English - A global language!


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English words from non-English sources.

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English - A global language!

  1. 1. English – A Global Language! Fun With English 1 August 2013
  2. 2. What do these 3 words have in common? Booze Zombies Bungalow ?
  3. 3. They are all English words with foreign roots! Word Origin Bungalow (n.) Bengali (Belonging to Bengal) Booze (n.) Dutch (busen) Zombie (n.) West Africa (zumbi, nzambi) Meaning Single-storey homes built for early European immigrants in Bengal To drink to excess Reanimated corpse (in voodoo cult)
  4. 4. About 60 % of English words have French and Germanic roots Another 30% have origins in the dead language, Latin Words of Arabic origin filtered in through trade e.g. coffee, alcohol Words of Spanish origin often relate to warfare and tactics e.g. guerilla, flotilla Words of Indian origin were coined from the colonial era and relate to culture e.g. pyjamas, jungle, shampoo * Info & Image: Wikipedia
  5. 5. Bringing the World to your Classroom Vocabulary & Pronunciation of Words of Foreign Origin in the Classroom
  6. 6. Economics • Economy (French: L’economie) • Scarcity  Scarce (Old French: scars, escars) • Trade & Finance – Capitalism, Bank, Cash (Italian: capitalismo, banco, cassa) – Laissez-faire (French: laisser-faire, to let it be) – Tariff (Arabic: Ta’rif, to notify) – Debt (Latin  Old French: dete) – Embargo (Spanish: embargar, ‘to seize or impound’)
  7. 7. General Paper Politics & Governance: • Coup d'état (French: "state blow“, or Overthrow of the government) • Parliament (French: parler, ‘to speak’) • Realpolitik (German: realist or power politics) • Democracy (Greek) Crime: • Mafia (Italian  Sicilian, mafiusu) • Contraband (French: contrebande, “smuggling”) • Embezzlement “to steal or misappropriate” (French) The Human Condition: • Claustrophobia, xenophobia “fear of…” (Greek/Latin) Society: • Apartheid “separateness” (Dutch)
  8. 8. General Paper Fashion: • haute couture "high sewing“ (French)  High-class, fancy and expensive clothing styles e.g. Chanel, Céline, Hermès • prêt-à-porter "ready to wear“ (French)  made to wear clothing • Denim “from Nîmes” (French)  French town where the cloth originated from Education: • Kindergarten “children’s garden” (German)  pre-school Entertainment: • The Star Wars Saga is “a long, sweeping tale or legend” (Old Norse) Everyday: • Rendez-vous "go to“ (noun or verb)  A date or an appointment (French: verb se rendre ‘to go’) • RSVP "respond please” (French: Répondez, s'il vous plaît  "Please RSVP" is redundant
  9. 9. Literature • Bildungsroman “coming-of-age story” (German) e.g. Jane Eyre, Great Expectations • Belle époque "beautiful era“ (French) e.g. French literature at the turn of the 20th C. e.g. Marcel Proust, In Search of Lost Time • Zeitgeist “Spirit of the times or age” (German) e.g. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby
  10. 10. Music & The Arts Art (French) • • • • • • belle époque "beautiful era“ The golden age of art and culture in France in the early 20th century bas-relief "low relief/design" Sculpture that is only slightly more prominent than its background art déco "decorative art" Short for art décoratif, a famous art trend in America in the Roaring Twenties art nouveau "new art" Characterized by flowers, leaves, and flowing lines papier mâché "mashed paper“ Used for art Avant garde “before guard” or “ahead of time” Innovative, experimental art Music (Italian) • • • • Piano “soft” touch or the instrument Forte “strong” touch Fortissimo “very strong” Guitar (Spanish)
  11. 11. The Humanities Geography: • Volcano (Italian) • Caldera (Spanish) • Sky, Geyser (Scandinavian, Old Norse) • Hinterland (German) • Dam (Dutch) History: • Blitz, or Blitzkrieg “lightning war” (German military term taken from: WW II era) • Realpolitik (German: realist or power politics) • Junta “together” (Spanish: military government) • Holocaust (
  12. 12. The Sciences Chemistry • Alchemy (Arabic: alkimiya) • Sodium (Arabic: suwed) • Many elements on the Periodic Table e.g. • Alkali (Arabic: Alqali) Biology: • Biology (Greek) • Many scientific and medical Terminologies (Latin & Ancient Greek) • Albino (Spanish) • Influenza (Italian) Physics: • Quantum “how much” (Latin) • Calipers “instrument of measure” (Arabic: qalip)
  13. 13. Mathematics • The number zero (Arabic: sifar  Latin: zephirum  Old Italian: zefiro  French: zero) • Lambda, sigma, alpha, beta… (Greek) • Algebra (Arabic) • Algorithm (Proper Noun: Al-khwarizmi  Latin)
  14. 14. Physical Education Sports, Health & Recreation: • Abseil “to rope oneself down” (German) • Foosball “table football” (German) • Gesundheit “health” (German) • Muscle (Latin, literal def. “when flexed, it is a little mouse that runs underneath your skin”) • Fatigue (French)
  15. 15. Identify words with foreign roots in this story! The admiral hated to snoop, so he left the bottle of shampoo just where he had found it -- next to the tea and coffee. The bottle had a picture of a llama on the label. The admiral's wife, who usually wore a gingham dress and moccasins when visiting their ranch on the Nebraska prairie, had just returned from her chores at the bank and the church bazaar. She was now helping the cook make the chowder and the goulash for lunch. the admiral heard them talking in the kitchen. Someone was playing a ukulele, which the admiral did not like, so he turned on the radio and listened to a pretty mazurka by Chopin. Then he looked through his collection of pictures -- mostly of boats, rafts, and kayak he had seen. When everyone sat down to eat, the principal of the kindergarten cried, "At last! Hurrah!" -- and by accident spilled the ketchup all over the taffy apples! This so amused another guest, who had just returned from a safari, that he pulled a toy pistol out of his sack and ran all around the veranda, laughing like a maniac and firing his pistol at imaginary zombies. It was a grand party. Source: http://www.csun.edu/science/ref/reference/english_language/foreignroots.html
  16. 16. Here are some answers! Word Origin Word Origin Word Origin admiral Arabic tea Chinese llama Tibetan snoop Dutch coffee Arabic/Turkish chowder Creole bank Italian ranch Spanish safari Swahili bazaar Persian chores Greek kayak Eskimo shampoo Indian (Pakistani) Kindergart German -en ukulele Hawaiian Word Origin Word Origin Word Origin hurrah Hebrew pistol Czech moccasins American Indian (Powhatan) taffy Tagalog mazurka Polish Nebraska American Indian (Sioux) gingham Malay veranda Indian maniac Latin
  17. 17. If you understand the following story, you understand at least one word from thirty-two different languages!  You are more multi-lingual than you think!
  18. 18. Explore further! • Movie Reference: – Youtube clips of ‘Akeelah and the Bee’ (2006) • ‘Argillaceous’: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uQ84SYJmHYI • ‘Big words come from little words’: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_UZxXUwQX84 • Collection of useful French expressions used in English (Good for essays!) – http://french.about.com/od/vocabulary/a/frenchinenglish _2.htm • Wikipedia (extensive list of words of foreign origin): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lists_of_English_words_b y_country_or_language_of_origin
  19. 19. THE END…Thank you! 