paddle to both approaches.Make a final check that traffic on bothapproaches has stopped. 27Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  28. 28. UNSIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURESTurn your head toward the waitingchildren and, making eye contact,verbally direct them to search for trafficas described, and to proceed when theway is clear. 28Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  29. 29. UNSIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURES    As children cross behind you, do notallow any driver to cross the crosswalkuntil the last child of the released grouphas reached the opposite curb orroadway edge. 29Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  30. 30.   UNSIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURESRemain alert for traffic and continue todisplay the STOP paddle until you haveleft the roadway. 30Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  31. 31. SIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURES            Stand on curb on the side of the street where students approach. Keep students at least one step back from the curb or behind a “stand- back” line. Ask a child on a bicycle, scooter, or skateboard to dismount. 31Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  32. 32. SIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURES        Wait for walk indication 32Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  33. 33. SIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURES             Enter crosswalk, stopping near-side traffic 33Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  34. 34. SIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURES Alert far-side traffic 34 34Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  35. 35. SIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURES             Take position 35Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  36. 36. SIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURES Initiate crossing 36Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  37. 37. SIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURES             Maintain your position 37Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  38. 38. SIGNALIZED CROSSING PROCEDURES            Return to the starting curb or roadway edge 38 38Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  39. 39. CROSSING PROCEDURES Do not cross children during protected left turn 39Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  40. 40. CROSSING PROCEDURES• Four or More Lanes• Two guards should be assigned. Each handles one side of the street.• Guard on side with children initiates• Use applicable procedures for that side only• Proceed to middle of traffic lanes• Other guard simultaneously alerts and enters roadway• Crosses children the rest of the way 40 Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  41. 41. CROSSING PROCEDURES 41Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  42. 42. CROSSING PROCEDURESDo DontAlways review the proper search Dont assume that cars will stop pattern before crossing Dont assume cars will remain stoppedAlways cross students when the light is green Dont cross students if a vehicle is stopped in the crosswalkAlways use pedestrian signals if availableAlways be clear and concise with your signalsEstablish eye contactSee and Be SeenReport dangerous vehicle violationsReport uncooperative students 42 Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  43. 43. MANAGING BAD WEATHER •  Inclement weather tends to make people hurry and pay less attention • Roads become slippery and stopping distances are increased • Visibility may be reduced • Electrical storms are dangerous and may disrupt traffic signals 43Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  44. 44. MANAGING BAD WEATHER In lower visibility - See and Be Seen Ensure you have motorists attention before crossing Make eye contact One long blast on whistle Consider retro-reflective traffic cones or in-crosswalk panels 44 44Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  45. 45. MANAGING BAD WEATHER Lightning If in vicinity take shelter and advise children to do same If a flashing red light – cross with caution / treat as multi-way stop If traffic signal out – dont cross children/call 911 45Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  46. 46. MANAGING BAD WEATHER In rain conditions Increase gap distances due to slippery roads Reduced motorist peripheral vision Wear rain jacket for comfort with vest on outside No umbrella Kids will want to run to get out of the rain – make them walk Increased parent pick-up traffic 46Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques
  47. 47. CONCLUSION Use proper equipment to see and be seen Use a LEFT-RIGHT-LEFT scanning technique Pick a gap of at least 150 feet Use proper crossing procedures Keep students safe during bad weather 47Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 5/Crossing Techniques

×