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Week2

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SSW Program

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Week2

  1. 1. The Profession of Social service Work 1
  2. 2. Organizations and Institutions Social Service Worker/Social Worker 2
  3. 3. International Federation of Social Workers • Promotes SW as a profession, links SW from around the world, promotes participation in social policy and planning • Founded in 1950 • Represents over ½ million SWers in 55 countries (Hick, 2010, p. 79) 3
  4. 4. Canadian Association for Social Workers “Founded in 1926 to monitor employment conditions and to establish standards of practice within the profession, the Canadian Association of Social Workers (CASW) has evolved into a national voice. …, a unified voice for the Canadian social work profession … works from a national and, indeed, an international perspective to benefit the social work profession. (CASW, n.d.)” 4
  5. 5. Canadian Association of Social Work Education Established in 1967 National association for those universities offering professional education in social work (BSW, MSW & PHD) … purpose is to advance the standards, effectiveness and relevance of social work education and scholarship … committed to equitable educational opportunities and participation of all member groups and individuals in educational and scholarly work, with particular attention to those experiencing systemic discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnic origin, skin colour, language, religious beliefs, class, sexual orientation, disability, age, culture or any other characteristic. (CASWE, 1994)” 5
  6. 6. Ontario Association of Social Workers (BSW, MSW, PhD) “Incorporated in 1964, OASW has approximately 4100 members and 15 branches across the province. OASW speaks on behalf of the interests and concerns of social workers. OASW advocates for the improvement of social policies and programs directly affecting social work clients and social work practice, develops guidelines for professional practice, publishes a provincial newsmagazine and numerous branch newsletters, and provides direct services to its members. (OASW, n.d.)” 6
  7. 7. Ontario Social Service Worker Association OSSWA Objectives: • To support the membership in promoting and working towards social justice for all. • To elevate the profile of Ontario SSWs and acknowledge and celebrate their accomplishments. • To encourage membership dialogue on significant issues which impact the work of SSWs. • To facilitate a unified provincial voice in response to critical issues affecting the membership. • To honour and promote the Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers Code of Ethics. • To promote professional development by informing the membership of relevant educational opportunities. (OSSWA, n.d.) 7
  8. 8. Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers Mission Statement …”protects the interest of the public by regulating the practice of SW & SSW and promoting excellence in practice.” Vision Statement … “strives for organizational excellence in its mandate in order to: serve the public interest; regulate its members; and be accountable and accessible to the community.” (OCSWSSW, n.d.) 8
  9. 9. Code of Ethics & Standards of Practice Ontario College of Social Workers & Social Service Workers “sets out minimum standards of professional practice and conduct for members of the OCSWSSW. This is in accordance with one of the objects of the College as stated in the Social Work and Social Service Work Act, 1998… (OCSWSSW, 2008)” 9
  10. 10. Education Social Service Worker/Social Worker 10
  11. 11. Historical Context • 1960s beginning of the welfare state • Increased the need of trained professionals • 1966 SSW programs introduced in the Colleges • 78,000 trained SSW across Canada • SSW out number SW: 2 to 1 (Desai & Hill, 2009, p.375) 11
  12. 12. SSW Programs  23 Colleges in Ontario offer SSW programs  46 Colleges across Canada offer programs  All programs include a practicum and a curriculum responsive to the employment market (Desai & Hill, 2009, p.378) 12
  13. 13. SSW Students • 75% female (with an increasing number of men entering the profession) • Ethnically diverse • Attracted to the field because of life experiences and/or a natural ability to help others (Desai & Hill, 2009, p.378) 13
  14. 14. Differences between College & University College • 1 – 2 year • Graduate with Diploma/Certificate • Hands-on learning, applied, practical University • 4+ years • Graduate with a Degree • Theory-based learning 14
  15. 15. Education/Training (Government of Ontario, 2009) • Completion of a college or university program in social work, child and youth, or counselling • Social science or health related discipline • Previous work experience in a social service field • Volunteering may substitute for formal education requirements • Community and social service workers may study a wide variety of college- level programs. • Progression to professional occupations in social services, such as family and marriage counsellors, social workers, and probation and parole officers, is possible with additional training and/or experience.  15
  16. 16. Social Work Education • Diploma of Social Service Work • 2 years community college (46) • Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) • 4 year university (34) • Masters of Social Work (MSW) • 1 – 2 years fulltime study at university (29) • DSW or PHD in Social Work • 5+ years at university (7) (Hick, 2010, p.86) 16
  17. 17. Employment Social Service Worker/Social Worker 17
  18. 18. Common Job Titles (Government of Ontario, 2009) • Aboriginal Outreach Worker • Addictions Worker • Child and Youth Worker • Crisis Intervention Worker • Family Service Worker • Income Maintenance Officer • Mental Health Worker • Veterans Service Officer 18
  19. 19. Typical Employers (Government of Ontario, 2009) • Federal, provincial & municipal governments • Non-institutional health & social services • Health & social service associations • Institutional health & social services 19
  20. 20. Main Industries of Employment (MTCU, 2012) Main Industries of Employment % Health Care & Social Assistance 73 Public Administration 10 Other Services 9 Educational Services 5 All Other Industries 3 20
  21. 21. Selected Main Duties (Government of Ontario, 2009) Community and social service workers perform some or all of the following duties: • Interview clients to obtain case history and background information; • Prepare intake reports; • Assess and investigate eligibility for social benefits; • Meet with clients to assess their progress, give support and discuss any difficulties or problems; • Refer clients to other social services; • Advise and aid recipients of social assistance and pensions; • Counsel and provide assistance to clients living in group homes and halfway houses and supervise their activities; • Provide crisis intervention and emergency shelter services; 21
  22. 22. Selected Main Duties continued (Government of Ontario, 2009) • Implement life skills workshops, substance abuse treatment programs, youth services programs and other community and social service programs under the supervision of social workers or health care professionals; • Assist in evaluating the effectiveness of treatment programs by tracking clients' behavioural changes and responses to interventions; • Maintain contact with other social service agencies involved with clients to provide information and obtain feedback on clients' overall progress. • Generally working in a clinical, office or community setting, social service workers must deal with mental fatigue associated with social work. • Addicts, dysfunctional individuals or families, or abused women are among the client groups. • Some community and social service workers may experience physical harm and some wear a portable alarm for security against such incidents. Most community and social service workers are required to work shifts. 22
  23. 23. Employment Prospects (Government of Ontario, 2009) Over the next five years (2009-2013): Good Demand will be particularly good for gerontology social workers who provide services for the elderly as well as those experienced in mental health and substance abuse. Employment growth is sensitive to need and will change depending on government funding. Job prospects will be best for individuals with post- secondary education and previous work experience 23
  24. 24. Characteristics of Occupation (Government of Ontario, 2009) Estimated Employment in 2006 38,070 General Characteristics (%) Male 21 Female 79 Full Time 76 Part-Time 21 Self -Employed 2 Employees 98 Unemployment Rate 4 24
  25. 25. Annual Average Employment Income of Persons Employed Full-Time Full-Year in 2005 (Government of Ontario, 2009) 25
  26. 26. Employment Most SSW are employed on a full time basis 76 % full time hours 21% part-time 2% self employment 26
  27. 27. Social Service Worker Program Mohawk College Graduate Employment 2011/12 Number of graduates 131 % Respond to Survey (69%) Number Available for Employment 76 Total Number Employed 60 Employed Full time (Related) 34 Employed Part Time (Related) 12 Employed Full Time and Part Time (Unrelated) 14 Seeking Further Education 14 Not Seeking Employment 1 Unable to Contact 44 27
  28. 28. Social Service Worker Program Mohawk College Graduate Employment 2011/12 • Average Salary Full time Related $35,788 • Salary Range $16,269 - $57, 600 • Number of Salaries Reported 26 28
  29. 29. Unionization (2008 Data) • Unionization rate – 45% is above the average for all occupations (32%) • Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE), Public Service Alliance Canada (PSAC) • Benefits of Unionization • Improved income • Better working conditions • Job security (Hick, 2010, p.88) 29
  30. 30. References Canadian Association of Social Workers. (n.d.) About CASW. Retrieved June 18, 2012. http://www.casw- acts.ca/en/about-casw Canadian Association of Social Work Education. (1994). Mission Statement. Retrieved June 18, 2012. www.caswe-acfts.ca Desai, S. & Hill, L. (2009) Social service workers. In Turner, Joanne C., &Francis J. Turner (Eds.), Canadian Social Welfare, (pp. 375 – 384). Toronto, Ontario: Pearson Education Canada Inc. Hick, S. (2010). Social work in Canada: An introduction. Toronto, ON., Canada: Thompson Educational Publishing. Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities. (2012). Labour market. Retrieved June 29,2012. http://www.tcu.gov.on.ca/eng/labourmarket/ojf/pdf/4212_e.pdf Mohawk College. (2011). Graduate Employment Report 2010/11. Retrieved July 4, 2012. http://www.mohawkcollege.ca/Assets/Documents/Research+Docs+(KPI$!2c+OSAP$! 2c+Grad)/GraduateEmployment2010-11.pdf Ontario Association of Social Workers. (n.d.). About OASW. Retrieved June 20,2012. http://www.oasw.org/public/about-oasw/overview.aspx Ontario Social Service Worker Association. (n.d.). Objectives. Retrieved June 20, 2012. http://www.osswa.ca/index.htm Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers. (n.d.). Mission, vision, values. Retrieved June 20, 2012.. http://www.ocswssw.org/en/mission_vision_values.htm Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers. (n.d.). Code of ethics and standards of practice.. Retrieved June 21, 2012. http://www.ocswssw.org/en/code_of_ethics.htm 30

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