Occupational Health and Safety (Australia)


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Occupational Health and Safety (Australia)

  1. 1. OHS
  2. 2. Whats occupational safety and health?
  3. 3. Occupational safety and healthThat means that your employer (the person who gives you a job)has to make sure youre safe and you also have to know whatswhat.So whats to say that your employer will look after you in theworkplace? Or that you have to worry about OSH? Well, yoursafety and health is protected by the law.Occupational safety and health ismostly known as "OSH". This is aboutall the rules and rights that protect youand your health in the workplace.
  4. 4. The Occupational Safety andHealth Act 1984While the Act is a bit general, there are threevery important rights you need to be aware of.The Occupational Safety and Health Regulations1996 tell you how to obey the law.The Occupational Safety andHealth Act 1984 covers nearlyall workplaces in WA, exceptmining.
  5. 5. RightsThe Act gives you three very important rights:•You have the right to know about OSH rules andlaws.•You have the right to be involved with OSH.•You have the right to refuse unsafe work.REMEMBER:BY LAW, OSH IS EVERYONESRESPONSIBILITY
  6. 6. Duty of CareDuty of care means that employers, workers,business owners, people in charge ofworkplaces, designers, builders and suppliersare responsible for making sure that things aresafe and looked after properly.But its not just about other people keeping yousafe, you have to be involved as well.
  7. 7. What your boss has to doYour employers main duty of care is to makesure the workplace is safe for everyone. Thatincludes visitors to the workplace and membersof the public.
  8. 8. That means having to:• Make sure machines, work areas andequipment are safe• Make sure work habits are safe• Give workers safety gear to wear and use• Talk with all workers about safety and healthissues and how to keep safe.
  9. 9. These are the sorts of things your boss should be doing to makesure the workplace is safe for you:•You need to be told about hazards and how to work safely•You need to be given training and demonstrations about how todo your job safely•You need to be told about Personal Protective Equipment (PPEor safety gear) and what to do in an emergency•You must be supervised to make sure you are working safely•You need to know who to talk to about any hazards and otherproblems that might be happening in your job
  10. 10. What you need to doOnce you know what youre doing in your job,you have to look after yourself and not putanyone else in danger.
  11. 11. This means you have to do these things:•Follow the safety and health rules given to you by your boss•Wear and use PPE (safety gear)•Use equipment and machines properly•Report hazards that you see to your boss•Report injuries and health problems to your boss•Join in talking to your boss about safety and health issuesCommunication is the key to a safe workplace. Speak to yourboss or safety and health representatives to solve safety andhealth problems at work.
  12. 12. Safety and Health RepresentativesSafety and health reps are a link between you and youremployer, representing workers on OSH issues and helping keepthe workplace safe.Safety and health reps are nominated by their workmates, ortheir boss, and voted in by their workmates. They make it easierto deal with OSH problems as they are trained and experienced.If you have any concerns about dangers in the workplace, youcan go to your OSH rep if your workplace has them, as well asyour boss.
  13. 13. ThinkSafe S.A.MDid you know that young people are much morelikely to be injured in the workplace? In fact1400 young people are injured every year atwork and in WA, at least two die every year.
  14. 14. There are three steps:•Spot the hazard•Assess the risk•Make the changes
  15. 15. SPOT THE HAZARDFirst of all, whats a hazard?A hazard is anything that could hurt you orsomeone else. In other words, DANGER.
  16. 16. ASSESS THE RISKThis means working out two things:1.How likely is it that myself or someone elsecould be hurt?2.How badly could I or someone else be hurt?
  17. 17. MAKE THE CHANGESThis means fixing the hazard or telling someoneelse who can fix it.
  18. 18. CONTROLLING HAZARDSSo what should you do once the risk isidentified? What if you cant exactly fix or get ridof the hazard? Check out these 6 steps that youremployer can use to control hazards and makeyour work as safe as possible
  19. 19. When there is a hazard:1. Eliminate it - Get rid of it if you can!2. Replace it - eg. safe glue can replace a toxic one.3. Separate it – Use barriers or screens to cut the hazard off from workers.4. Modify it – eg. make changes to tools so that they are safer or put guardson machines, or change the system of work like putting two people on anight shift instead of one.5. Rules – Have safety rules to help people to avoid hurting themselves orothers.6. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE or safety gear) - Gloves, glasses andhelmets are examples safety gear, but these are only used if all otheroptions have been tried. Safety gear may also be used with othercontrols, like guarding and gloves, or barriers and hard hats.
  21. 21. Speak Up - Dangerous WorkDid you know that you dont have to doanything at work that you think might hurt you?Just because youre there to work, doesnt meanyou should be put in danger.
  22. 22. IT IS THE LAW THAT YOU BE GIVEN:• A safe and healthy workplace• Training about health and safety• PPE/safety gear to do your job safely
  23. 23. IT IS YOUR RIGHT TO:• Report hazards• Report harassment and bullying• Refuse work that would cause immediateharm
  24. 24. YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES ARE:• Follow all safety rules• Use PPE given to you• Not to do anything that puts yourself oranyone else in danger. Protect yourworkmates.• Keep your work area clean and tidy• Know emergency procedures
  25. 25. WHAT IF YOUR BOSS DOESNTAGREE WITH YOU? WHAT NEXT?STEP 1: Figure out exactly what worries you about doing thework. e.g. lack of training/experience, lack of safety gear/PPE,faulty equipment.STEP 2: Next tell someone you trust to help you.STEP 3: If your employer still isnt prepared to change things, youwill need to tell the health and safety rep who will be able totake the issue further. If there is no safety and health rep, callWorkSafe for advice.