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Internet Radio Workshop For Tanzanian Journalists


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Teaching material for tanzanian radio journalist.

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Internet Radio Workshop For Tanzanian Journalists

  1. 1. Internet Radio Workshop for Tanzanian Journalist <ul><li>VIKES and MISA Tanzania. </li></ul><ul><li>– Internet radio – webcasting – open source audio editing – podcasting – </li></ul><ul><li>– future of radio – </li></ul><ul><li>Dar es Salaam February 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Markku Liukkonen </li></ul><ul><li>Radio producer, multimedium journalist (procumer) </li></ul><ul><li>Turku, Finland </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  2. 2. 1. Basic terms <ul><li>1.1 Podcasting </li></ul><ul><li>- “Podcast is a series of digital media files (either audio or video) that are released episodically and downloaded through web.” (wikipedia) </li></ul><ul><li>- Basically a downloadable mp3 file. </li></ul><ul><li>- Can be streamed through web browser – On Demand (1.6) </li></ul><ul><li>- Can be attached with metadata and rss-feed </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul>
  3. 4. 1. Basic terms <ul><li>1.2 rss-feed </li></ul><ul><li>- &quot;Really Simple Syndication&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>- web feed format used to publish frequently updated works - such as blog entries, news headlines, audio, and video </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- rss2.0 works with podcasting to digital media players (iTunes, Winamp, rythmbox...) </li></ul>
  4. 5. 1. Basic terms <ul><li>1.3 Webcasting </li></ul><ul><li>- A webcast is a media file distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers. (wikipedia) </li></ul><ul><li>- webcast may either be distributed live or on demand </li></ul><ul><li>- largest &quot;webcasters&quot; include existing radio and TV stations, who usually &quot;simulcast&quot; their output. </li></ul>
  5. 6. 1 . Basic terms <ul><li>1.4 simulcasting </li></ul><ul><li>- Simultaneous Broadcast </li></ul><ul><li>- Programs or events broadcast across more than one medium, or more than one service on the same medium, at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>- For example live radio broadcast is simultaneously aired analogue FM-frequency and digital web radio stream </li></ul>
  6. 8. 1. Basic terms <ul><li>1.5 Internet Radio (web radio, net radio, streaming radio...) </li></ul><ul><li>- audio listening service transmitted via the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>- Different from podcasting, which involves downloading rather than streaming. </li></ul><ul><li>- The most common way to distribute Internet radio is via streaming technology using a lossy* audio codec. </li></ul><ul><li>*compressed audio format </li></ul>
  7. 9. 1. Basic terms <ul><li>1.6 On-Air vs. On-Demand </li></ul><ul><li>- On-Air is live broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>- On-Demand radio is available for radio consumer all time. </li></ul><ul><li>- On-Demand -> Podcasting </li></ul><ul><li>- Archive </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul>
  8. 10. 1. Basic terms <ul><li>1.7 Open-source software </li></ul><ul><li>- It is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. </li></ul><ul><li>- The term open-source software originated as part of a marketing campaign for free software. </li></ul><ul><li>- Mozilla Firefox, Linux Ubuntu, Open Office, Audacity... </li></ul>
  9. 12. 2. Internet Radio <ul><li>2.1 Short History of internet Radio </li></ul><ul><li>- 1994 college radio station of the University of North Carolina became the first radio station to broadcast its signal over the internet </li></ul><ul><li>- 1994 Rolling Stones concert was the &quot;first major cyberspace multicast concert. </li></ul><ul><li>-In 1995, Progressive Networks released RealAudio as a free download. </li></ul><ul><li>- March 1996, Virgin Radio - London, became the first European radio station to broadcast its full program live on the internet (multicasting) </li></ul><ul><li>-> </li></ul>
  10. 13. 2. Internet Radio <ul><li>-> 2.1 Short History of internet Radio </li></ul><ul><li>- The International Webcasting Association was formed in 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>- By the end of the 1990s there were thousands of Internet radio stations and music sites online. </li></ul><ul><li>- In the mid-2000s Internet radio has become a growing phenomenon, with the number of stations at five figures. </li></ul><ul><li>- In the years to come Internet radio will certainly become a bigger force in society and may be the first giant step toward world integration and globally-minded content. </li></ul><ul><li>- Radio took 30 years to reach an audience of 50 million people, TV took 13 years, but the Internet has taken only four. </li></ul>
  11. 14. 2. Internet Radio <ul><li>2.2 Webcasting now </li></ul><ul><li>- The ability to webcast using cheap/accessible technology has allowed independent media to flourish. </li></ul><ul><li>- The largest webcasters are existing radio and TV stations </li></ul><ul><li>- Big part of social media ”revolution” </li></ul><ul><li>- Easy to participate and distribute -> Procumer </li></ul><ul><li>- Transformation from push- to pull strategy </li></ul><ul><li>- Participation </li></ul><ul><li>- Mobile, portable, 24/7... </li></ul>
  12. 15. 3. Radio in Internet and Social Media <ul><li>3.1 Metadata, web2.0, </li></ul><ul><li>- Tags that can be found by search engines </li></ul><ul><li>- Important for coverage </li></ul><ul><li>- Connection with other Podcasters </li></ul><ul><li>- Horizontal information flow </li></ul><ul><li>- Global village </li></ul>
  13. 16. 3. Radio in Internet and Social Media <ul><li>3.2 Platforms </li></ul><ul><li>Social Media: </li></ul><ul><li>- Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>- Facebook, MySpace etc. </li></ul><ul><li>- Professional discussion phorums </li></ul><ul><li>Other: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  14. 17. 3. Radio in Internet and Social Media <ul><li>3.3 Future of radio </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- Information will be more mobile, social and local </li></ul><ul><li>- Two way information, Horizontal vs. Vertical. </li></ul><ul><li>- Megatrends vs. Silent Signals </li></ul><ul><li>- ”Everything that is commonly acknowledged now, has been an heresy in the past.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Media will be diversified </li></ul><ul><li>- Convergence will increase </li></ul>
  15. 18. 4. Audacity and Audio Conversion <ul><li>- Audacity's features include: </li></ul><ul><li>Importing and exporting wav, AIFF, Mp3 (via the LAME encoder, downloaded separately) and Ogg Vorbis </li></ul><ul><li>- Recording and playing sounds </li></ul><ul><li>- Editing via Cut, Copy, Paste (with unlimited Undo) </li></ul><ul><li>- Multitrack mixing </li></ul><ul><li>- A large array of digital effects and plug-ins. Additional effects can be written with Nyquist </li></ul><ul><li>- Amplitude envelope editing </li></ul><ul><li>- Noise removal </li></ul>
  16. 19. 4. Audacity and Audio Conversion <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  17. 20. 5. Podomatic <ul><li>- Registration </li></ul><ul><li>- Basic user Interface of Podomatic </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- Promotion </li></ul>
  18. 21. 6. Work Shop Exercise <ul><li>- Record </li></ul><ul><li>- Edit and Convert </li></ul><ul><li>- Publish </li></ul>