McDowell 1 HIVToya S. McDowell Microbiology Dr. TNovember 09, 2009
McDowell 2 HIV is the cause of a lot of deaths in this world today. Back in the 80’s people thoughtthat gay men was the cost of Hiv, but as scentist found out more information about the viruspeople learned that Hiv can be given to someone in three different ways. Having unprotectedsex with someone that is affect with hiv, using needles or syrignes with an affected person, or amother that is affected giving birth to an infant. “Scientists identified a type of chimpanzee inwest africa as the source of Hiv infection in humans. The virus most likely jumped to humanswhen humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infectedblood.’’(cdc september, 3). If people would hove never hunted these animals this diseaseprobably would not be here today. Also when people have Hiv they will eventually get “infection cause by virus e.g.,cryptosporiduim, Toxoplasma, bacteria e.g., myocobacteria, and fungi e.g., candida, crytococcus,pneumocystis become systemic and cause death.”(book). Once all these infections take overAids come about. Aids is the final stage of Hiv. A person can live for years with Hiv before iteven get to this point. When a person has Hiv “you cannot rely on symptoms alone becausemany people who are infected with Hiv do not have symptoms for many years. Someone canlook and feel healthy but can be infected.” (cdc september 3, 2009). This is one big reason whyanyone who has more then one partner or unprotected sex should get check out to make sure theydo not have Hiv. At the same time, this is the reason why “Hiv infection is often undiagnosed ormisdiagnosed because anti-hiv antibodies are not usually detected during the early phase ofinfection.”(book). If people do have symptoms it will be things like fever, rash, headache
McDowell 2etc… When Hiv is diagnosis” individuals develop detectable antibodies within one to threemonths after infection. However, there may be a more prolonged interval of up to six months, oreven longer in some cases. Antigen detection precedures detect an hiv antigen known asp24.(book). Being that Hiv does not always show up on the first test it should be a law thateveryone having sex get check once a year. Futhermore, when a person finds out they have hiv there is no cure for it, but there is amedicine you can take called “zidovudine” (book). Or there is an antiretroviral therapy which“is to reduce the hiv viral load to as low as possible for as long as possible. The overall objectiveof treatment for hiv disease, as with treatment for many other infectious disease, is to control theputative agent with antimicrobial agents.” (cdc). When doing these treatments it helps with aperson living longer because if a person is not doing no type of treatment they get sick faster.When workin in a healthcare facutily people should always wear gloves dealing with needles,fecal blood, and body fluids of an hiv patients. In conclusion, hiv is a dangerous disease that everybody should worry about and alwaysget check to make sure they do not have it, and if they do get treatment right away. Peopleshould as always protect theirselves so they would not get it. If this happen the the dealths in theUnited States would go down do to Hiv.