Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

IEEE SusTech Global Future of Water Presentation 11/14/17

323 views

Published on

Water remains an essential element for life that plays a central and critical role in all aspects of our national and global economies and environment. We are entering an era of immense water-related threats due to climate change and human actions bringing floods, droughts, reduced water availability, and degraded water quality that threaten communities, nations, and global sociopolitical and economic security.
 
This presentation covers water futures from a macro level as regions, governments, and industries prepare for and manage increasing water-related threats utilizing traditional and emergent technologies to resolve these issues and provide water and sanitation that address the needs of all. It also will cover water futures from at a more personal and community level featuring technological advances and rediscovery of appropriate technology of the past to forge a water-secure future.

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

IEEE SusTech Global Future of Water Presentation 11/14/17

  1. 1. Global Future of Water Tuesday, November 14, 2017 Mark Goldstein, International Research Center markg@researchedge.com, http://www.researchedge.com/ Business Partner for Sustainability Partners https://www.sustainability.partners/ Slide Deck Online at http://www.slideshare.net/markgirc © 2017 - International Research Center
  2. 2. Global Future of Water Water remains an essential element for life that plays a central and critical role in all aspects of our national and global economies and environment. We are entering an era of immense water-related threats due to climate change and human actions bringing floods, droughts, reduced water availability, and degraded water quality that threaten communities, nations, and global sociopolitical and economic security. This talk will cover water futures from a macro level as regions, governments, and industries prepare for and manage increasing water-related threats utilizing traditional and emergent technologies to resolve these issues and provide water and sanitation that address the needs of all. It also will cover water futures from at a more personal and community level featuring technological advances and rediscovery of appropriate technology of the past to forge a water-secure future. “Anything else you’re interested in is not going to happen if you can’t breathe the air and drink the water. Don’t sit this one out. Do something. You are by accident of fate alive at an absolutely critical moment in the history of our planet.” - Carl Sagan
  3. 3. The world’s water resources Glaciers, Snow & permafrost 1.725% Ground water 0.075% Lakes, swamps & rivers 0.025% Oceans 97.5% It’s a Blue Planet, but… Source: World Bank
  4. 4. https://water.usgs.gov/edu/watercycle-kids.html
  5. 5. Source: Matteo Farinella - The Water Cycle (2012) https://matteofarinella.wordpress.com/2012/09/23/the-water-cycle/
  6. 6. Land, Water and Energy Nexus Main Linkages Source: OECD (http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/environment/the-land-water-energy-nexus_9789264279360-en)
  7. 7. Source: FutureStructure Water, Waste & Energy Systems 6/14
  8. 8. John Snow (1813-1858) was an English physician and a leader in the adoption of anesthesia and medical hygiene. He is considered one of the fathers of modern epidemiology, in part because of his work in tracing the source of a cholera outbreak in Soho, London, in 1854. His findings inspired fundamental changes in the water and waste systems of London, which led to similar changes in other cities, and a significant improvement in general public health around the world.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Snow John Snow Traces 1854 London Cholera Outbreak
  9. 9. The Municipal Water Cycle
  10. 10. http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/
  11. 11. Source: OECD Projected Water Withdrawals by Sector
  12. 12. Source: WHO-UNICEF 2017 Drinking Water
  13. 13. UN Sustainable Development Goal for Water http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/
  14. 14. Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Source: WHO-UNICEF 2017
  15. 15. Top Fears for Americans
  16. 16. Source: Climate Reality Project
  17. 17. (Photo: Joe Raedle/Getty) Harvey is the worst rainfall event ever in the continental U.S. More than 50 inches of rain deluged parts of Houston. The amount of water that poured from the sky is difficult to conceptualize. By some estimates, 19 trillion gallons of water fell in five days. That's roughly a million gallons of water for every person in southeastern Texas. This was a disaster foretold. In the 1990s, climate scientist Wallace Broecker said that the Earth's climate was "an angry beast" and that by dumping massive quantities of CO2 into the atmosphere, we were "poking it with sticks" – and nobody could say how the beast would react. That's where we are today. Harvey is the third 500-year flood to hit the Houston area in the past three years. Ten years ago, most scientists thought we might see three feet of sea-level rise by 2100. Now, estimates by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration say the worst-case might be eight feet by 2100, while former NASA scientist James Hansen argues that it could be 10 feet or more. The larger reality is, we're moving into an era of unknown impacts, where it is impossible to say how fast our world will change, or how bad it will get. http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/features/hurricane-harvey-houston-flood-is-climate-change-warning-w500596
  18. 18. • Climate change will lead to more precipitation - but also to more evaporation • Precipitation will probably increase in some areas and decline in others. • Changing precipitation patterns will affect how much water can be captured. • The drier the climate, the more sensitive is the local hydrology. • High-latitude regions may see more runoff due to greater precipitation. • The effects on the tropics are harder to predict. • Reservoirs and wells would be affected. • New patterns of runoff and evaporation will also affect natural ecosystems. • Rising seas could invade coastal freshwater supplies. • Reduced water supplies would place additional stress on people, agriculture, and the environment. • Conflicts could be sparked by the additional pressures. • Improved water resource management can help to reduce vulnerabilities. Source: Green Resistance (https://greenresistance.wordpress.com/) 20 Water and Climate Change
  19. 19. Source: Hybrid Sankey Diagram from U.S. DOE 2014
  20. 20. Water Use for Energy Technologies , from OECD
  21. 21. Ecosystem Impacts of Electric Power Generation Source: UNEP (2016) Green Energy Choices: The Benefits, Risks, and Trade-Offs of Low-Carbon Technologies for Electricity Production Report (2016) https://www.unenvironment.org/resources/report/green-energy-choices-benefits-risks-and- trade-offs-low-carbon-technologies Species-Years Affected per TWh
  22. 22. Arizona’s Water Sources Colorado 36% Other Surface 20% Groundwater 39% Effluent 5% Colorado Other Surface Groundwater Effluent Source: Arizona Dept. of Water Resources
  23. 23. Arizona Water Banking 9 Million Acre Feet (MAF) banked statewide 3.8 Million Acre Feet (MAF) by CAP 1 Million Acre Feet (MAF) by SRP Source: ASU Morrison Institute 2017
  24. 24. Source: Phoenix Business Journal 10/29/17
  25. 25. Global Future of Water Water Sensing and Smarts
  26. 26. A successful Kickstarter project with over $2.76 million in funding, the SCiO pocket molecular sensor lets users scan and obtain information about the chemical makeup of materials and physical objects. Once an item is scanned, the chemical makeup is compared against items in a cloud-based database, and the information about the item is sent back to a smartphone. The device is capable of scanning food (for nutritional information), medicines, plants (for health purposes), oils, plastics, wood and more. The device works by shining a light on an object and using a spectrometer to analyze the properties of the light reflected back. Source: Network World SCiO Pocket Molecular Sensor https://www.consumerphysics.com/myscio/
  27. 27. http://weliveupnorth.com/plant-monitor/
  28. 28. Arable's Pulsepod Collects Hyperlocal Weather & Crop Data http://www.arable.com/
  29. 29. Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) Potential Applications
  30. 30. http://www.forbes.com/sites/jacobmorgan/2014/09/04/cities-of-the-future-what-do-they-look- like-how-do-we-build-them-and-whats-their-impact/ Cities of the Future: What Do They Look Like, How Do We Build Them and What's Their Impact?
  31. 31. http://www.aquamatix.net/
  32. 32. Source: The New York Times 9/25/10
  33. 33. Global Future of Water Appropriate Water Technology
  34. 34. http://www.climate.gov/news-features/features/floridas-fragile-oasis
  35. 35. The Thermal Hydraulic Engine from Deluge, Inc. represents a breakthrough technology that can perform the work of similar engines at a fraction of the operating costs while releasing no emissions into the air. Also known as the Natural Energy (NE) Engine, this patented, innovative engine employs alternative heat sources such as solar, geothermal, and waste heat energy, as well as fuels like natural gas, to convert hot water into mechanical power without combustion. Under development by Deluge since 1996, the NE Engine has been use- tested in numerous applications including oil and gas pumping, water pumping, desalination, electricity generation, compression, and air handling, and can operate as effectively in third-world countries as in highly industrialized countries. Initially conceived as a replacement for the internal combustion engine, the NE Engine has attracted the attention of many who want to use this pioneering, clean, and cost-effective technology as a way to lower production costs. The technology’s cost effective and environmentally- innocuous features make it an attractive power source for most any application, including pumping water for desalination processes. http://delugeinc.com/DESALINATION.html The Natural Energy Engine as a Low-Cost Power Source for Reverse Osmosis Desalination
  36. 36. Nanotechnology Enabled Water Treatment (NEWT) Systems Concept http://fullcircle.asu.edu/research/asu-engineering-research-center-newt/
  37. 37. Deka R&D Slingshot Water Purification Machine Ensuring access to clean water is one of the greatest challenges faced by under- developed countries. Existing approaches to water purification require expertise in system design, operation and maintenance. Deka R&D, led by genius inventor Dean Kamen, the creator of the Segway transporter, has designed Slingshot, a simple vapor compression water purification machine that transforms any source water into safe drinking water producing roughly 30 liters of water an hour using no more energy than required by a standard handheld hair dryer. A partnership with Coca-Cola will bring Slingshot to communities in need of clean water in rural parts of Latin America and Africa. http://www.dekaresearch.com/water.shtml
  38. 38. https://energy.gov/eere/articles/energy-department- launches-15-million-tackle-solar-desalination
  39. 39. High-Voltage Water Purification For Water Recycling or Point-of-Use Applications Scientists at NASA's Glenn Research Center have discovered a unique water purification method that can be used for water recycling or point-of-use applications. Eliminating costly consumables like chemicals or ultraviolet lamps, and relying on only electrical energy, this technology uses plasma-generated reactive species to decompose organic contaminants, ranging from submicron particles to water soluble organics like glycol, ethanol, and industrial dyes. This technology has multiple applications, including the treatment of water for industrial, agricultural, healthcare, oil and gas extraction, sewer and storm water, livestock, and pharmaceutical uses. Benefits: • Environmentally friendly: Does not introduce toxic chemicals into liquids • Readily available: Provides clean water on- demand • Accessible: Accommodates large-volume, high-throughput applications and works with in-volume and in-line water feed systems • Simple: Operates without filters, which can often become fouled or punctured • Durable: Housed in a self-contained unit • Highly antiseptic: Attacks and destroys microbes Applications: • Wastewater treatment • Pharmaceutical and food and beverage water treatment • Pretreatment of contaminants • Point-of-use drinking water • Groundwater treatment • EPA Superfund site cleanup • Hydraulic fracturing water reuse https://technology.nasa.gov/patent/LEW-TOPS-21
  40. 40. https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/5- innovative-ways-people-in-the-developing-world-p/ http://www.unicef.org/ http://www.wsp.org/
  41. 41. LifeStraw water filters from Vestergaard convert contaminated water into clean, safe drinking water. The easy-to-use filters are a vital tool for some of the 780 million people who don’t have ready access to safe drinking water. This leaves them at risk for diarrheal disease, which kills more than 1.5 million people every year. Safe drinking water is especially important for vulnerable groups, such as children under five, pregnant women and people living with HIV. LifeStraw water filters also prevent cryptosporidiosis, a major cause of diarrheal illness in people living with HIV and children under five. LifeStraw Guinea Worm is a plastic pipe with a stainless steel mesh that filters out Guinea worm larvae from contaminated water. It has been a vital tool in global efforts, led by The Carter Center, to eradicate Guinea worm disease. Each product in the LifeStraw portfolio is designed for a specific situation where safe water is needed but not readily available. http://www.vestergaard.com/our-products/lifestraw
  42. 42. Self-Propelled Microscopic Carbon-Capturing Motors May Reduce Carbon Dioxide Levels in Oceans Nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego have designed enzyme-functionalized micromotors the size of red blood cells that rapidly zoom around in water, remove carbon dioxide, and convert it into a usable solid form, calcium carbonate. The CO2 sequestration proof-of- concept study represents a promising route to mitigate the buildup of carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas in the environment, said the researchers. Source: Laboratory for Nanobioelectronics, UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering, See http://joewang.ucsd.edu/ & http://www.kurzweilai.net/these-self-propelled- microscopic-carbon-capturing-motors-may-reduce-carbon-dioxide-levels-in-oceans
  43. 43. The WarkaWater gathers water from fog and condensation. It was invented by an Italian firm and three of them are shown here in an Ethiopian village. WarkaWater, which is named after an Ethiopian fig tree, is composed of a 30-foot bamboo frame containing a fog-harvesting nylon net that can be easily lowered for repairs and to allow communities to measure the water level. It produces up to 26 gallons of drinkable water a day, enough for a family of seven. Source: NPR 5/14 (YouTube Video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RjGVRuN9akM)
  44. 44. New research by scientists at Rice University demonstrated that forests of carbon nanotubes can be made to harvest water molecules from arid desert air and store them for future use. The invention called “hygroscopic scaffold” mimics the Stenocara beetle, which survives in the desert by stretching its wings to capture and drink water molecules from the early morning fog and has a superhydrophobic (water-repelling) bottom and a hydrophilic (water loving) top The water is stored until released either by squeezing the reusable scaffold or until it slowly evaporates back into the atmosphere. If it becomes possible to grow nanotube forests on a large scale, the invention could become an efficient, effective water-collection device because it does not require an external energy source. http://news.rice.edu/2014/06/11/nanotube-forests-drink-water-from-arid-air-2/ Nanotube Forests Drink Water from Arid Air Superhydrophobic (water-repelling) Side Hydrophilic (water-loving) Side
  45. 45. This proof-of-concept device, built at MIT, demonstrates a new system for extracting drinking water from the air. The sequence of images at right shows how droplets of water accumulate over time as the inside temperature increases while exposed to the sun. Photo: MIT, http://www.laboratoryequipment.com/news/2017/04/water-harvester-could-collect-moisture-desert-air
  46. 46. Cynthia Koenig, a young social entrepreneur from New York, learned that millions of girls and women around the world spend hours each day collecting water from distant sources. She decided to create the WaterWheel, a new way to help people in poor communities collect, transport, store, and use water receiving a $100,000 Grand Challenges Canada prize. The WaterWheel allows people to roll water in a 50-liter container versus carrying it in 5 gallon (19 liter) jugs which can save women 35 hours per week in water transport time, as well as prevent the physical strain that comes from balancing 40 pounds of water on top of their heads for hours each day. (http://wellowater.org/)
  47. 47. The UK-based startup Skipping Rocks Lab has invented their first product ‘Ooho’: an edible water bottle that you can literally just eat the packaging of the water after drinking it or just consume the whole thing at once. This means no more stacks of empty water bottles in your room after a night of heavy partying. On a more serious note, their goal is to make packaging waste disappear. The packaging is made from seaweed extract and it’s completely biodegradable. https://www.snapmunk.com/awe some-alert-sustainable- packaging-edible-water-bottle/
  48. 48. Uisce beatha is the name for whiskey in Irish. The equivalent in Scottish Gaelic is rendered uisge- beatha. The word "whisky" (as spelt in Scotland) or "whiskey" (as spelt in Ireland and America) itself is simply an anglicized version of this phrase, stemming from a mispronunciation of the word uisce in Ireland or uisge in Scotland. The phrase uisce beatha, literally "water of life," was the name given by Irish monks of the early Middle Ages to distilled alcohol. It is simply a translation of the Latin aqua vitae. Source:Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uisce_beatha) Photo by Mark Goldstein, International Research Center of an old Irish whiskey jug on display in the Athlone Castle Museum, Ireland taken in 2009
  49. 49. https://www.laboratoryequipment.com/news/2017/10/detecting- lead-and-tumors-3m-announces-winning-young-scientists https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4WM3arrBgo
  50. 50. Pranav Agarwal has built a solar-powered floating surface aerator that can be installed in water bodies to prevent water stagnation and mosquito breeding. The device produces ripples by generating air bubbles at regular intervals. It automatically switches on when it comes in contact with water and an alarm alerts if the water body dries up or someone tries to remove the device from water. The device is cost effective and being solar powered, it is energy independent and maintenance-free. If this device is improved upon and ubiquitously installed, the world will soon be free from mosquito borne diseases. YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=42HqsWmc5cE
  51. 51. The Nebia Shower System at $499 is a revolutionary shower technology 10x more immersive for you and 70% more sustainable for the planet. https://www.indiegogo.com/products/the-nebia-shower-system The Nebia Shower System
  52. 52. http://aquadam.net/
  53. 53. Texas Man Uses Massive Inflatable Dam to Save House Randy Wagner in Rosharon, Texas used a product he found online to protect his family’s home and property during flooding in 2016. In a desperate attempt to protect his home from the flood waters, he drove all the way to Louisiana to pick up a product he found online, an Aqua Dam. With the help of a couple of friends, he installed the Aqua Dam’s 400 feet of materials and waited for the water to come. As the water built up around his home, the dam held it all back. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/texas-man-uses-massive-inflatable-dam-save-house-spmg-media http://aquadam.net/
  54. 54. ASU’s FutureH2O https://futureh2o.asu.edu/
  55. 55. http://www.unwater.org/publications/world -water-development-report-2017/
  56. 56. Proven Efficiency Products SP Upgrades and Finances: Building Energy Efficiency Efficient Lighting, HVAC Power Conditioning & Storage Clean Energy Generation Waste to Value/Energy Clean Transportation Efficient Water Usage https://www.sustainability.partners Contact: Mark Goldstein, International Research Center, Business Partner for Sustainability Partners at 602-470-0389 or markg@researchedge.com Sustainability Partners has pioneered a new way of delivering effective and impactful energy, water and fuel efficient systems to customers by accelerating traditional project and procurement processes utilizing an innovative, value-added Sustainability-as-a-Service® (SaaS™) approach. Sustainability Partners works with customers to invest in and deploy energy efficient initiatives in a no cost, low-risk way with under a shared savings model that removes traditional barriers and risks, enabling customers to implement the latest energy, water, and fuel efficient technologies and realize immediate savings. Sustainability Partners has a broad base of investors providing ample funds for investment in qualified projects. We offer substantial referral fees for leads resulting in financed projects. We finance energy projects for commercial scale end users with no CAPEX, no OPEX, and no P&L impact, just pure P (Profit)!

×