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SHOULD YOU BE AFRAID OF
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?
Azeem Azhar @azeem
Schibsted Media Group
@azeem
HELLO! MY NAME IS AZEEM AZHAR
➤ Product manager at Schibsted Media Group
➤ Norwegian media & classifieds group with
...
@azeem
SHOULD YOU BE AFRAID OF AI? (TL;DL - NO!)
Boom or winter Accelerants Implications Actions
@azeem
WHAT IS AI?
@azeem
@azeem
THE MONEY IS FLOWING
7x in
5 years
@azeem
THE BIG GUYS ARE MUSCLING IN
@azeem
THE SEVEN ACCELERANTS OF THE AI BOOM
Moore’s Law
Data explosion
Collaboration
Software eats
the world
APIs &
micros...
@azeem
WE CREATE MORE TRANSISTORS EVERY 0.1S THAN THERE ARE STARS IN THE GALAXY
@azeem
APPLE WATCH MORE POWERFUL THAN A CRAY 2
Fits in a room
1.6Gflops
1985
Fits in a pocket
1.9Gflops
2010
Fits on a wri...
@azeem
GPUS HAVE BEEN A STEP-CHANGE TECHNOLOGY
https://devblogs.nvidia.com/parallelforall/inference-next-step-gpu-accelera...
@azeem
44ZB OF DATA BY 2020, 44X IN 11 YEARS
Sources: IDC, Azeem Azhar analysis
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
2009 2010 2...
@azeem
COLLABORATION
@azeem
SOFTWARE EATS THE WORLD
@azeem
APIS & MICROSERVICES
@azeem
OPEN SOURCE STRATEGIES FROM MAJORS
Major global internet companies
release internal machine
learning & AI framework...
@azeem
THE AI LOCK-IN LOOP
Video games
Search
Mobile UI
Defense
CRM
Finance
Health
@azeem
Stuff is getting better
@azeem
BETTER THAN HUMAN: OBJECT DETECTION IN IMAGES
Source: Imagenet / https://devblogs.nvidia.com/parallelforall/mocha-j...
@azeem
BETTER THAN HUMAN: WIDE RANGE OF VIDEO GAMES
(Better at action oriented than exploration oriented games)
@azeem
Patrick Rhodes: http://www.statisticsviews.com/details/feature/8791241/Artificial-Intelligence-Solving-the-Chin
Roo...
@azeem
BETTER THAN HUMAN: GO
Alpha Go
1920 CPU
280 GPU
@azeem
GOOD AS HUMAN: VERBAL IQ
@azeem
BETTER THAN HUMAN: SUTURING INTESTINAL TISSUE
Source http://spectrum.ieee.org/the-human-os/
robotics/medical-robots...
@azeem
BETTER THAN HUMAN: PREDICTIONS & BETTING
Predicted top 4 finishers of
2016 Kentucky Derby on May
8th.
540-1 odds.
h...
@azeem
APPROACHING HUMAN: VISUAL Q&A
https://avisingh599.github.io/deeplearning/visual-qa/
@azeem
2: APPLICATIONS ARE GETTING BETTER
Better foundational blocks
NLP
CV
µSVC
Data Eng
APIs Data Quality
Integrated app...
@azeem
LAWYERS, DRIVERS, PAS, JOURNALISTS
EMMA
Q&A; discovery; precedent detection based on IBM Watson
Autonomous vehicles...
@azeem
IMPLICATIONS FOR TECH
BUSINESSES
@azeem
PLAY OR PRAY
PLAY
BUILD A DATA MOAT
SEMANTICALLY SENSIBLE
INTERFACES
KEEP THE HUMAN IN THE LOOP
PROCESSES NOT ONESH...
@azeem
HOW WILL YOU BUILD YOUR DATA MOAT?
BUILD A
DATA
MOAT
CORE ALGORITHMS / 

FRAMEWORKS ARE IN
OPEN SOURCE
UNIQUR AI NE...
@azeem
HOW WILL YOU ENSURE COHERENT SEMANTICS IN EXPOSED INTERFACES?
CLEAN
APIS
EASIER TO INTEGRATE IN
OTHER INTELLIGENT
S...
@azeem
KEEP THE HUMAN IN THE LOOP
HUMANS
NEEDED
ONGOING TRAINING
LAST-MILE
RISK MANAGEMENT
@azeem
BUILD THE RIGHT PROCESSES
HUMANS
NEEDED
ONGOING TRAINING
INVESTMENT
UNDERSTAND YOUR
TRADEOFFS
HOW TO SECURE BETTER
...
@azeem
SHOULD YOU BE SCARED OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?
➤ Huge opportunities to build better products &
reach new markets
...
@azeem
YOUR VIEW?
@azeem
@azeem
Carpe diem!
Azeem Azhar @azeem
Schibsted Media Group
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Azeem Azhar Should You be Afraid of Artificial Intelligence? BoS2016

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It is early days but change is coming. Faster than you think. You should worry, but are you concerned about the right things? Should you concern yourself with terrible tales of, ‘The Singularity’, or about how AI and Machine Learning will change the way that your business runs?

More at www.BusinessofSoftware.org

Published in: Technology

Azeem Azhar Should You be Afraid of Artificial Intelligence? BoS2016

  1. 1. SHOULD YOU BE AFRAID OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE? Azeem Azhar @azeem Schibsted Media Group
  2. 2. @azeem HELLO! MY NAME IS AZEEM AZHAR ➤ Product manager at Schibsted Media Group ➤ Norwegian media & classifieds group with operations in 29 countries & 7,000 employees ➤ Curate, Exponential View (http://azeem.io/s) ➤ @azeem on Twitter ➤ azeem@schibsted.com
  3. 3. @azeem SHOULD YOU BE AFRAID OF AI? (TL;DL - NO!) Boom or winter Accelerants Implications Actions
  4. 4. @azeem WHAT IS AI?
  5. 5. @azeem
  6. 6. @azeem THE MONEY IS FLOWING 7x in 5 years
  7. 7. @azeem THE BIG GUYS ARE MUSCLING IN
  8. 8. @azeem THE SEVEN ACCELERANTS OF THE AI BOOM Moore’s Law Data explosion Collaboration Software eats the world APIs & microservices Open source Lock-in
  9. 9. @azeem WE CREATE MORE TRANSISTORS EVERY 0.1S THAN THERE ARE STARS IN THE GALAXY
  10. 10. @azeem APPLE WATCH MORE POWERFUL THAN A CRAY 2 Fits in a room 1.6Gflops 1985 Fits in a pocket 1.9Gflops 2010 Fits on a wrist >3Gflops 2015
  11. 11. @azeem GPUS HAVE BEEN A STEP-CHANGE TECHNOLOGY https://devblogs.nvidia.com/parallelforall/inference-next-step-gpu-accelerated-deep-learning/
  12. 12. @azeem 44ZB OF DATA BY 2020, 44X IN 11 YEARS Sources: IDC, Azeem Azhar analysis 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Data volume
  13. 13. @azeem COLLABORATION
  14. 14. @azeem SOFTWARE EATS THE WORLD
  15. 15. @azeem APIS & MICROSERVICES
  16. 16. @azeem OPEN SOURCE STRATEGIES FROM MAJORS Major global internet companies release internal machine learning & AI frameworks G, M & F: Cognitively-rich API services available too
  17. 17. @azeem THE AI LOCK-IN LOOP Video games Search Mobile UI Defense CRM Finance Health
  18. 18. @azeem Stuff is getting better
  19. 19. @azeem BETTER THAN HUMAN: OBJECT DETECTION IN IMAGES Source: Imagenet / https://devblogs.nvidia.com/parallelforall/mocha-jl-deep-learning-julia/
  20. 20. @azeem BETTER THAN HUMAN: WIDE RANGE OF VIDEO GAMES (Better at action oriented than exploration oriented games)
  21. 21. @azeem Patrick Rhodes: http://www.statisticsviews.com/details/feature/8791241/Artificial-Intelligence-Solving-the-Chin Room-Argument.html BETTER THAN HUMAN: CHESS
  22. 22. @azeem BETTER THAN HUMAN: GO Alpha Go 1920 CPU 280 GPU
  23. 23. @azeem GOOD AS HUMAN: VERBAL IQ
  24. 24. @azeem BETTER THAN HUMAN: SUTURING INTESTINAL TISSUE Source http://spectrum.ieee.org/the-human-os/ robotics/medical-robots/autonomous-robot- surgeon-bests-human-surgeons-in-world-first
  25. 25. @azeem BETTER THAN HUMAN: PREDICTIONS & BETTING Predicted top 4 finishers of 2016 Kentucky Derby on May 8th. 540-1 odds. http://www.techrepublic.com/article/swarm-ai-predicts-the-2016-kentucky-derby/
  26. 26. @azeem APPROACHING HUMAN: VISUAL Q&A https://avisingh599.github.io/deeplearning/visual-qa/
  27. 27. @azeem 2: APPLICATIONS ARE GETTING BETTER Better foundational blocks NLP CV µSVC Data Eng APIs Data Quality Integrated applications Customer service Querying Legal Engineering
  28. 28. @azeem LAWYERS, DRIVERS, PAS, JOURNALISTS EMMA Q&A; discovery; precedent detection based on IBM Watson Autonomous vehicles; networked learning system Autonomous writing tool NLP-rich scheduling and calendaring assistant
  29. 29. @azeem IMPLICATIONS FOR TECH BUSINESSES
  30. 30. @azeem PLAY OR PRAY PLAY BUILD A DATA MOAT SEMANTICALLY SENSIBLE INTERFACES KEEP THE HUMAN IN THE LOOP PROCESSES NOT ONESHOT
  31. 31. @azeem HOW WILL YOU BUILD YOUR DATA MOAT? BUILD A DATA MOAT CORE ALGORITHMS / 
 FRAMEWORKS ARE IN OPEN SOURCE UNIQUR AI NEEDS UNIQUE DATA BUILD A DATA ACQUISITION STRATEGY
  32. 32. @azeem HOW WILL YOU ENSURE COHERENT SEMANTICS IN EXPOSED INTERFACES? CLEAN APIS EASIER TO INTEGRATE IN OTHER INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS EASIER TO OPTIMISE NARROW AI
  33. 33. @azeem KEEP THE HUMAN IN THE LOOP HUMANS NEEDED ONGOING TRAINING LAST-MILE RISK MANAGEMENT
  34. 34. @azeem BUILD THE RIGHT PROCESSES HUMANS NEEDED ONGOING TRAINING INVESTMENT UNDERSTAND YOUR TRADEOFFS HOW TO SECURE BETTER DATA
  35. 35. @azeem SHOULD YOU BE SCARED OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE? ➤ Huge opportunities to build better products & reach new markets ➤ Competitive threat if you do not innovate ➤ Expensive and requires internal capability building (so hard) ➤ Unlikely to end humanity right in near future.
  36. 36. @azeem YOUR VIEW?
  37. 37. @azeem
  38. 38. @azeem Carpe diem! Azeem Azhar @azeem Schibsted Media Group

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