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Regional Water Issues and Solutions Hope Dalton TCHD Water Quality Specialist BS Chemistry,  MPA Environmental Policy,  Re...
Overview <ul><li>Geology </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Legal </li></ul><ul><li>Pol...
 
· Precipitation ·Evaporation ·Condensation ·Transpiration ·Percolation
Source: Gleick, P. H., 1996: Water resources. In Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather, ed. by S. H. Schneider, Oxford Unive...
Geology
Millions of  years ago the Rocky Mountains were the shores of a shallow ocean
Ocean sediment left us rich in minerals but not in WATER Coal Natural Gas Oil Pipeline
Climate
Precipitation in the United States from 1961-1990
 
Where Is the Water? <ul><li>Surface Water </li></ul><ul><li>Groundwater </li></ul>
Where Does the Water Go?
 
 
Colorado’s Plumbing System
 
Percent of groundwater to surface water withdrawals by county
Denver Basin Aquifers
A deep core sample from the aquifers in Douglas County  Water is stuck in the sandstone and moves at geological time frame...
Colorado Water History Citizen’s Guide to Colorado’s Water Heritage  Found online at  http://cfwe.org/CitGuides/CG-Heritag...
Ancient Puebloan Reservoirs of Mesa Verde
 
 
Brief Water History of Colorado <ul><li>1852—People’s Ditch obtains water rights  </li></ul><ul><li>1879—“First in time, f...
Animas-La Plata Project (ALP) <ul><li>1968—Colorado River Basin Project Act </li></ul><ul><li>1980—Final Environmental Sta...
Legal <ul><li>Surface Water </li></ul><ul><li>Groundwater </li></ul>
Doctrine of Prior Appropriation <ul><li>Unconnected to land ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be sold separate from the ...
Law of the River <ul><li>Colorado River Compact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper Basin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colorado ...
 
We govern our groundwater through  Well Permits “ Paper Water”
Water Quality <ul><li>Clean Water Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects Surface Waters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discharge P...
Scheduled Break DCWRA Out of This World Water Conservation Video & Discussion
Politics
How long does it take to plan and develop water projects?  How much does it cost? <ul><li>Reuter-Hess took 20 years & prov...
How Did We Get Here? <ul><li>Poundstone Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Failure of Two Forks Dam and Reservoir  </li></ul><ul>...
 
In 1985 South Metro had 12,000 wells pumping water from the  Denver Basin Aquifers We now have more than 35,000!
Groundwater Pumping Rates
Expand Surface Water Supplies <ul><li>What are the effects on the </li></ul><ul><li>basin of origin ? </li></ul><ul><li>St...
Public Policy Considerations <ul><li>A sustainable water supply  </li></ul><ul><li>Continued use of non-renewable groundwa...
Regional Solutions
Douglas County Water Resource Authority  South Metro Water Supply Authority
South Metro Plan of Action   Supply by Source (AFY)
Water Conservation & Reuse
How much do we use? <ul><li>Lawn/garden watering- 120 gallons per day </li></ul><ul><li>10-min shower– 80 gallons </li></u...
 
Did you know? We use 54% of water here 1 square  foot of grass uses  16 gallons of  water annually
Xeric Landscaping
Silent leaks waste  50 gallons a day
So where does our water go when we’re done with it? <ul><li>Into the river? </li></ul><ul><li>To a wastewater treatment pl...
You’re always downstream of someone, and someone is always downstream of you… Downstream of our wastewater treatment plant...
The 3 R’s of Water Recapture  Recycle  Reapply
Water Quality
So how do we know if our water is in good shape? <ul><li>Water pollution comes from either: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural ...
Sources of urban pollution <ul><li>Point source discharges from wastewater treatment plants and factories </li></ul><ul><l...
So how do we tell if pollution is affecting our water quality? <ul><li>We monitor, or conduct tests of the water that give...
What Can You Do? <ul><li>Now </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciate how precious water is </li></ul><ul><li>Use water more wisely </...
 
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Regional Water Issues and Solutions 110729

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Regional Water Issues and Solutions 110729

  1. 1. Regional Water Issues and Solutions Hope Dalton TCHD Water Quality Specialist BS Chemistry, MPA Environmental Policy, Registered Environmental Manager (REM)
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Geology </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Legal </li></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Water Conservation </li></ul>
  3. 4. · Precipitation ·Evaporation ·Condensation ·Transpiration ·Percolation
  4. 5. Source: Gleick, P. H., 1996: Water resources. In Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather, ed. by S. H. Schneider, Oxford University Press, New York, vol. 2, pp.817-823.
  5. 6. Geology
  6. 7. Millions of years ago the Rocky Mountains were the shores of a shallow ocean
  7. 8. Ocean sediment left us rich in minerals but not in WATER Coal Natural Gas Oil Pipeline
  8. 9. Climate
  9. 10. Precipitation in the United States from 1961-1990
  10. 12. Where Is the Water? <ul><li>Surface Water </li></ul><ul><li>Groundwater </li></ul>
  11. 13. Where Does the Water Go?
  12. 16. Colorado’s Plumbing System
  13. 18. Percent of groundwater to surface water withdrawals by county
  14. 19. Denver Basin Aquifers
  15. 20. A deep core sample from the aquifers in Douglas County Water is stuck in the sandstone and moves at geological time frames One drop would take months to move just inches through our aquifers
  16. 21. Colorado Water History Citizen’s Guide to Colorado’s Water Heritage Found online at http://cfwe.org/CitGuides/CG-Heritage.pdf
  17. 22. Ancient Puebloan Reservoirs of Mesa Verde
  18. 25. Brief Water History of Colorado <ul><li>1852—People’s Ditch obtains water rights </li></ul><ul><li>1879—“First in time, first in right” </li></ul><ul><li>1883—First continuous self-recording gauging </li></ul><ul><li>1888—$1.2 million smelting plant built in Pueblo </li></ul><ul><li>1930s—Northern Colorado Water Conservancy District </li></ul><ul><li>1973—In-stream flow and lake level laws </li></ul><ul><li>1977—US Congress adopts Clean Water Act </li></ul><ul><li>1981—Last big water project to benefit Front Range </li></ul><ul><li>1989—EPA vetoes construction of Two Forks Dam </li></ul><ul><li>2002—Severe drought </li></ul>
  19. 26. Animas-La Plata Project (ALP) <ul><li>1968—Colorado River Basin Project Act </li></ul><ul><li>1980—Final Environmental Statement completed Construction scheduled </li></ul><ul><li>1986—Final Settlement Agreement signed </li></ul><ul><li>1988—Implementation plan </li></ul><ul><li>1990 & 1991—Protection of the Colorado pikeminnow </li></ul><ul><li>1992—Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement </li></ul><ul><li>1996—EPA receives Final EIS </li></ul><ul><li>1998—Alternative project proposed </li></ul><ul><li>2010—Broke ground on project </li></ul>
  20. 27. Legal <ul><li>Surface Water </li></ul><ul><li>Groundwater </li></ul>
  21. 28. Doctrine of Prior Appropriation <ul><li>Unconnected to land ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be sold separate from the land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water is owned by people of Colorado </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water right is a right to use that water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ First in time, first in right” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senior water rights take precedence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be used for a “beneficial use” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over-Appropriated </li></ul>
  22. 29. Law of the River <ul><li>Colorado River Compact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper Basin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colorado </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Mexico </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Utah </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wyoming </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower Basin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nevada </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arizona </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>California </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 31. We govern our groundwater through Well Permits “ Paper Water”
  24. 32. Water Quality <ul><li>Clean Water Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects Surface Waters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discharge Permits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Point Sources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Point Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stormwater Runoff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confined Animal Feeding Operations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Safe Drinking Water Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects Community Water Supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Serves more than 25 people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More than 6 months out of the year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not protect residential wells </li></ul></ul>
  25. 33. Scheduled Break DCWRA Out of This World Water Conservation Video & Discussion
  26. 34. Politics
  27. 35. How long does it take to plan and develop water projects? How much does it cost? <ul><li>Reuter-Hess took 20 years & provides storage for: </li></ul><ul><li>Castle Rock 8,000 AF $44M </li></ul><ul><li>Castle Pines North 1,500 AF $8.25M </li></ul><ul><li>Stonegate 1,200 AF $6.6M </li></ul>
  28. 36. How Did We Get Here? <ul><li>Poundstone Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Failure of Two Forks Dam and Reservoir </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Douglas County Temporarily Uses Groundwater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cheap, Clean, and Abundant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Service Balkanized </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Studies Confirm Regional Decline in Water Well Levels </li></ul>
  29. 38. In 1985 South Metro had 12,000 wells pumping water from the Denver Basin Aquifers We now have more than 35,000!
  30. 39. Groundwater Pumping Rates
  31. 40. Expand Surface Water Supplies <ul><li>What are the effects on the </li></ul><ul><li>basin of origin ? </li></ul><ul><li>Stream Flows </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Production </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>Future </li></ul><ul><li>Other? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the effects on the </li></ul><ul><li>basin receiving the water ? </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stream flows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking Water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic Development </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Other? </li></ul>
  32. 41. Public Policy Considerations <ul><li>A sustainable water supply </li></ul><ul><li>Continued use of non-renewable groundwater </li></ul><ul><li>Location of future development </li></ul><ul><li>Aquifer storage and recovery projects (ASR) </li></ul><ul><li>Water conservation measures </li></ul><ul><li>Economic value placed on water resources </li></ul>
  33. 42. Regional Solutions
  34. 43. Douglas County Water Resource Authority South Metro Water Supply Authority
  35. 44. South Metro Plan of Action Supply by Source (AFY)
  36. 45. Water Conservation & Reuse
  37. 46. How much do we use? <ul><li>Lawn/garden watering- 120 gallons per day </li></ul><ul><li>10-min shower– 80 gallons </li></ul><ul><li>Dishwasher– 20 gallons per load </li></ul><ul><li>Flush the toilet- <2 up to 7 gallons </li></ul><ul><li>Brush teeth- as much as 5 gallons </li></ul>It all adds up to an average of more than 50 gallons per person per day- or 200 gallons per day for a family of 4!
  38. 48. Did you know? We use 54% of water here 1 square foot of grass uses 16 gallons of water annually
  39. 49. Xeric Landscaping
  40. 50. Silent leaks waste 50 gallons a day
  41. 51. So where does our water go when we’re done with it? <ul><li>Into the river? </li></ul><ul><li>To a wastewater treatment plant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And then into the river? </li></ul></ul>
  42. 52. You’re always downstream of someone, and someone is always downstream of you… Downstream of our wastewater treatment plant, Fort Morgan uses the South Platte for drinking water. Downstream of our stormwater outfalls, people kayak in Cherry Creek at Confluence Park
  43. 53. The 3 R’s of Water Recapture Recycle Reapply
  44. 54. Water Quality
  45. 55. So how do we know if our water is in good shape? <ul><li>Water pollution comes from either: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural causes (landslide, fire-induced erosion, drought/flood) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human causes </li></ul></ul>
  46. 56. Sources of urban pollution <ul><li>Point source discharges from wastewater treatment plants and factories </li></ul><ul><li>Stormwater pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Examples? </li></ul>
  47. 57. So how do we tell if pollution is affecting our water quality? <ul><li>We monitor, or conduct tests of the water that give us information about— </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The chemistry of the water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annual Water Quality Reports from Public Drinking Water Systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Watershed monitoring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The animals and plants that live in the water and the streambed </li></ul></ul>
  48. 58. What Can You Do? <ul><li>Now </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciate how precious water is </li></ul><ul><li>Use water more wisely </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove bluegrass lawns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Install ET irrigation controllers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replace sprinkler heads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Share what you’ve learned </li></ul><ul><li>Future </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to appreciate our water resource </li></ul><ul><li>Get involved in water issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact your political leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participate in public process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support water solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be a part of the solution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Continue to share what you’ve learned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn more </li></ul></ul>

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